Volume-4 Issue-5

Volume-4 Issue-5: Published on November 30, 2015
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S. No

Volume-4 Issue-5, November 2015, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.

1.

Authors:

P. Dayaker, Chandrakant K. Daf

Paper Title:

Defending Against Password Guessing Attacks on Web Applications

Abstract:    Brute force and dictionary attacks on password protected remote login services are increasing rapidly. Letting legitimate user’s login conveniently while preventing such attacks is difficult. Automated Turing Tests (ATTs) are effective and easy to implement but cause reasonable amount of inconvenience to the user. We discuss the existing and proposed login protocols designed to prevent large scale online dictionary attacks. We propose Password Guessing Resistant Protocol (PGRP), which is derived upon revisiting prior proposals designed to restrict such attacks. PGRP reduces the total number of login attempts from an unknown remote host while trusted or legitimate users can make several failed login attempts before being challenged by ATT.

Keywords:
    Brute force, Attacks, CAPTCHA, PGRP.

References:

1.       E. Bursztein, S. Bethard, J.C. Mitchell, D. Jurafsky, and C.Fabry, “How Good Are Humans at Solving CAPTCHAs? A Large Scale Evaluation,” Proc. IEEE Symp. Security and Privacy, May 2010.
2.       Usability of CAPTCHAs Or usability issues in CAPTCHA design Jeff Yan, Ahmad Salah El Ahmad July 2008

3.       Password Protected Smart Card and MemoryStick Authentication Against Dictionary Attacks Yongge Wan, March 3, 2012.

 

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2.

Authors:

E. Nagabhooshanam, Y. Gayathri, G.Praveen, K. Deepak, D. Sireesha

Paper Title:

Monitoring of Health @ Home using Sensing Devices

Abstract:     The current healthcare model is mostly in-hospital based and consists of periodic visits. Nowadays, chronic heart failure (CHF) affects an ever-growing segment of population, and it is among the major causes of hospitalization for elderly citizens. The actual out-of hospital treatment model, based on periodic visits, has a low capability to detect signs of destabilization and leads to a high re-hospitalization rate. To this aim, in this paper, a complete and integrated Information and Communication Technology system is described enabling the CHF patients to daily collect vital signs at home and automatically send them to the Hospital Information System, allowing the physicians to monitor their patients at distance and take timely actions in case of necessity. A minimum set of vital parameters has been identified, consisting of electrocardiogram, SpO2, blood pressure, and weight, measured through a pool of wireless, non-invasive biomedical sensors. A multi-channel front-end IC for cardiac sensor interfacing has been also developed. Sensor data acquisition and signal processing are in charge of an additional device, the home gateway. All signals are processed upon acquisition in order to assert if both punctual values and extracted trends lay in a safety zone established by thresholds. Per-patient personalized thresholds, required measurements and transmission policy are allowed. As proved by first medical tests, the proposed telemedicine platform represents a valid support to early detect the alterations in vital signs that precede the acute syndromes, allowing early home interventions thus reducing the number of subsequent hospitalizations.

Keywords:
   Biomedical instrumentation, chronic heart failure, e-health, sensor signal processing, tele-monitoring, vital signs sensors.

References:

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2.        F. Zannad, N. Agrinier, and F. Alla, “Heart failure burden and therapy,” Europace, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1–9, Nov. 2009.

3.        Roger, A. S. Go, D. M. Lloyd-Jones, R. J. Adams, J. D. Berry, T. M. Brown, M. R. Carnethon, S. Dai, G. de Simone, E. S. Ford, C. S. Fox, H. J. Fullerton, C. Gillespie, K. J. Greenlund, S. M. Hailpern, J. A. Heit, P. M. Ho, V. J. Howard, B. M. Kissela, S. J. Kittner, D. T. Lackland, J. H. Lichtman, L. D. Lisbeth, D. M. Makuc, G. M. Marcus, A. Marelli, D. B. Matchar, M. M. McDermott, J. B. Meigs, C. S. Moy, D. Mozaffarian, M. E. Mussolino, G. Nichol, N. P. Paynter, W. D. Rosamond, P. D. Sorlie, R. S. Stafford, T. N. Turan, M. B. Turner, N. D.Wong, and J.Wylie-Rosett, “Heart disease and stroke statistics—2011 update: A report from the American Heart Association,” Circulation, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. 18–209, Feb. 2011.

4.        F. Alla, F. Zannad, and G. Filippatos, “Epidemiology of acute heart failure syndromes,” Heart Fail. Rev., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 91–95, Jun. 2007.

5.        C. Berry, D. Murdoch, and J. McMurray, “Economics of chronic heart failure,” Eur. J. Heart Fail., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 283–291, Jun. 2001.

6.        Bundkirchen and R. H. G. Schwinger, “Epidemiology and economic burden of chronic heart failure,” Eur. Heart J. Suppl., vol. 6, no. SD, pp. 57–60, Aug. 2004.

7.        J. Ross, J. Chen, Z. Lin, H. Bueno, J. P. Curtis, P. S. Keenan, S. L. Normand, G. Schreiner, J. A. Spertus, M. T. Vidán, Y. Wang, and H. M. Krumholz, “Recent
national trends in readmission rates after heart failure hospitalization,” Circ., Heart Fail., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 97–103, Jan. 2009.

8.        S. Stewart, “Financial aspects of heart failure programs of care,” Eur. J. Heart Fail., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 423–428, Mar. 2005.

9.        F.McAlister, S. Stewart, S. Ferrua, and J. J.McMurray, “Multidisciplinary strategies for the management of heart failure patients at high risk for admission: A systematic review of randomized trials,” J. Amer. Coll. Cardiol., vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 810–819, Aug. 2004.

10.     E. Seto, “Cost comparison between telemonitoring and usual care of heart failure: A systematic review,” Telemed. J. E-Health, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 679–686, Sep. 2008.

11.     C. Klersy, A. De Silvestri, G. Gabutti, F. Regoli, and A. Auricchio, “A meta-analysis of remote monitoring of heart failure patients,” J. Amer. Coll. Cardiol., vol. 54, no. 18, pp. 1683–1694, Oct. 2009.

12.     S. C. Inglis, R. A. Clark, F. A. McAlister, J. Ball, C. Lewinter, D. Cullington, S. Stewart, and J. G. Cleland, “Structured telephone support or telemonitoringprogrammes for patients with chronic heart failure,” Cochrane Lib., no. 8, p. CD007 228, Jul.–Sep. 2010.

13.     S. Saponara, M. Donati, T. Bacchillone, L. Fanucci, I. Sanchez-Tato, C. Carmona, and P. Barba, “Remote monitoring of vital signs in patients with chronic heart failure: Sensor devices and data analysis perspective,” In Proc. IEEE Sens. Symp. Appl., 2012, pp. 1–6.

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19.     T. Bacchillone, M. Donati, S. Saponara, and L. Fanucci, “A flexible home gateway system for telecare of patients affected by chronic heart failure,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Med. Inf. Commun. Technol., 2011, pp. 139–142.

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3.

Authors:

Santosh L Bidve, Bhushan S Deshmukh, Abhilash G Chamwad, V K Pachghare, Rahul B Adhao

Paper Title:

Wireless Intrusion Detection System using Reputation

Abstract:      Development in the field of Information Technology has led to increase in speed of Internet. With the increase in internet users there is a tremendous increase in network traffic. Increase in network traffic has also increased the threat of intrusion over the network. For the ever growing internet speed there is a necessity to modify the intrusion detection system in order to detect the intrusion threats across the network. In order to meet these needs of Intrusion detection system we can use the combination of packet based and flow based systems. Reduction of false alarm is also a matter of concern in intrusion detection.

Keywords:
    Intrusion Detection, Reputation, IP Flow, Packet Flow.

References:

1.       Bernard Menezes, “Network Security and Cryptography”, Cengage Learning, pp. 235-237.
2.       Dr. V K Pachghare , “Cryptography and Information Security”, PHI publication

3.       Rahul B Adhao, Avinash R Kshirsagar, Dr. V K Pachghare,”Reputation Based Fast Intrusion Detection”2014

4.       F. Sabahi and A. Movaghar, “Intrusion Detection: Survey”, The Third International Conference on System and Network communications, 2008, pp. 23-26.

5.       M. Sharma , A Kaushik, A. Sanghwan “ Performance Analysis of Real time Intrusion Detection and Prevention System Using Snort”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, (IJERT), July 2012.

6.       C. Kruegel, F. Valeur and G. Vigna, “Intrusion Detection and Correlation: Challenges and Solutions”, Springer- Verlag Telos, 2004.

7.       Keldor Gerrigagoitia  , Roberto Uribeetxeberria , Urko Zurutuza , and Ignacio Arenaza,”Reputation-based Intrusion Detection System for wireless sensor networks”.

8.       Trung Dong Huynh “Trust And Reputation in Open Multi-Agent System”.

9.       Chinyang Henry Tseng, Poornima Balasubramanyam, “Specification Based Intrusion Detection Model for OLSR”.

10.    L Premaajeshwari, “Enhanced Intrusion Detection Techniques for mobile Ad Hoc networks”.

11.    Anna Sperotto and Aiko Pras, “Flow Based Intrusion Detection System”, 12th IFIP/IEEE 2011: Dissertation Digest, 2011, pp. 958-963.

12.    G. Sadasivan, N. Brownlee, B. Claise, “Network Working Group” RFC 5470

 

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4.

Authors:

Mohammed Jassim Mohammed Jassim

Paper Title:

Printed Text and Handwriting Identification in Noisy Document Images

Abstract:    In this project, we address the problem of segmenting and identifying text in noisy document images. The identification of machine printed text and handwriting is important because: (1) recognition techniques available for machine printed text and handwriting are significantly different (2) Handwriting in a document indicates corrections, additions that should be treated differently from the main content. Instead of using simple noise filtering techniques, our approach treat noise itself is treated as a class. Thus our approach becomes a three-class identification problem (Machine Printed Text, Handwriting and Noise). After performing text identification, post processing is performed to refine classification accuracy.

Keywords:
 Document Analysis, Printed Text, Segmentation, Markov Random Field, Hidden Markov Model … .


References:

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5.        Y. Zheng, C. Liu and X. Ding. Single character type identification. In Proc. of SPIE Vol.4670, Document Recognition & Retrieval IX, pages 49–56, 2001.

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7.        www.mathworks.com

 

10-12

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5.

Authors:

Abdullah .M.Y. AL-Hersh, Mahmoud .M.M. AL-Zyood

Paper Title:

The Effect of CRM on Customer Satisfaction Field Study on Jordanian & Saudi Bank Services

Abstract:     Due to the rapid expansion in banks and the severe competition for customers’ retention, banks have started using various marketing strategies to achieve their objectives. Customer Relationship Marketing is one of the marketing strategies that may be used in this respect. The study aims to investigate the impact of Customer Relationship Marketing on Customer Satisfaction in Banking Industry in KSA and Jordan. An e-mail questionnaire was designed and sent to 500 hundred customers of Arab Bank in KSA and Jordan, creating two sample pools of respondents. A total of 151 of the collected questionnaires were valid. The study findings show medium to  high degrees of positive attributes of the two samples toward Customer Relationship Marketing dimensions (trust, commitment, communication, empathy, social bonding and fulfilling promises) on customer satisfaction. The findings also indicate different attitudes regarding the importance of Customer Relationship Marketing dimension between the two samples. The findings also indicate different results regarding the impact of Customer Relationship Marketing on customer’s satisfaction due to gender, age and educational level. Ultimately, the study suggested that Arab bank, whether in the study’s two selected countries, or in other countries where it has branches and operates from, should apply Customer Relationship Marketing in order to maintain its market share in the market..

Keywords:
 Customer Relationship, Customer Satisfaction, Bank Services .


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73.    Verhoef, P. (2003), “Understanding the effect of customer relationship management efforts on customer retention and customer share development”, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 67, October, pp. 30-45.

74.    Walsh, S., Gilmore, A. and Carson, D. (2004), “Managing and implementing simultaneous transaction and relationship marketing”, International Journal of Bank Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 7, pp. 468-83.

75.    Ward, T., Frew, E. and Caldow, D. (1997), “An extended list of the dimensions of ‘relationship’ in consumer service product marketing: a pilot study”, American Marketing Association, Vol. 6, pp. 531-44.

76.    Webster, F.E. (1992), “The changing role of marketing in the corporation”, Journal of Marketing Vol. 56, October, pp. 1-17.

77.    Wilson, D.T. (1995), “An integrated model of buyer-seller relationships”, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 335-45.

78.    Wilson, D.T. (1995), “An integrated model of buyer-seller relationships”, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol. 23 No. 4, pp. 335-45.

79.    Wilson, J.S., Stocking, V.B. and Goldstein, D. (1995), “Gender differences in motivations for course selection: academically talented students in an intensive summer program”, Sex Roles, Vol. 31, pp. 349-0.

80.    Wong, A. and Sohal, A. (2003), “A critical incident approach to the examination of customer relationship management in a retail chain: an exploratory study”, Qualitative Market Research: an International Journal, Vol. 6 No. 4, pp. 248-62.

81.    Zineldin, M. (1998), “towards an ecological collaborative relationship management: a completive perspective”, European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 32 No. 11-12.

 

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6.

Authors:

Sachin G. Gaikwad, P.S. Swami, A. G.Thosar

Paper Title:

Comparison of Conventional and Fuzzy Logic Approach for DGA of EHV Transformer

Abstract:   this paper deals with Dissolved gas analysis (DGA) of Extra High Voltage (EHV) transformers. Dissolved gas analysis (DGA) is a commonly used diagnostic testing tool which gives valuable information about fault developed inside the transformer. Development of incipient fault inside the transformer causes decomposition of oil and generation of combustible hydrocarbon gases. Amount and type of gas generated depends upon nature of fault in transformer.IEC and IEEE standards specify various techniques for interpretation of DGA test results. These conventional techniques include various ratio analysis methods. Many times these techniques fail to detect fault in transformer.  This paper describes Fuzzy logic approach for interpretation of DGA test results. In this paper conventional and fuzzy logic method of DGA interpretation are implemented in MATLAB. DGA test data available for various EHV transformers is applied to fuzzy logic and conventional methods of DGA interpretation. Results obtained are compared with actual condition of transformer. Based on results obtained accuracy of fault detection for fuzzy logic method is calculated and compared with conventional interpretation methods.

Keywords:
 DGA, Duval triangle, Fuzzy logic, IEC ratio .


References:

1.     W. Flores, E. Mombello, J.A. Jardini, and G. Ratta,, “A Novel Algorithm for the Diagnostics of Power Transformers Using Type -2 Fuzzy Logic Systems”, IEEE Trans. Article 978-1-4244-1904-3/08 2008.2.     Kjani Guri,Sadik Latifaj,Lindita Latifaj,Avni Alidemaj, “The filtration process of power transformer” Article, International Journal of Pure and Applied Research in Engineering and Technology,2012,volume1(1):88-99.
3.     S.Qaedi, and S. Seyedtabaii, “Improvement in Power Transformer Intelligent Dissolved Gas Analysis Method”at World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 61, 2012.

4.     IEC 60599-1999:03 Standard, Mineral oil-impregnated electrical equipment in service – Guide to the interpretation of dissolved and free gases analysis.

5.     IS 10593:2006, Standard, Mineral oil-impregnated electrical equipment in service – Guide to the interpretation of dissolved and free gases analysis.
6.     IEEE Guide for the Interpretation of Gases Generated in Oil-Immersed Transformers, IEEE Std C57.10-2008.   
7.     Shriya Shah “Online Monitoring Of Transformer Health Using Fuzzy Logic Approach ”,Proceedings of SARC-IRAJ International Conference, 14th July 2013, Delhi, India, ISBN: 978-93-82702-21-4.

8.     Nitin K. Dhote, Jagdish B. Helonde, “ Fuzzy Algorithm for Power Transformer Diagnostics ”, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Advances in Fuzzy Systems, Volume 2013, Article ID 421621.

9.     Naveen Kumar Sharma , Prashant Kumar Tiwari , Yog Raj Sood “Review of Artificial Intelligence Techniques Application to Dissolved Gas Analysis on Power Transformer ”, International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 4, August 2011.

10.  Ahmed Abu-Siada , Sdood Hmood “Fuzzy Logic Approach
for Power Transformer Asset Management Based on Dissolved Gas-in-Oil Analysis”, Chemical Engineering Transactions,33,997-1002 DOI: 10.3303/CET1333167

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7.

Authors:

Maya Stefanova, Rozalina Chuturkova, Evgeni Sokolovski, Nina Ilieva, Tsenislav Vlaknenski

Paper Title:

Prognosis Modeling of Nitrous Oxide Emissions after Catalytic Reduction

Abstract:    The present research aims to assess the effect of increasing the thickness of a secondary catalyst layer for N2O emission reduction at a nitric acid plant in Devnya, Bulgaria upon the ambient air quality. A mathematical modeling is done for simulating the dispersion of N2O emissions from the plant into the ground atmospheric layer taking into account the specific topographic and meteorological conditions of the region. Separate graphic models are done illustrating the dispersion of N2O emissions at two main scenarios – at current thickness of the secondary catalyst layer of 60 mm and at future increase of the catalyst layer thickness to 90 mm. Modeling results indicate that under equivalent meteorological conditions the planned increase of the secondary catalyst layer thickness leads to 69 % reduction of the annual average N2O concentration in the atmosphere. Maximum N2O concentrations over specific periods of time (1 hour, 8 hours and 24 hours) are also reduced over 3 times within the outlines of the exposed areas. Research results provide prognosis on the impact of the increased thickness of the secondary catalyst layer as a measure for N2O emission reduction upon the ambient air quality of the source region. Prognosis modeling provides a tool for assessing the contribution of N2O emissions from nitric acid production to the overall greenhouse gas emissions in long-term future periods regarding the implementation of quantitative commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. 

Keywords:
   ambient air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, nitrous oxide, prognosis air dispersion modeling, secondary catalyst layer.

References:

1.           The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1998
2.           European Environment Agency. Annual European Union greenhouse gas inventory 1990 – 2012 and inventory report 2014. EEA Technical report No 9 / 2014, Copenhagen, 2014

3.           Ravishankara A. R., Daniel J. S., Portmann R. W. Nitrous oxide: The dominant ozone-depleting substance emitted in the 21st century. Sci., 326 (5949), 123-125, 2009

4.           Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2014 – synthesis report. Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC, Geneva, 2014

5.           Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment. Dutch notes on BAT for the production of nitric acid, The Hague, 1999

6.           Agency for Energy and the Environment. Reduction of nitrous oxide in the nitric acid industry. Novem, Utrecht (The Netherlands), 2001

7.           European Commission. Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control. Reference Document on BAT for the manufacture of large volume inorganic chemicals – ammonia, acids and fertilizers, 2007

8.           Stefanova M. Industrial methods for nitrous oxide emission reduction. Ecological Engineering and Environment Protection, 12 (3-4), 89-100, 2013 [In Bulgarian]

9.           Perez-Ramirez J., Kapteun F., Schoffel K., Moulijn J. A. Formation and control of N2O in nitric acid production. Where do we stand today? Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 44 (2), 117-151, 2003

10.        Komvokis V. G., Marti M., Delimitis A., Vasalos I. A., Triantafyllidis K. S. Catalytic decomposition of N2O over highly active supported Ru nanoparticles (≤3 nm)prepared by chemical reduction with ethylene glycol. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 103 (1–2), 62-71, 2011

11.        Dai C., Lei Z., Wang Y., Zhang R., Chen B. Transfer and reaction performances of selective catalytic reduction of N2O with CO over monolith catalysts. Chin. J. Chem. Eng., 21 (8), 835-843, 2013

12.        Dacquin J. P., Lancelot C., Dujardin C., Da Costa P., Djega-Mariadassou G., Beaunier P., Kaliaguine S., Vaudreuil S., Royer S., Granger P. Influence of preparation methods of LaCoO3 on the catalytic performances in the decomposition of N2O. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 91 (3), 596-604, 2009
13.        Wen B., Ma J. H., Chen C. C., Ma W. H., Zhu H. Y., Zhao J. C. Supported noble metal nanoparticles as photo/sono-catalysts for synthesis of chemicals and degradation of pollutants. Sci. China Chem., 54 (6), 887-897, 2011
14.        Haibo Zhou, Zhen Huang, Chao Sun, Feng Qin, Desheng Xiong, Wei Shen, Hualong Xu. Catalytic decomposition of N2O over CuxCe1―xOy mixed oxides. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 125, 492-498, 2012

15.        Amrousse R., Katsumi T. Substituted ferrite MxFe1 − xFe2O4 (M = Mn, Zn) catalysts for N2O catalytic decomposition processes. Catal. Commun., 26, 194-198, 2012

16.        Iwanek E., Krawczyk K., Petryk J., Sobczak J. W., Kaszkur Z. Direct nitrous oxide decomposition with CoOx-CeO2 catalysts. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 106 (3-4), 416-422, 2011

17.        Rico-Perez V., Parres-Esclapez S., Illan-Gomez M. J., De Lecea C. S. M., Bueno-Lopez A. Preparation, characterisation and N2O decomposition activity of honeycomb monolith-supported Rh/Ce0.9Pr0.1O2 catalysts. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 107 (1–2), 18-25, 2011

17.

18.        Pasha N., Lingaiah N., Reddy P. S. S., Prasad P. S. S. Direct decomposition of N2O over cesium-doped CuO catalysts. Catal. Lett., 127 (1-2), 101-106, 2009

19.        Amrousse R., Po-Jul Chang, Choklati A., Friche A., Rai M., Bachar A., Follet-Houttemane C., Hori K. Catalytic decomposition of N2O over Ni and Mg-Magnetite catalysts. Catal. Sci. Technol., 3, 2288-2294, 2013

20.        Haibo Zhou, Peilei Hu, Zhen Huang, Feng Qin, Wei Shen, Hualong Xu. Preparation of NiCe mixed oxides for catalytic decomposition of N2O. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 52 (12), 4504-4509, 2013

21.        Gao Y., Luan T., Lu T., Cheng K., Xu H. Performance of V2O5-WO3-MoO3/TiO2 catalyst for selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3. Chin. J. Chem. Eng., 21 (1), 1-7, 2013

22.        Amrousse R., Tsutsumi A., Bachar A., Lahcene D. N2O catalytic decomposition over nano-sized particles of Co-substituted Fe3O4 substrates. Appl. Catal. A-Gen., 450, 253-260, 2013

23.        Lei Zhigang, Long Aibin, Jia Meiru, Liu Xueyi. Experimental and kinetic study of selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 over CuO/Al2O3/Cordierite catalyst. Chin. J. Chem. Eng., 18 (5), 721-729, 2010

24.        Ma S. C., Jin X., Wang M. X., Jin Y. J., Yao J. J., Liu W. Experimental study on removing NO from flue gas using microwave irradiation over activated carbon carried catalyst. Sci. China Tech. Sci., 54, 3431-3436, 2011

25.        Stefanova M., Chuturkova R. Research of the efficiency of a secondary catalyst for nitrous oxide emission reduction at a nitric acid plant. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 23 (5), 1875-1880, 2014

26.        Stefanova M., Chuturkova R. Technical engineering for catalytic reduction of nitrous oxide emissions. GSTF Journal of Engineering Technology, 3 (2), 89, 2015

27.        Chuturkova R., Stefanova M. Assessment of the effect of nitrous oxide emissions from nitric acid production upon ambient air quality in Devnya region. Journal Scientific and Applied Research, 4, 163-170, 2013

28.        Stefanova M., Chuturkova R., Sokolovski E., Ilieva N. Dispersion modeling of nitrous oxide emissions from a nitric acid plant in Devnya region, Bulgaria. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 3 (5), 448-457, 2014

29.        Stefanova M., Chuturkova R. Catalytic reduction of nitrous oxide at a nitric acid plant in Bulgaria. Environ. Prot. Eng., 40 (3), 87-97, 2014

30.        Vallero D. A. Fundamentals of air pollution. Academic Press, Burlington, MA, USA, 2007

31.        Tinsley I. J. Chemical concepts in pollutant behavior. Willey, NJ, USA, 2004

32.        Kaur H. Environmental chemistry. Global Media, Meerut, IND, 2010

33.        Bhagi A. K., Chatwal G. R. Environmental chemistry. Global Media, Mumbai, IND, 2010

34.        Bailey R. A., Clark H. M., Ferris J. P. Chemistry of the environment. 2nd edition. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA, 03/2002

35.        Jadhav, H. V., Purohit S. H. Global pollution and environmental monitoring. Global Media, Mumbai, IND, 2008
36.        P. Kudesia V., Ritu Kudesia. Air pollution. Global Media, Meerut, IND, 2008
37.        Borrego C., Schayes G. Air Pollution modeling and its application. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Secaucus, NJ, USA, 2002

38.        Pandurangappa C., Lakshminarayanachari K. Mathematical model for an area source and the point source in an urban area. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 1 (1), 20-28, 2012

39.        Abdel Salam H. A. Prediction of pollutants emission dispersion of phosphate fertilizers production facility. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 2 (11), 306-311, 2013

40.        Report of the Conference of the Parties on its twentieth session, held in Lima from 1 to 14 December 2014. UN Office, Geneva (Switzerland), 2.2.2015

41.        Sinha P. K., Rajesh Kumar. Statistical analysis to investigate the possible impact of climate change on water availability in Letaba river of South Africa. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 3 (6), 41-51, 2015

42.        Vijaykumar Kulkarni, Pradip Katti. Policies and strategies for the improvement in energy efficiency in industries – Indian experience. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 2 (2), 159-163, 2013

 

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8.

Authors:

Aparna Raut, Kiran Sukal, Anushree Khedekar, Monika Mohimkar

Paper Title:

Secured Password Verification Captcha Using Visual Cryptography

Abstract:     With the advent of internet, various online attacks has been increased and among them the most popular attack is phishing. Phishing is an attempt by an individual or a group to get personal confidential information such as passwords, credit card information from unsuspecting victims for identity theft, financial gain and other fraudulent activities. We are using visual cryptography algorithm for separating privileges. The use of visual cryptography is explored to preserve the privacy of an image CAPTCHA by decomposing the original image CAPTCHA into two shares (known as sheets) that are stored in separate database servers(one with user and one with server such that the original image CAPTCHA can be revealed only when both are simultaneously available; the individual sheet images do not reveal the identity of the original image CAPTCHA. Once the original image CAPTCHA is revealed to the user it can be used as the password. of attacks.

Keywords:
    Visual Cryptography, SCD, DES, LSB.


References:

1.       Akash Mehara, Emon Vuess ,Enhanced Security in Cloud Computing(IEEE 2014)
2.       Divya James, Mintu Philip, A Novel Anti Phishing framework based on Visual Cryptography(IEEE 2014)

3.       Video Watermarking for Copyright protection using Scene Change Detection Algorithm(White Paper)
4.       Pik Wah Chan, Student Member, IEEE, Michael R. Lyu, Fellow, IEEE, and Ronald T. Chin, A Novel Scheme for Hybrid Digital Video Water-marking: Approach, Evaluation and Experimentation.

5.       Hamid Shojanazeri, Wan Azizum Wan Adnam, Sharifah Mumtadzah Syed Ahmed, Video Watermarking Techniques for Copyright Protection and Content Authentication (International Journal of CIS IMA 2013)

6.       Rini T Paul, Review of Robust Video Watermarking Techniques(NCCSE 2011)

7.       Gopika V Mane, G G Chiddarwar, Review Paper on Video Watermarking Techniques(International Journal of Scientific Research Publication,2013,April 2013)

 

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Volume-4 Issue-1

 

 Download Abstract Book

S. No

Volume-4 Issue-1, March 2015, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.

1.

Authors:

Valentin L. Velev, Anton N. Popov, Todor N. Dimov, Hristo Y. Hristov

Paper Title:

Structural Changes in Amorphous Poly (Ethylene Terephthalate) Fibers Caused by Combined Heat Mechanical Treatment

Abstract: The article submits new experimental data pertaining to the role of combined heat-mechanically treatments on the birefringence and degree of crystallinity of amorphous uncrystallized but crystallizable poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) filaments. The heat-mechanically treatments of the investigated objects as well as the optical measurements were realized by specialized installations designed and built in the author’s laboratories. Undrawn PET yarns were subjected on heat-mechanically modification at constant temperature of 900C above their glass transition temperature (Tg) combined with tensile stress with values from 0MPa to 30MPa. Birefringence measurements and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used in order to identify the occurred as a result of the heat mechanical processing the specimens’ structural evolution. The optical measurements were carried out using the so called “P-F-A” system involving polarization microscope and a CCD camera. It was established the influence of the superposition “annealing temperature/tensile stress” on the filaments birefringence as well as the dominant effect of the tensile load on the fibers degree of crystallinity.

Keywords:
birefringence, degree of crystallinity, fibers, poly (ethylene terephthalate), tensile stress.


References:

1.       R. B. Dupaix, and M. C. Boyce. (2005, June). Finite strain behavior of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and poly(ethylene terephthalate)-glycol (PETG). Polymer. 46 (13), 4827-4838. Available:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032386105004118.
2.       Stoyko Fakirov, Oriented Polymer Materials, Weinhaim, WILEY-VCH Verlag, 2002, p. 510.

3.       G. Antoniadis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, D. Bikiaris, and K. Chrissafis. (2009, August). Melt-crystallization mechanism of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/multi-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by in situ polymerization. Journal of Polymer Science Part B, Polymer Physics, 47(15),1452-1466.Available:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/polb.v47:15/issuetoc.

4.       X. F. Lu, and  J.N Hay. (2001, November). Isothermal crystallization kinetics and melting behaviour of poly(ethylene terephthalate). Polymer. 42 (23), 9423-9431. Available:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003238610100502X.

5.       A. Ziabicki, and L. Jarecki. (2007, July). Crystallization-controlled limitations of melt spinning. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 105(1), 215 – 223. Available:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.26121/abstra    ct?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false

6.       J. K. Keum, and  H. H. Song. (2005, January). Thermal deformations of oriented noncrystalline poly (ethylene terephthalate) fibers in the presence of mesophase structure, Polymer. 46(3), 939-945. AVAILABLE:HTTP://WWW.SCIENCEDIRECT.COM/SCIENCE/ARTICLE/PII/   S0032386104012376.

7.       G. Antoniadis, K.M. Paraskevopoulos, D. Bikiaris, and K. Chrissafis. (2010, October). Non-isothermal crystallization kinetic of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/fumed silica (PET/SiO2) prepared by in situ polymerization. Thermochimica Acta. 510 (1,2), 103-112.
AVAILABLE:HTTP://WWW.SCIENCEDIRECT.COM/SCIENCE/ARTICLE/PII/S0040603110002467.

8.       Rudolf, J. Geršak, and M. S. Smole. (2012). The effect of heat treatment conditions using the drawing process on the properties of PET filament sewing thread. Textile
Research Journal. 82(2), 161-171 Available: http://trj.sagepub.com/content/82/2/161.short.

9.       T. Dimov, V. Velev, I. Iliev, and Ch. D. Betchev. (2007). “Sigmoidal” temperature dependence of mechanically induced birefringence in polymers. Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials. 9(2), 275 – 277. Available: http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=18761984.

10.    M. Ren, Z. Zhang, S. Wu, J. Wei, and C. Xiao. (2006). Uniaxial orientation and crystallization behavior of amorphous poly (ethylene terephthalate) fibers. Journal of Polymer Research. 13, 9–15. Available:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10965-005-9005-y#page-1.V. Velev, T. Dimov, A. Popov,

11.    Y. Denev, H. Hristov, T. Angelov, K. Markova, M. Zagortcheva, N. Arhangelova, and N. Uzunov. (2010). Birefringence in heat-mechanical modified freshly moulded polyester fibers. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 253(1) 012026.  Available:http: http://iopscience.iop.org/1742-6596/253/1/012026.

12.    V.Velev, T. Dimov, A. Popov, and I. Iliev. (2009). Stress induced birefringence in as-spun polyester fibers. Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials – Symposia, 1(3), 563 – 565. Available:http://scholar.google.bg/scholar?start=30&q=Journal+of+Optoelectronics+and+Advanced+Materials+-+Symposia,+2009&hl=en&as_sdt=0,5&as_vis=1.

13.    R. S. Stein, and G. L. Wilkes. (1975). Structure and properties of oriented polymers. I. M. Ward (ed.). Ch.3. Physico-chemical approaches to the measurement of anisotropy. Available:http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-010-9803-8_3#page-1.

 

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2.

Authors:

Valentin Velev, Hristo Hristov, Anton Popov, Todor Dimov

Paper Title:

Deformation and Phase Behavior of Thermo-Mechanically Modified As-Spun Polyester Fibers

Abstract:  Thermo mechanically induced dimensional changes, birefringence and degree of crystallinity in amorphous poly (ethylene terephthalate) PET fibers were investigated. The heat mechanical treatments and optical measurements of the investigated filaments were performed by specialized devices constructed and made in the author’s laboratories. Undrawn PET yarns were subjected on heat mechanical modification at constant temperature of 950C above their glass transition temperature combined with tensile stress with values from 0MPa to 30MPa. Birefringence measurements and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used in order to identify the occurred structural changes. Was established the effect of the superposition “annealing temperature/tensile stress” on the filaments birefringence as well as the dominant role of the strain stress on the fibers degree of crystallinity. It was found correlation between the filaments deformation behavior and the crystallization process in the studied PET objects.

Keywords:
 birefringence, deformation behavior, degree of crystallinity, fibers, strain stress.


References:

1.       B. Kim, V. Koncar, E. Devaux, C. Dufour, and P. Viallier. (2004, October). Electrical and morphological properties of PP and PET conductive polymer fibers. Synthetic Metals. 146(2), 167–174. AVAILABLE:HTTP://WWW.SCIENCEDIRECT.COM/SCIENCE/ARTICLE/PII/S0379677904002735.
2.       G. Antoniadis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, D. Bikiaris, and K. Chrissafis. (2009, August). Melt-crystallization mechanism of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/multi-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by in situ polymerization. Journal of Polymer Science Part B, Polymer Physics. 47(15), 1452-1466.Available:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/polb.v47:15/issuetoc.

3.       Göschel U., Handbook of Thermoplastic Polymers: Homopolymers, Copolymers, Blends, and Composites. Ch. 6, WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, 2005.

4.       Rudolf, J. Geršak, and M. S. Smole. (2012, January). Textile Research Journal. 82 (2), 161-171. Available: http://trj.sagepub.com/content/82/2/161.abstract.

5.       L. V. Todorov,   J. C. Viana. (2008, April). Structure evolution of PET under step-wise and continuous deformation modes: the effect of stress relaxation on the strain-induced morphology. International Journal of Material Forming. 1 (1), 661-665. Available:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12289-008-0302-y#page-1.

6.       H. Aminoddin, R. R. Semnani, K. Bahareh. (2012, July/August). The effect of hot multistage drawing on molecular structure and optical propertyes of polyethylene terephthalate fibers. Materials Research. 15 (4), 554-560.AVAILABLE:HTTP://WWW.SCIELO.BR/SCIELO.PHP?PID=S1516-1439201200500  0076&SCRIPT=SCI_ARTTEXT.

7.       G. Antoniadis, K.M. Paraskevopoulos, D. Bikiaris, and K. Chrissafis. (2010, October). Non-isothermal crystallization kinetic of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/fumed silica (PET/SiO2) prepared by in situ polymerization. Thermochimica Acta. 510 (1,2), 103-112.
AVAILABLE:HTTP://WWW.SCIENCEDIRECT.COM/SCIENCE/ARTICLE/PII/S0040603110002467.

8.       T. Dimov, V. Velev, I. Iliev, and Ch. D. Betchev. 2007 Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials. 9(2), 275 – 277. Available: http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=18761984

9.       V. Velev, A. Popov, and B. Bogdanov. ”Heat – Mechanically Induced Structure Development in Undrawn Polyester Fibers” in Thermodynamics – Systems in Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium, J. C. Moreno-Pirajan, Ed. Rijeka: INTECH, 2011, 89-114.

10.    L. V. Todorov, C. I. Martins, and J. C. Viana. (2011, May). Structural development of poly(ethylene terephthalate) during uniaxial stretching above the glass-transition temperature: Study of the statistical influence of the stretching variables. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 120(3), 1253–1265.Available:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.33099/abstract.

11.    R. S. Stein, and G. L. Wilkes. (1975). Structure and properties of oriented polymers. I. M. Ward (ed.). Ch.3. Physico-chemical approaches to the measurement of anisotropy. Available:http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-010-9803-8_3#page-1.

12.    V.Velev, T. Dimov, A. Popov, and I. Iliev. (2009). Stress induced birefringence in as-spun polyester fibers. Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials – Symposia, 1(3), 563 – 565. Available:http://scholar.google.bg/scholar?start=30&q=Journal+of+Optoelectronics+and+Advanced+Materials+-+Symposia,+2009&hl=en&as_sdt=0,5&as_vis=1.

 

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3.

Authors:

Valentin Velev, Anton Popov, Hristo Hristov, Todor Dimov

Paper Title:

High Temperature Orientation Modification of Undrawn Polyester Filaments. Complex Influence of the Temperature and Tensile Stress

Abstract: In the present work the complex influence of the temperature and tensile stress on the deformation behavior, birefringence and degree of crystallinity of undrawn poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fibers was studied. Amorphous PET yarns were subjected on heat mechanical modification at constant temperatures in a narrow range above glass transition temperature from 80 0C to 95 0C combined with tensile stress with values from 0 MPa to 30 MPa. Birefringence measurements and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used in order to identify the occurred as a result of the heat mechanical processing structural changes in the samples. The fibers birefringence was measured using a specialized device that allows quick and precisely determination of the birefringence of complex objects such as polymer fibers and films. It is established the influence of the superposition annealing temperature/tensile stress on the filaments dimensional changes, birefringence and degree of crystallinity.

Keywords:
birefringence, deformation behavior, degree of crystallinity, filaments, tensile stress.


References:

1.     L. V. Todorov, and J. Viana. (2008, April) Structure evolution of PET under step-wise and continuous deformation modes: the effect of stress relaxation on the strain-induced morphology. International Journal of Material Forming. 1(1), 661-665. Available:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12289-008-0302-y#page-1.
2.     V. Velev, A. Popov, and B. Bogdanov. ”Heat – Mechanically Induced Structure Development in Undrawn Polyester Fibers” in Thermodynamics – Systems in Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium, J. C. Moreno-Pirajan, Ed.   Rijeka: INTECH, 2011, 89-114.

3.     L. V. Todorov, C. I. Martins, and J. C. Viana. (2012, April) Solid-state structural evolution of poly(ethylene terephthalate) during step uniaxial stretching from different initial morphologies: An in situ wide angle x-ray scattering study. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 124(1), 470–483.

4.     Available:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.34706/abstract.

5.     P. Desai, and A. S. Abhiraman. (1986, March). A unique deformation phenomenon in crystallizable polymers. Journal of Polymer Science Part C: Polymer Letters. 24
(3), 135–138. Available:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pol.1986.140240308/abstract.

6.     Ch. Betchev. (1995). On the Characterization by Shrinkage Forces of As-spun Poly(ethyleneterephthalate) Filaments. Polymer Testing. 14(2), 163 – 172. Available:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0142941895931957.

7.     Rudolf, J. Geršak, and M. S. Smole. (2012). The effect of heat treatment conditions using the drawing process on the properties of PET filament sewing thread. Textile Research Journal. 82(2), 161-171. Available:
http://trj.sagepub.com/content/82/2/161.short.
8.     Haji, and R. S. Rahbar. (2012). Structure evolution and mechanical behavior of poly (ethylene terephthalate) fibers drawn at different number of drawing stages. Chemical Industry & Chemical Engineering Quarterly. 18 (2), 233−243. Available:http://scholar.google.com/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=en&user=PSSwPPUAAAAJ&citation_for_view=PSSwPPUAAAAJ:Tyk-4Ss8FVUC.

9.     Ziabicki, and L. Jarecki. (2007, July). Crystallization-controlled limitations of melt spinning. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 105(1), 215 – 223. Available:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/app.26121/abstract.

10.  Karacan. (2005, July). An in Depth Study of Crystallinity, Crystallite Size and Orientation Measurements of a Selection of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Fibers. Fibers and Polymers. 6(3), 186-199. Available:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02875642#page-1.

11.  F. Hotter, J. A. Cuculo, P. A. Tucker, and B. K.  Annis. (1998, September). Effect of initial take-up speed on properties and structure of as-spun and drawn/heat-set poly(ethylene terephthalate) filaments. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 69(11), 2115–2131. Available:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/%28SICI%2910974628%2819980912%2969:11%3C2115::AID-APP3%3E3.0.CO;2-J/abstract.

12.  V. Velev, T. Dimov, A. Popov, and I. Iliev. (2009). Stress induced birefringence in as-spun polyester fibers. Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials – Symposia, 1(3), 563 – 565. Available:http://scholar.google.bg/scholar?start=30&q=Journal+of+Optoeectronics+and+Advanced+Materials+-+Symposia,+2009&hl=en&as_sdt=0,5&as_vis=1.

13.  R. Minqiao, Z. Zhiying, W. Shizhen, W. Jia, and C. Xiao. (2006) Uniaxial Orientation and Crystallization Behavior of Amorphous Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Fibers. Journal of Polymer Research. 13, 9–15. Available:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10965-005-9005-y#page-1.

14.  A. Ajji. (2004, January). A Technique for online biaxial birefringence measurements and its application. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting 20, 31-41. Available:http://www.referencerepository.com/homes/journalarticles/page:4/jrnl:Journal%20of%20Plastic%20Film%20and%20Sheeting.

 

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4.

Authors:

N. Uzunov, H. Hristov, V. Velev, N. Arhangelova, V. Bozadzhiev, D. Nedeva, I. Penev

Paper Title:

Assessment of Trap Parameters Related with Thermoluminescence Peaks in BGO Single Crystals Doped with Vanadium

Abstract:  Doped Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO) crystals possessing optical properties such as stimulated luminescence are largely exploited at present for many practical applications. We have conducted detailed studies on the thermally stimulated luminescence of some doped single crystals of BGO. Vanadium-doped (BGO:V) and ruthenium-doped (BGO:Ru) crystals have been grown in the Institute of Solid State Physics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. The crystals have been irradiated with UV light from XBO lamp. Glow curves from BGO:V and BGO: Ru have been acquired using a precise thermoluminescence reader designed in the Laboratory for Nuclear physics and radioecology at the University of Shumen. A computerized glow curve deconvolution method has been exploited to obtain trap parameters of the two crystals. Fading of the peaks for the two types of crystals has been studied for time periods as large as 20 days. No significant time-dependence in peak positions and other trap parameters have been observed so far. Applications of the crystals for beta- and gamma- dosimetric applications have been reviewed.

Keywords:
 Thermoluminescence, trap parameters, glow curve deconvolution, activation energy, doped BGO, in-situ-in-vivo dose measurements.


References:

1.          J. L. HUMM, A. ROSENFELD, A. DEL GUERRA, FROM PET DETECTORS TO PET     SCANNERS, EUR. J. NUCL. MED. MOL. IMAGING, VOL 30, NO 11 (2003), PP   1574 – 1597  AVAILABLE: HTTP://LINK.SPRINGER.COM/ARTICLE/10.1007/S00259-003-1266-2
2.          N. K. Doshi, R. W. Silverman, Y. Shao, S. H. Cherry, maxPET: a   dedicated mammary and axillary region PET imaging system for breast  cancer, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., Vol 48, (2001), pp 811 – 815 Available:  http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=940168&sortType%3Dasc_p_Sequence%26filter%3DAND%28p_IS_Number%3A20355%29           

3.          W. Enghardt, P. Crespo, F. Fiedler, R. Hinz, K. Parodi, J. Pawelke, F.  

4.          Ponish, 2004 Charged hadron tumour therapy monitoring by means of 

5.          PET, Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res., A 525 (2004), pp 284 – 288 
6.          Available:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168900204004218
7.          M. Tsuchimochi, H. Sakahara, K. Hayama, M. Funaki, R. Ohno, T. 

8.          Shirahata, T. Orskaug, G. Maehlum, K. Yoshioka, E,. Nyard, A  prototype small CdTe gamma camera for radioguided surgery and other

9.          imaging applications, Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging, Vol 30, No 12  

10.       (2003), pp 1605 – 1614 Available:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00259-003-1301-3

11.       L. Menard, Y. Charon, M. Solal, M. Ricard, P. Laniece, R. Mastrippolito, 

12.       L. Pinot, L. Valentin, Performance characterization and first clinical 

13.       evaluation of intra-operative compact gamma imager, IEEE Trans. Nucl.

14.       Sci., Vol. 46, No 6, (1999), pp 2068 – 2074 Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=819284&sortType%3Dasc_p_Sequence%26filter%3DAND%28p_IS_Number%3A17754%29

15.       N. Uzunov, M. Bello, P. Boccaccio, G. Moschini, G. Baldazzi, D. Bollini, 

16.       F. de  Notaristefani, U. Mazzi, M. Riondato, Performance  measurements of a high-spatial-resolution YAP camera, Phys. Med.

17.       Biol., 50 (2005), N11 – N21 Available: http://iopscience.iop.org/0031-9155/50/3/N01
18.       Position sensitive photomultiplier tubes with crossed wire anodes R2486 
19.       ser.  Hamamatsu Tech. Data, TPMH1206E01, Jul. 1998, Japan.

 

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5.

Authors:

M. H. Abdul Hadi, B. H. Ahmad, Z. Zakaria, N. A. Shairi

Paper Title:

High Isolation of Single Pole Single Throw Switch using Defected Ground Structure

Abstract:   In this paper, a high isolation of Single Pole Single Throw (SPST) switch using Defected Ground Structure (DGS) is proposed. A discrete PIN diode was used as switching element in the SPST switch design. First, the resonant frequency of the discrete PIN diode on DGS, which is based on mathematical modeling and circuit simulation is analyzed. The results showed that the resonant frequency of the discrete PIN diode on the DGS was shifted to higher frequency during ON state and was shifted to lower frequency during OFF state. Then, by realizing the SPST switch circuit using FR4 substrate in 1.5 GHz frequency band, the measured result clearly showed that high isolation (>30 dB) of the proposed SPST switch during OFF state was produced by using DGS compared to a SPST switch without DGS.

Keywords:
  defected ground structure (DGS), PIN diode, resonant frequency, isolation, RF switch, SPST switch.


References:

1.       P. Hindle, “The State of RF and Microwave Switches,” Microwave Journal, vol. 53, no. 11, p. 20, 2010.
2.       NXP Semiconductors, “High Performance RF for Wireless Infrastructure.” 2011.

3.       N. A. Shairi, B. H. Ahmad, and P. W. Wong, “Switchable Radial Stub Resonator for Isolation Improvement of SPDT Switch,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET), vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 460–467, 2013.

4.       N. A. Shairi, B. H. Ahmad, Z. Zakaria, and P. W. Wong, “Isolation improvement of SPDT discrete switch with single switchable open stub resonator at 2 GHz band,” in 2012 IEEE Symposium on Wireless Technology and Applications (ISWTA), 2012, pp. 51–55.

5.       M. G. Banciu, N. Militaru, and G. Lojewski, “Defected Ground Dual-Mode Resonators and Filters,” in 2007 IEEE 18th International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 2007, pp. 1–5.

6.       Z. Zakaria, N. A. Shairi, R. Sulaiman, and W. Y. Sam, “Design of Reconfigurable Defected Ground Structure (DGS) for UWB Application,” in Applied Electromagnetics (APACE), 2012 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on, 2012, pp. 195–198.

7.       S. M. Kang, J. H. Choi, K. H. Koo, and S. W. Nam, “A novel 5GHz and 2.4GHz Dual Band Transmitter using Microstrip Defected Ground Structure,” in IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, 2005., 2005, pp. 2259–2262.

8.       J.-S. Lim, S.-W. Lee, C.-S. Kim, J.-S. Park, D. Ahn, and S. Nam, “A 4:1 Unequal Wilkinson Power Divider,” IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 124–126, Mar. 2001.

9.       D.-W. Kim, “Small-Sized High-Power PIN Diode Switch with Defected Ground Structure for Wireless Broadband Internet,” ETRI Journal, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 84–86, 2006.

10.    N. A. Shairi, B. H. Ahmad, and M. . Z. A. Abdul Aziz, “SPDT Switch with Defected Ground Structure for Time Division Duplex Switching in Wireless Data Communication System,” in RF and Microwave Conference (RFM), 2011 IEEE International, 2011, no. December, pp. 238–241.

11.    N. Militaru, M. G. Banciu, C. a. Du u, L. Trupina, and G. Lojewski, “Compact Wireless Devices with Defected-Ground Structures,” in 2006 International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Communications (ICWMC’06), 2006, p. 85.

12.    C.-S. Kim, J. Park, D. Ahn, and J.-B. Lim, “A Novel 1-D Periodic Defected Ground Structure for Planar Circuits,” Microwave and Guided Wave Letters, IEEE, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 131–133, 2000.

13.    D. Ahn, C.-S. Kim, G.-Y. Kim, and J. Park, “Effects of a Lumped Element on Defected Ground Structures,” in Microwave Conference, 2000. 30th European, 2000, pp. 1–4.

14.    J. Kim, J.-S. Lim, K. Kim, and D. Ahn, “Effects of a Lumped Element on DGS with Islands,” in Microwave Symposium Digest, 2006. IEEE MTT-S International, 2006, no. 1, pp. 1145–1148.

15.    M. H. Abdul Hadi, B. H. Ahmad, P. W. Wong, and N. A. Shairi, “An Overview of Isolation Improvement Techniques,” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 342–348, 2014.

16.    David M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, 3rd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.

17.    L. H. Weng, Y. C. Guo, X. W. Shi, and X. Q. Chen, “An Overview on Defected Ground Structure,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, vol. 7, pp. 173–189,
2008.

18.    D. Ahn, J.-S. Park, C.-S. Kim, J. Kim, Y. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A Design of The Low-Pass Filter using The Novel Microstrip Defected Ground Structure,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 86–93, 2001.
19.    Elboushi, O. M. Haraz, A. Sebak, and T. Denidni, “Triangular shaped power divider for C-band operation using Defected Ground Structure (DGS),” in 2010 14th International Symposium on Antenna Technology and Applied Electromagnetics & the American Electromagnetics Conference, 2010, pp. 1–4.
20.    Y. Hajilou, H. R. Hassani, and B. Rahmati, “Introducing a Novel Defected Ground Structure for Microstrip Applications,” in Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP),2013 7th European Conference on, 2013, no. 0, pp. 3472 – 3475.

21.    B. H. Ahmad, M. M. Ariffin, H. Nornikman, N. M. S. Roslan, M. Z. A. Abdul Aziz, M. A. Atiqa, A. Ayuni, Y. W. Ming, and Y. P. Yin, “Parametric Study on the Compact G- Shaped Monopole Antenna for 2 . 4 GHz and,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET), vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 512–518, 2013.

22.    X. Liao, H. Yang, and N. Han, “An Improved Dual Band-Notched UWB Antenna with a Parasitic Strip and a Defected Ground Plane,” in 2010 International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication Systems, 2010, pp. 1–4.

23.    H. Nornikman, B. H. Ahmad, M. Z. A. Abdul Aziz, M. R. Kamarudin, and A. R. Othman, “Effect of Spiral Split Ring Resonator (S-SRR) Structure on Truncated Pyramidal Microwave Absorber Design,” in Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 2012 International Symposium on, 2012, pp. 1188 – 1191.

24.    M. H. Abdul Hadi, B. H. Ahmad, N. A. Shairi, and P. W. Wong, “Effect of a Discrete PIN Diode on Defected Ground Structure,” in Wireless Technology and Applications (ISWTA), 2013 IEEE Symposium on, 2013, pp. 333–337.

25.    N. A. Shairi, B. H. Ahmad, M. K. Zahari, and P. W. Wong, “The potential application of switchable matched parallel-coupled stub resonator in SPDT discrete switch design,” in Applied Electromagnetics (APACE), 2012 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on, 2012, pp. 372–376.

26.    Y. Tsukahara, H. Amasuga, S. Goto, T. Oku, and T. Ishikawa, “60GHz High Isolation SPDT MMIC Switches using Shunt pHEMT Resonator,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, 2008, pp. 1541–1544.

27.    X. Yongxuan, S. Donglin, and L. Shen, “A Novel Compact Defected Ground Structure with Cross-Finger Gap,” in Electromagnetic Compatibility, 2007. EMC 2007. International Symposium on, 2007, pp. 358 – 360.
28.    J. Wang, H. Ning, and L. Mao, “A Compact Reconfigurable Bandstop Resonator Using Defected Ground Structure on Coplanar Waveguide,” Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE, vol. 11, pp. 457–459, 2012.
29.    D. B. Schlieter and R. M. Henderson, “Silicon Integrated Defected Ground Structures,” in Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems (SiRF), 2010 Topical Meeting on, 2010, pp. 92–95.

30.    Y. Ye, J.-Z. Gu, R. Qian, and X.-W. Sun, “Frequency Response Enhancement of Spiral Inductor’s Q-Factor by Adopting Defected Ground Structure in Standard CMOS Process,” in 2012 IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium, 2012, pp. 539–542.

31.    K.-N. Cheah, “Simplify ATE Development and Measurements,” in 2013 IEEE Autotestcon, 2013, pp. 1–4.

32.    C. C. Lim and N. A. Shairi, “The Development and Challenges of Millimeter Wave Test System for Package Level,” in Applied Electromagnetics (APACE), 2007 IEEEAsia-Pacific Conference on, 2007, pp. 1–5.

33.    N. Forcier, “RF/Microwave Switch Considerations,” in 2008 IEEE Autotestcon, 2008, pp. 484–489.

34.    B. J. Mohammed, A. M. Abbosh, S. Mustafa, and D. Ireland, “Microwave System for Head Imaging,” IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 117–123, Jan. 2014.

35.    S. Kharkovsky, K. Kam, M. T. Ghasr, A. D. McClanahan, M. A. Abou-Khousa, R. Zoughi, and I. Perez, “Microwave Resonant Switched-Slot Probe with Perpendicular Coaxial Feed,” in 2010 IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, 2010, pp. 1299–1303.
36.    N. A. Shairi, T. A. Rahman, and M. . Z. A. Abdul Aziz, “RF Transmitter System Design for Wireless Local Area Network Bridge at 5725 to 5825 MHz Wireless,” in Computer and Communication Engineering, 2008. ICCCE 2008. International Conference on, 2008, pp. 109 – 112.
37.    K. Kawai, H. Okazaki, and S. Narahashi, “Multi-Mode RF Front-End Circuit,” in Microwave Conference (EuMC), 2011 41st European, 2011, pp. 222 – 225.

38.    J. S. Mandeep and C. C. Lim, “Design A SPDT Switch For WiMAX,” Microwaves and RF, no. Lc, pp. 1–4, Dec-2010.

 

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6.

Authors:

Chirag A Panchal, D.C. Gosai

Paper Title:

Case Study: TO Improve The Performance of Bajaj Kawasaki 4-S Auto Vehicle

Abstract: Energy conservation and efficiency have always been the quest of engineers concerned with internal combustion engines. Energy crisis has been matter of concern to all over the world and it is better understood by more and more energy users. Almost 90% of energy needs of the world are provided by fossil fuels which are depleting at an alarming rate. The efficiency of most commercially IC engine ranges from 38% to 42%. Therefore, between 58% and 62% of the fuel energy content is lost in the form of west heat. Approximately 30% is retained in the exhaust gas and the reminder is removed by the cooling etc. More than 55% of the energy which is produced during the combustion process is removed by cooling water/air and through the exhaust gas. Recently much attention have been focused on achieving higher efficiency by reducing energy loss to coolant during the power stroke of the cycle. Experimental effect appears on actual practice of Bajaj Kawasaki 4-S champion two wheeler. By doing different maintenance case, it focuses that 18.22% increase in fuel efficiency and exhaust emission also improves.

Keywords:
fuel efficiency, emission, average, Bajaj Kawasaki 4-s champion bike


References:

1.    http:// simple.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy conservation
2.    Auto India magazines, june 2005, pp14-18.

3.    Motor India Motor India journal of the automobile industry & trade, sept. 2005 pp 5

4.    service booklet & owner’s technical manual of Kawasaki 4s champion bike.

5.    K.M.Gupta “Automobile engineering”, Vol – II, pp372-374.

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7.

Authors:

H.  Hristov, V. Velev, N. Arhangelova, V. Bozadzhiev, N. Uzunov

Paper Title:

On the Possibility to Measure Solar Ultraviolet Emission Using the Thermo Luminescence of Specific Crystals

Abstract:  A search for crystals capable to produce thermoluminescent glow curves after irradiation with ultraviolet (UV) light has been conducted. It has been found that ruthenium-doped crystal of Bi4Ge3O12 (BGO:Ru) posseses suitable properties such as: long enough fading, good sensitivity towards UV emission, and hence could be a good candidate for direct measurement of the solar UV emission. A portable device for measuring the total and the UV solar light emission has been constructed in order to obtain quantitative values about the total and the partial UV energy absorbed by the crystals. Quantitative values for the principle thermoluminescent glow curves of BGO:Ru have been obtained for diurnal direct solar irradiation. It has been demonstrated that the intensity of the TL glow-curve peaks for exposures made at equal daytime intervals changes according Beer’s law for the attenuation of UV in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Keywords:
Thermoluminescence, solar ultraviolet emission, actinometer, glow curve analysis


References:

1.    C. M. H. Driscol, Fundamental Aspects of TLD Materials, in Practical Aspects of Thermoluminescent Dosimetry (ed. A. P. Hulton), CRS -43, London: HPA , 1984.
2.    F. Wu, Z. Zha, J. Li. Z. Zhu, LiF (Mg, Cu, P) thin dosimeter for skin dose measurement, Rad. Prot. Dosim., 33, (1990), 331-334.
3.    http://rpd.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/1-4/331.abstract.

4.    M. Ranogajec-Komor, Thermoluminescence Dosimetry – Application in environmental monitoring, Radiation Safety Management, Vol. 2, No 1 (2003), 2-16.

5.    Liritzis, P. Guibert, F. Foti, M. Schvoerer, Solar Bleaching of thermoluminescence of calcites, Nucl. Inst. in Phys. Research, B 117 (1996), 260 – 268.

6.    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0168583X96003059

7.    S. W. S. McKeever, M. Moscowitch, P. D. Townsend, Thermoluminescence dosimetry materials: properties and uses, Nuclear Technology Publishing, Ashford, UK, (1995)

8.    W. C. Hsieh, C. S. Su, UV induced thermoluminescence in ZrO2 doped by Er2O3 , Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 27 (1994), 1763 – 1768.

9.    http://iopscience.iop.org/0022-3727/27/8/027.

10. C. S. Su, S. M. Yeh, UV Attenuation coefficient in water determined by thermoluminescent detector, Radiation Measurements, Vol. 26, No 1, (1995), 83 – 86. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/1350448795002847.

 

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8.

Authors:

Hristo Y. Hristov, Valentin L. Velev, Nikolay M. Uzunov

Paper Title:

Feasibility Studies of EU+LI Co-Doped GD2O3 as a Thermo Luminescence Detector for UV Emission

Abstract:  We have already  studied  the possibility  to apply some  sintered  crystals  such  as ZrO2 doped  with Er and Li as appropriate  detectors  for  ultra-violet (UV) light. The detection of  the (UV) irradiation  exploits  the thermoluminescence  (TL) emission  of some crystals (phosphors) after being exposed  to W  irradiation with  wavelength in the interval  of 280nm – 360nm.  It turned out that such  crystals are  easy to create and their TL glow cuvres  possess  well-shaped  peaks with  sufficient  statistical data. In  this article  we present  the  results of our research toward  the creation  of netu  sintered  crystals,  sensible  to  the W emission.  Analysis  of  the  thermoluminescence  properties  of Gd,O3,  doped  with Eu and Li has been  conducted.  Different quantities of  lithium co-dopant  have been  added  as Li2CO3 to a mixture  of Gd2O3 with 10 wt% Eu2O3.  Pellets sintered at a temperature  of  10000C have been prepared and  the kinetic parameters of  the phosphors have been  studied  after irradiation  with W light from  a XBO  lamp.  It has been  shown  that the addition of  16 wt% Li2CO3of  to the mixture  of Gd2O3 with 10% Eu2O3 yields a maximum intensity  of  the peaks  at 870C and at 1450C.  Spectral  emission  and  spectral sensitivity of the phosphors  have been studied.  The analysis  applied  to TL glow  curves,  obtained  from the UV irradiated phosphors  and kept after the  irradiation  at different  times  in a dark storage, revealed  that the peaks  have and relatively  long  fading. Analysis of  the thermoluminescence  properties of  the phosphors  obtained  from Gd2O3,  doped with Eu and Li, shows that  the  possess  a good  sensitivity  to  the UV emission and could  be used for quantitative  measurements of UV light.

Keywords:
thermoluminescence, UV irradiation, UV detector , fading,  glow curves


References:

1.    Y.Hatayama, S. Fukumoto, S. Ibuki,“Photo¬ luminescence on Li-codoped ZnS:Tm phosphor”, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31,    3383 – 3388,1992
2.    M. Prokic, “Effect of Lithium co-dopant on thethermoluminescence   response of some phosphors”,Appl. Rad. and Isotopes, 52, 97 – 103, 2000

3.    H. Hristov, N. Arhangelova, I. Penev, M. Bello, G. Moschini, N. Uzunov, “Influence of lithium co-dopant on the UV-stimulated thermoluminescence of erbium- doped
zirconium dioxide”, Journ. of Optoelectronics and   Advanced Materials, ISSN 14544164,Vol.12,Issue 4, 892 – 894, 2010

4.    W. C. Hsieh, C.S. Su, “UV induced thermo¬ luminescence in Zr02 doped by    Er203, ”Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 27,1763 — 1768 1994

5.    H. Y. Hristov, N. Arhangelova, I. Penev, N. Uzunov, “A setup for  thermoluminescence analysis of crystals”, Annual of Konstantin Preslavsld    University, Shumen, Vol. XVIII B 1, 30 – 38, 2008

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9.

Authors:

V. Velev, H. Hristov, A. Popov, Betchev

Paper Title:

Calorimetric Studies of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) Fibers. Cold Crystallization Kinetics

Abstract:   Using Tian – Calvet differential calorimetry the cold crystallization kinetics at isothermal conditions of amorphous as-spun poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) filaments has been investigated. The Avrami’s equation was applied for analysis of the obtained experimental data. It has been shown that the mechanical impact significantly influences the process of the samples crystallization. Has been studied and the influence of linear density on the objects crystallization kinetics. It was suggested that poly (ethylene terephthalate) fibers crystallizes one-, and two-dimensionally from preexisting nuclei. These results are in accordance with the assumption of the quasi-crystallization centers existing in the amorphous PET, formed during the fibers spinning.

Keywords:
 poly (ethylene terephthalate), filaments, Tian – Calvet calorimetry, crystallization kinetics, Avrami’s equation.


References:

1.    D. R. Salem, Structure Formation in Polymeric Fibers, Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 580, 2001. Available:http://www.gettextbooks.com.bz/search/?isbn=David+A+Hanser&pg=2.
2.    H. H.A. Hergeth, Synthetic Fibers, Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 904, 1999. Available: http://www.scribd.com/doc/47414580/Synthetic-Fibers#scribd.

3.    Van der Meer D.W., Structure-Property Relationships in Isotactic Polypropylene, Ph. D. thesis, Twente University Press,  2003; Available: http://doc.utwente.nl/40660/1/t000004f.pdf.

4.    S Ran, Z Wang, C Burger, B Chu, BS Hsiao, Mesophase as the Precursor for Strain-Induced Crystallization in Amorphous Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Film, Macromolecules, 35 (27), pp 10102–10107, 2002; Available: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ma021252i.

 

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10.

Authors:

K. Gyurova, I. Petrova, A. Popov, V. Velev, H. Hristov, T. Angelov

Paper Title:

Determination of the Phase Transitions Enthalpy and the Polymers Degree of Crystallinity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry. Effects of the Calibration and Experimental Conditions

Abstract: By using of thermal analyzer STA 449 F3 Jupiter (NETZSCH – Germany), the effects of the calibration and experimental conditions on the enthalpy values of the polymorphous transitions and melting of КNO3 were studied. The melting enthalpy and the degree of crystallinity of poly(ethylene oxide)(PEO) used as a solutions  model for DSC analyses have been investigated. Similar data were obtained for a number of commercial crystallizing polymers (PP 6631, Hostaflon 1502, etc.). The thermo physical characteristics obtained by several types of DSC calibration by enthalpy curves are discussed. Were varied different experimental conditions and namely: heating rate – 5, 10 and 20 deg/min; crucibles – corundum or platinum; gaseous medium – air (static) or nitrogen (flowing at rate of 20 ml/min). Certain dependencies of the direction and degree of change of the studied characteristics from the calibration and experimental conditions were found, as well as for the temperature interval of the transformation.

Keywords:
DSC, experimental conditions, phase transition enthalpy, calibration.


References:

1.       V. Mathot, M. Pyda, T. Pijpers, G. V. Poel, E. Kerkhof, S. Herwaarden, F. Herwaarden, and A. Leenaers, The Flash DSC 1, a power compensation twin-type, chip-based fast scanning calorimeter (FSC): First findings on polymers, Thermochimica Acta, Vol. 522 (1-2), 2011, pp. 36-45.
2.       Available:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040603111001353.

3.       Sergey Vyazovkin, Nicolas Sbirrazzuoli, Mechanism and Kinetics of Epoxy−Amine Cure Studied by Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Macromolecules, 1996, 29 (6), pp 1867–1873. Available: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ma951162w.

4.       Oriented Polymer Materials, Stoyko Fakirov (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons, p. 534,  Sep 26, 2008. Available:http://www.google.bg/books?id=BDSORq-a5q4C&dq=Oriented+polymer+materials,+St.+Fakirov&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s

5.       Y. Furushima, M. Nakada, H. Takahashi, and K. Ishikiriyama, Study of melting and crystallization behavior of polyacrylonitrile using ultrafast differential scanning calorimetry, Polymer, Vol.55 (13), June 2014, pp. 3075–3081. Available:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032386114003929.

6.       Popov, B. Bogdanov, I. Petrova, K. Gyurova, N. Nedelchev, and V. Velev. Thermal studies on polycaprolactam, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol.111(2) pp.1539-1544, 2013. Available:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10973-012-2496-y.

7.       W. Wendlandt. Thermal methods of analysis, John Wiley & Sons Ins., New York, 1974.  Available:http://www.bcin.ca/Interface/openbcin.cgi?submit=submit&Chinkey=56419.

8.       G. D. Gatta, M. Richardson, S. Sarge, and S. Stølen. Standards, Calibration, and Guidelines in microcalorimetry Part 2. Calibration standards for differential scanning calorimetry. (UPAC Technical Report), Pure Appl. Chem., 2006;78; 7, 1455-1476. Available:http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/pac.2006.78.issue
7/pac200678071455/pac200678071455.xml.

9.       V. A. Bershteĭn, and V. M. Egorov. Differential Scanning Calorimetry of Plymers, Ellis Horwood, 1994, 253. Available:http://books.google.bg/books/about/Differential_Scanning_Calorimetry_of_Pol.html?id=ZNuZzBYfgngC&redir_esc=y.

10.    G. Höhne, ‎W. Hemminger, ‎and H.-J. Flammersheim. Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Springer Science & Business Media, July , 2003, p. 298.   Available:https://books.google.bg/books?isbn=354000467X.

11.    W. Hemminger, and H. K. Cammenga. Methoden der Thermischen Analyse, Springer-Verlag, Berlin /Heidelberg /New York /London /Paris /Tokyo, 1989. A Available: www.springer.com/us/book/9783642701764.

12.    C. A. Nieto De Castro, M. J. V. Lourenco, and M.O. Sampaio. Calibration of a DSC; its importance for the traceability and uncertainty of thermal measurements, Thermochimica Acta 2000; vol. 347(1-2), pp. 85-91. Available: www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00406031/347.
13.    J. Reichelt, and W. Hemminger. Unexpected problems in the calibration of heat-flux differential scanning calorimeters, Thermochimica Acta, 1983; 69(1-2), pp. 59-70. Available:www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0040603183850679.
14.    S. A. Malik, L. Wang, M. A. Page, F. Biddlestone, and G. F. Fernando. Deformation of sample pans used in differential scanning calorimeters, J. Thermal Anal. and Calorim., publiched online: 02. July, 2011. Available:www.researchgate.net/profile/Gerard_Fernando3/publications.

15.    V.A. Drebushak. Calibration coefficient of a heat-flow DSC part 1. Relation to the sensitivity of a thermocouple, J. of Thermal Anal. and Calorimetry, 2004, 76(3), pp. 941-947. Available:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/B:JTAN.0000032279.21790.f6#page-1.

16.    C. I. Braga, M. C. Rezende, and M. L. Costa. Methodology for DSC calibration in high heating rates, J. Aerosp.Technol. Manag., São José dos Campos, May-Aug., 2011, vol. 3(2), pp179-192.  Available:http://www.jatm.com.br/papers/vol3_n2/JATMv3n2_p179-192_Methodology_for_DSC_calibration_in_high_heating_rates.pdf.

17.    B. Wunderlich, Macromolecular physics, New York: Academic Press, 1984; 3.Available:http://www.amazon.com/Macromolecular-Physics-Volume-Crystal-Melting/dp/0127656030#reader_0127656030.

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11.

Authors:

D. C. Gosai, H. J. Nagarsheth

Paper Title:

Evaluation of Engine Performance and Exhaust Emission Characteristics of Copper Coated Diesel Engine

Abstract:  The energy crises and environmental pollution have promoted to use one of the concept of adiabatic engine with catalyst coated combustion chamber of internal combustion engine.[5] The concept of catalytic combustion in direct injection diesel engines has been adopted by various researchers which improve exhaust emissions due to oxidation of fuels by aid of catalyst. To achieve the present requirement of the automotive industries there is continues research to improve performance, exhaust emission and life of the internal combustion (I.C.) engine. The recent research has been focused on the reduction of diesel engine pollutions due to strict emission regulations. [6]   Which  directly affected to human and environments. The present investigation has been made to study mainly emission characteristics of copper coated diesel engine and performance evaluation. An experimental investigation is carried out on twin cylinder, water cool, 1500 RPM constant speed type vertical diesel engine. The cylinder heads surfaces, engine pistons top surfaces and engine valves surfaces were coated with copper material by electroplating processes with 400 microns thickness. The diesel engine combustion chamber inner walls insulated by electroplating copper coating. The performance and exhaust emission were compared with base engine and without copper coated diesel engine. The results strongly indicate that slightly improvement on performance and better improvement of exhaust emission. It is observed that the reduction in NOx and smoke level for Copper catalyst coated combustion chamber. It is also indicate that to change the coating technology and adopt, bimetallic ceramic thermal barrier coating (TBC) concept.

Keywords:
Efficiency, emission, TBC, Copper, Catalyst


References:

1.       Modi, A. , “Experimental Study of Energy Balance in Low Heat Rejection Diesel Engine,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-0389,2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-0389.
2.       Modi A. J., Gosai D.C., “Experimental Analysis of Performance of Low Heat Rejection (LHR) Diesel Engine”, International Journal of Advances in Thermal Science and Engineering, June 2010, Vol. 1 (1), pp.17-25,.

3.       A.P.Sathiyagnanm, C.G.sarvanan and S. Dhandapani, “ Effect of thermal barrier coating plus fuel additive for reducing emission from Di diesel engine”, Proceeding of the world congress on engineering, June 2010, Vol. III.

4.       Muhammet Cerit, Mehmet Coban “Temperature and thermal stress analyses of a ceramic coated aluminum alloys piston use in a diesel engine” International Journal of thermal sciences, 77, 2014, pp11-18.

5.       J. B. Heywood “Internal combustion engine fundamentals” New York, Mcgraw-Hill, 1988.

6.       S. Narasimha Kumar, “Experimental investigation of two stroke copper coated spark ignition engine withgasoline and gasohol”, International Journal of emerging Science and Engineering, ISSN: 2319-6378, March 2014, Vol. 2, Issue-5, pp.1-7.

7.       Ch.Kesava Reddy, “Control of oxides of nitrogen emissions from high grade low heat rejection diesel engine with crude pongamia oil by catalytic reduction” IJASETR, ISSN:1839-7239, April-2014, Vol.1, Issue-2, pp.10-25,.

8.       Md. Nurun Nabi., “Theorital investigation of engine thermal efficiency, adiabatic flame temperature, NOx emission and combustion related parameters for different oxygenated fuels”, Applied thermal engineering, 30, 2010, pp839-844.

9.       Adnan Parlak, “The effect of injection timing on NOx emissions of low heat rejection diesel injection engine”, Applied thermal engineering, 25, 2005, pp3042-3052.

10.    Ekren Buyukkaya, Muhammet Cerit, “Experimental study of NOx emission and injection timing of a low heat rejection diesel engine”, International Journal of thermal science, 47, 2008, pp1096-11106,.

11.    Dr. Ibtihan Al-Namie, “Study the effect of ceramic coating on the performance and emission of diesel engine”, Journal of engineering,Number 8, august 2012, Vol.18,pp935-942,august 2012.

12.    P.N. Shrirao, A.N.Power, “ Evaluation of performance and emission characteristics of turbocharged diesel engine with mullite as thermal barrier coating”, International Journal of Engineering and technology,3, 2011, Vol. 3,pp256-265,.

13.    R Ganapathi, “Performance evaluation of ceramic coated with air insulated four stroke diesel engine”, International Journal of current Engineering and technology, No.5, December 2013, Vol. 3, pp1858-1862.

14.    Murthy P.V.K., “Performance Evaluation of Low heat rejection diesel engine with pure diesel”, ”, International Journal of applied Engineering research dindigul,3, 2010, Vol. 1,pp428-451,

 

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12.

Authors:

Prabhmeet Singh, K. K. Jain, R. K. Dave, Pooja Tiwari

Paper Title:

Comparison of Performance of Different Profiles of Fins using Thermal Analysis

Abstract:   In this paper different profiles of fins were considered for thermal analysis (Rectangular, Triangular and helical)in an IC engine. The models were constructed of same dimensions and only outer profiles were changed using CATIA were made rectangular, tapered and helical .The boundary conditions were set up using Ansys .The main aim of this work is to study the steady state temperature distribution in Fins and to improve the heat transfer rate .In this paper we have also considered helical profile at various angle for heat transfer and temperature distribution. 

Keywords:
Ansys, CATIA, Heat Transfer, Fins.


References:

1.       Proc. of Int. Conf. on Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2011Comparative Study Of Thermal Stress Distributions In
2.       Fins Operating At High Temperature For Different Profiles And Materials Prajesh Paul1, Ram C Sharma.

3.       Aziz and T. Fang, “Thermal analysis of an annular fin with Simultaneously imposed bas temperature and base heat flux and Fixed base and tip temperatures”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 52, pp. 2467-2478, 2011. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science,Engineering and Technology Pardeep Singh, Harvinder lal, Baljit Singh Ubhi.

4.       Modelling and Simulation of  engine cylinder fins by using FEA(IJRASET),B,ARUNKUMAR,S PRATAP.

5.       Heat Transfer Analysis and Optimization of Engine Cylinder Fins of Varying Geometry and Material G. Babu, M.Lavakumar, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE).

6.       Review Paper on Effect of Cylinder Block Fin Geometry on Heat Transfer Rate of Air-Cooled 4S SI Engine Prof. Arvind S.Sorathiya1, Ashishkumar N. Parmar2, Prof. (Dr.) Pravin P. Rathod.

7.       DESIGN MODIFICATION AND ANALYSIS OF TWO WHEELER COOLING FINS-A REVIEW Mohsin A. Ali1, Prof. (Dr.) S.M Kherde, International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

8.       G.Raju, Dr. BhramaraPanitapu, S. C. V. RamanaMurty Naidu. “Optimal Design of an I C engine cylinder fin array using a binary coded genetic algorithm”. International journal of Modern Engineering Research. ISSN 2249-6645,Vol. 2 Issue.6, Nov-Dec.(2012),pp.4516-4520.

9.       V. GANESAN, (2008). I C Engines, McGraw-Hill Education (India) PVT Limited.

10.    R. K. Rajput, (2007). Heat & Mass Transfer (M.E.), S. Chand.S. Wange and R. Metkar (2013). “Computational Analysis ofInverted Notched Fin Arrays Dissipating Heat by Natural Convection.” International Journal of Engineering and InnovativeTechnology (IJEIT) .

11.    N.Nagarani and K. Mayilsamy (2010). “EXPERIMENTAL HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS ON ANNULAR CIRCULAR ANDELLIPTICAL FINS.” International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology 2(7): 2839-2845.

 

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13.

Authors:

Vinay M. Murgod, S. Shivkumar, Anupama N. Kallol, Roopa N. Rao, Sharachandra Kusugal

Paper Title:

Analysis for PH Meter Cover

Abstract: In development of a plastic injection mold, the goal of the designer is to achieve an optimal mold design with minimum material wastage and time per cycle, yet produces the product without defects and blemishes. To design the mold, the designer can vary the mold design by manipulate the shape of the part and also the runner and the gate locations. As a consequences of the cost involved in mold manufacture is very expensive, trial-and error experimentation in the design of the mold is not economical. To permeate this problem, the use of Computer aided design (CAD) or Computer aided engineering (CAE) application assisted in design and establishes the most optimal mold gating system. This research was conducted for implementing the use of CAD/CAE tools to produce an optimal mold gating design using Pro/E and Moldflow® applications. The application tremendously assist the designer in resolve the mold with best gating location in producing an automotive plastic part with low defects, fast time-cycle and the most important factor is to reduce the manufacturing cost

Keywords:
Computer aided design (CAD); Computer aided engineering (CAE). Mould flow, Plastic Mould.


References:

1.       Kalpakjian S. and Schmid S.R., “Manufacturing Engineering and Technology,”  Prentice Hall, New Jersey. (2006).
2.       H.S. Lim, J.S. Son, Y.T. Im, “Gate location design in injection moulding of and automobile junction box with integral hinges”, J. Mat. Pro. Tech. ELSEVIER 140 (2003) 110-115.

3.       W.G. Ryim, Y.I. Kim, S.K. Chang, “A systematic optimization of gate location and processing conditions in injection moulding”, J. Appl. Mech. Trans. ASME 227 (1997) 111-120.

4.       Y.C. Lam, S. Jin, “Optimization of the gate location for plastic injection molding”, J. Inj. Mold. Tech. 5 (2001) 180-192.

5.       S.S.S. Imihezri, S.M. Sapuan, S. Sulaiman, et., “Mould flow and component design analysis of polymeric based composite automotive clutch pedals”J. Mat. Pro. Tech. ELSEVIER 171 (2006) 358-365.

6.       JagannathYammada,Terrence L. Chambers, Suren N. Dwivedi. Intelligent Tool for Plastic Injection Mold design. Volume 7 Issue 2 (2004).

7.       Zhi-Xin Chen, Zhi-Hui Wan. Comprehensive Simulation Analysis of Plastic Injection Process (2009).

8.       Z. Shayfull. Optimizaton of weld line formation by taguchi approch and analysis of variance (2011). 

 

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14.

Authors:

K. S. K. Sasikumar

Paper Title:

Optimization of Drilling Parameters on Delamination Based on Taguchi Method in Drilling of Natural Fiber Reinforced (Agave) Composite

Abstract:  Agave is the one of the abundantly available plant in India. The wide application of agave reinforced composite plate necessitate the joining of two plates together. For making such joint drilling of those plates is required. Drilling of natural fiber composites is different from the other metals because of its mechanical properties. The major problem faced in drilling of theses natural fiber composites was delamination of the fiber. This paper studies the effect of the input parameters such as cutting speed and feed and Drill diameter on the delamination induced during drilling. Taghuchi method is used for minimizing delamination induced due to input parameters .This study revealed that the input parameters such as cutting speed and feed rate both are influential in on the delamination. ANOVA is carried out to find the influencing parameters.

Keywords:
rilling,Taghuchi, Agave, NFRP, Composite


References:

1.       Nirmal, U., et al., Effect of betelnut fibres treatment and contact conditions on adhesive wear and frictional performance of polyester composites. Wear, 2010. 268(11): p. 1354-1370.
2.       Gellert, E. and D. Turley, Seawater immersion ageing of glass-fibre reinforced polymer laminates for marine applications. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 1999. 30(11): p. 1259-1265.

3.       Ashori, A. and Z. Bahreini, Evaluation of calotropis gigantea as a promising raw material for fiber-reinforced composite. Journal of Composite Materials, 2009. 43(11): p. 1297-1304.
4.       Mylsamy, K. and I. Rajendran, The mechanical properties, deformation and thermomechanical properties of alkali treated and untreated Agave continuous fibre reinforced epoxy composites. Materials & Design, 2011. 32(5): p. 3076-3084.
5.       Chaabouni, Y., et al., Morphological Characterization of Individual Fiber of Agave americana L. Textile research journal, 2006. 76(5): p. 367-374.

6.       Koplev, A., A. Lystrup, and T. Vorm, The cutting process, chips, and cutting forces in machining CFRP. Composites, 1983. 14(4): p. 371-376.

7.       Ho-Cheng, H. and C. Tsao, Analysis of delamination in drilling composite materials using core drill. Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2003. 1(1): p. 49.

8.       Veniali, F., A. Di Ilio, and V. Tagliaferri, An Experimental Study of the Drilling of Aramid Composites. Journal of Energy Resources Technology, 1995. 117(4): p. 271278.

9.       Kilickap, E., Optimization of cutting parameters on delamination based on Taguchi method during drilling of GFRP composite. Expert Systems with Applications, 2010. 37(8): p. 6116-6122.

 

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15.

Authors:

C. Gajendran, M. Manikanda Ramkumar

Paper Title:

Water Flow Modules in River Basin

Abstract:  To study the flow modules in the river basin indicating the map of study area with the flowchart for evaluating the geophysical conditions. The necessity of recharge of water flow has been assessed with the aquifer properties and the hydrology of the basin. The water flow in river basin is determined with the geophysical conditions and hydrogeological criteria.

Keywords:
flowchart for evaluating the geophysical conditions, necessity of recharge, hydrology of the basin.


References:

1.    Water Supply Engineering- B.C.Punmia
2.    Gis Based Methodology for Ground Water Flow Estimation Across the Boundary of the Study Area in ground water flow modeling. Vijay singhal, rohit goyal

3.    Engineering hydrology- K. Subramanya.

 

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16.

Authors:

Elfrida Shehu, Elda (Maçi) Vorpsi

Paper Title:

Unified Methodologies- A Necessity for Accurate Assessment in Albania

Abstract:   As the real estate represents one of the most important part of assets for the state and for the individuals, its valuation is currently in the spotlight even in Albania. The aim of this paper is to analyze the use of assessment methods of real estate in Albania. The paper first describes the methods that Albanian appraisers use in evaluating and their application areas For each of the methods are defined strengths and weaknesses. Analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the methods leads to the important conclusion that  in order to narrow the differences in the values reported by different appraisers for the same property and the same purpose of valuation,  the accurate and correct use of each method of evaluation should require a unification of methodologies within each method simultaneously with the necessity of developing national standards of real estate assessment  

Keywords:
market value, method of valuation, unified methodology, real estate


References:

1.       Law no. 7850 dated 29.07.1994 “Civil Code of the Republic of Albania”, Official Journal of the Republic of Albania No. 11, October 1994, Edition of the National Assembly.
2.       “European Valuation Standards”, Seventh Edition, TEGoVA, 2012

3.       International Valuation Standards Committee, “IVC Framework, 2011”, www.ivsc.org, 30.11.2012.

4.       A.F. Millington, “An introduction to property valuation”, Fifth edition, Estates Gazette, 2000

5.       RICS, RICS Appraisal and Valuation Standards. (The Red Book). The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. London. UK, 2005

6.       M.O. Ajibola, Valuation Inaccuracy: An Examination of Causes in Lagos Metropolis. Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 3, No. 4, December 2010, pp.191.

7.       http://www.instat.gov.al/al/figures/statistical-databases.aspx

8.       E. Shehu, A. Afezolli, I.Kondi  “The model for determinig the market value of residential properties in Tirana City,” ICICSE 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, June 2015 ( acepted).

9.       E. Shehu, “Study of technical factors influence in the real estate market value”, published PhD thesis , Polytechinic University of Tirana, 2013

10.    E. Shehu, A. Afezolli, I.Kondi  “The model for determinig the market value of office buildings in Tirana City,” ICESA`2014, Antalya, May 2014.

11.    E. Shehu, A. Afezolli, “Statistical methods in modelling the market value of real estate. Case Study; Tirana City,” ICTEA, 27-29 March 2015,Dubrovnik, Croatia

12.    E. Shehu, “ A unified methodology for determining the cost value”, Bulletin of technical Sciences, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Nr. 1, 2014, pp 9-19

 

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17.

Authors:

C. Ranjeeth Kumar, Prisgal Saha G, Sameema N, Shruthy Raj

Paper Title:

Annotating Images from Large Scale Web Community

Abstract:    Automatic image annotation is a process by which metadata is assigned in form of captioning or keywords to a digital image. Large annotation databases are difficult to build because some of the images have partial annotations and noise tags problem. In order to solve the problems with the annotation of large databases, in our approach we remove noise and invalid images from the dataset and extract the visual features from the images. Annotation results are improved using WordNet based annotation refinement method.

Keywords:
Automatic Annotation, Classification, Feature Extraction, Tagging


References:

1.    Ke,Shaozi Lic,and Guolong Chen,“Real web community based automatic Image annotation,”vol.39,no.6, October 2012,pp.945-956,.
2.    M. Ameesh , P. Vladimir ,andK.. Sanjiv,”Baselines for image annotation,”Int J Comput Vision., vol.90,no.1,May 2010, pp.88–105.

3.    W. Yong , M. Tao, G. Shaogang, and H. Xian-Sheng ,”Combining global, regional and contextual features for automatic image annotation,”Pattern Recogn.,vol42,no.2,May2008,pp.259–66.

4.    Li XR, Chen L, Zhang L, Lin FZ, Ma WY,”Image annotation by large-scale content-based image retrieva,” In: Proceedings of the l4th ACM international conference on multimedia, Santa Barbara; 2006, p607–10.

5.    XJ. Wang,L. Zhang,F. Jing,and WY. Ma,”AnnoSearch:image auto-annotation by search,” Proceedings of the IEEE computer society conference on computer vision and pattern recognition ,2006, pp.1483-1490.

6.    J. Jeon, V. Lavrenko, and R. Manmatha,” Automatic image annotation and retrieval using cross-media relevance models,”Proceedings of the 26th annual international ACM SIGIR,August 2003, pp.119–26.

 

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Volume-4 Issue-3

 Download Abstract Book

S. No

Volume-4 Issue-3, July 2015, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.

1.

Authors:

Praveen Goudar, Veerbhadrappa A, S. G. Goudar

Paper Title:

Evaluation of Axially Loaded Piles in Sand

Abstract:     The load carrying capacity and settlement behavior of the axially loaded pile embedded in layered soils were studied. The piles are made up of cement mortar and timber is placed in sand medium of different densities. The piles are tested in a testing tank for different layer density combinations of homogeneous, loose over dense, dense over loose, loose layer sand witched between two dense layers and vice-versa etc.  The experimental results shows that the ultimate load carrying capacity of the pile is found to be maximum and minimum in homogeneous layered soil of higher and lower density respectively. The load carrying capacity of a cemented pile   is greater than timber pile for all types of densities. The rate of settlement is much greater in timber pile with low density sand.

Keywords:
wooden pile, cemented pile, sand.


References:

1.     Shih-Tsung Hsu (2012), “Axially loaded behavior of driven pc piles”, Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 28, No.2, pp. 305-317.
2.     Zheng zhang (2009), “Simplified nonlinear analysis methods for vertically loaded piles and piled raft in layered soil” Brdge science research institute, civil eng. Dalian university of technology, Dalian, Vol.14.

3.     Basu .D, Salgado .R, Prezzi.M, Lee.J and Paik.K “Recent advances in the design of axially loaded piles in sandy soils” GSP 132 Advances in deep foundation, ASCE, 2012.

4.     Poulos.G.H (1989), “Cyclic axial loading analysis of piles in sand” Journal of geotechnical and geo environmental engineering, ASCE, Vol.115. No.6, 1989.

5.     Indian Standard-IS: 2720 (Part 3)1980 “Methods of test for soils, determination of specific gravity, fine, medium and coarse grained soils”, New Delhi.

6.     Indian Standard-IS: 2720 (Part 4)-1985 “Methods of test for soils, grain size analysis-mechanical method”, New Delhi

7.     IS: 2386 (Part III) – 1963 “Part III Specific Gravity, Density, Voids, Absorption and Bulking” Indian standard methods of test for aggregates for concrete.
8.     IS: 2911 (Part4)-1985 “Part 4 Load Test on Piles” Indian Standard Code of Practice for Design and Construction of Pile Foundations.
9.     Indian Standard – IS: 2720 (Part 13)1986 “Method of test for soils, direct shear test”. New Delhi, India.

 

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2.

Authors:

Ahmed Nafi Aziz

Paper Title:

Temperature and Conduction Heat Transfer Equations Development Using Three Dimensional Techniques

Abstract:      In this paper, new equations of temperature and the quantity of conduction heat transfer without and with heat generation for plan wall is presents. Temperature and Conduction heat transfer Equations are essential in application in all material, bodies or structure that has the same shape like the plan wall. For the plan wall without heat generation use wood material like plane wall shape where assumed that it has width, temperature value on the first side and on the second side, value of cross sectional area, value of thermal Conductivity. Therefore, one can determine the temperature at any point with different distance to study and analysis any parameter along the width of the wood material and the quantity of heat transfer from the first side to the second side in the wood material. For the plan wall with heat generation, the limestone material in plane wall shape assuming the width is present with the temperature value on the first and second side. Additionally, the value of cross sectional area, thermal conductivity and value of heat generation is considering. Results shows that the heat transfer Equations in the wood and limestone give better performance and accurate calculations compared with conventional equations. 

Keywords:
 Conduction heat transfer, thermal Conductivity, heat generation, heat transfer Equations.


References:

1.        Y.C .Shih “Heat Transfer”, NTUT, February 2013.
2.        H. S Carslow; J.C Jaeger “Conduction of Heat in Solids”, Oxford University press, 1946.

3.        M. Abramowitz; I.S. Stegun “Hand Book of Mathematical Function”, Washingon National Bureau, 1964.

4.        U.S Apraci “Conduction Heat Transfer”, Addison Wesley, 1966.

5.        Y.A Cengel “Heat and Mass Transfer”. McGraw Hill New York, A practical Apprach.3rd edition 2007.

6.        C. Geank Oplis. “Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles”, Englewood Cliffs prentice Hill, 2003.

7.        H.P. Heisler “Temperature Charts for induction and Constant Temperature heating” A.S. ME, Vol. 69, No. 227, 1947.   

8.        F.B. Hildebrand “Advanced Calculus for applications”, Cliffs Prentice hall, 2nd edition, 1976.

9.        J.P. Holman “Heat transfer”, McGraw,HillNewyork, 5th edition 1981.

10.     P.E. liley; R. C. Reid. E. Buek. “Physical and chemical data”, McGraw New York, 6th edition, 1984. 

11.     R.J. Rihando; G.w. Olerary “Ateaching Module for one-Dimensional Transient conduction” computer applications in Engineering education v.6,  1998, pp. 41-51. 

12.     P.J. Chenider. “Conduction Heat Transfer”, Addison Wesley Incorporation, 1955.

13.     B.H. Jennings, “Environmental Analysis”, International Text Book co, 1970. 

14.     W.B. Harper; D.R. Brown, “Mathematical Equations for Heat conduction in the fins of Air- cooled engines” v.158. 1922.

15.     K.A. Gardner, “Efficiency of extended Surfaces”, ASME, Vol. 67, 1945, pp. 621-631.

16.     C.J. M00re, “Heat across Surfaces in Contact”, Thermal/Fluid Science Rep. Vol. 67, No. 2, 1967.

17.     L.J: Ybarrondo; J.E. Sunderland “Heat from extended Surfaces”, Ball.Mech.Eng. Vol.5, 1966, pp. 299-234.

18.     C.J: Moore; H.A. Blam; H.Atkins “Classification Bibliography for thermal contact resistance studies”, WA/HT Company, 1968. 

19.     A.M. clausing, “Transfer at interface of Dissimilar metals”, Int. J. Mass Transfer,  Vol. 9, 1966, PP. 791.

20.     D.Q; A.D. Kranus, “Extended surface Heat Transfer”, MC Graw Hill Book Company, 1972

21.     R. Sigel; J.R. Howell, “Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer”, 2nd Edition, MC Graw-Hill Company, 1980.

22.     E. Fried, “Thermal Conductivity”, Academic Press Incorporation,  New York, Vol.2, 1969.

23.     I.S. Fletcher, “Recent Developments in Contact Conductance Heat Transfer”, J.Heat Transfer, Vol. 110, Nno.4 (B), 1988, pp. 1059.

 

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3.

Authors:

Srikrishna M. R, V. Ramesh, Raghavendra Y. B

Paper Title:

A Study on Concrete by Adding Chemical Admixture and Using M-Sand and by Partial Replacement of Cement by Fly Ash

Abstract:       The utilization of Fly ash in concrete as partial replacement of cement is gaining immense importance today, mainly on account of the improvements in the long term durability of concrete combined with ecological benefits. Scarcity of good quality Natural river sand due to depletion of resources and restriction due to environmental consideration has made concrete manufacturers to look for suitable alternative Fine aggregate. One such alternative is “Manufactured Sand”. In this paper, an attempt has been made to find out the strength of cement concrete containing Fly ash as a puzzolanic material, Manufactured sand and Chemical admixture. Through standard parameters about 24% of cement is replaced by  class F Fly ash, 100% replacement of Natural sand is done by Manufactured sand, SNF based Chemical admixture is added by 0.6% of cementitious materials and PCE by 0.5% of cementitious materials is added to the concrete to reduce the water content during the mix and to increase the strength parameters. Mix designs were made for M35 and M25 standard concrete mixes and their Strength parameters such as Compressive strength test, Flexural test and Test on cylinders were studied at 7, 28 and 56 days and Durability tests such as Acid test and Base test were studied at 56 days. Studies revealed that the cost whole Concrete mix will become economical than normal concrete mix. Comparing SNF and PCE, PCE in Concrete mix gave better results than SNF in almost every parameters.

Keywords:
 Fly Ash, Compressive strength, Modulus of Rupture, Durability, SNF, PCE


References:

1.    Sarath Chandra Kumar Bendapudi, “Contribution of Fly ash to the properties of Mortar and Concrete”, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, ISSN 0974-5904, Volume 04, No 06 SPL, October 2011, pp 1017-1023.
2.    Dr. –Ing. Abebe Dinku, et.al, “The use of manufactured sand in concrete production: test results and cost comparison.”, (July-2006)

3.    Muhannad Ismeik, “Effect of Mineral Admixtures on Mechanical Properties of High Strength Concrete Made with Locally Available Materials”, Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, Volume 3, No. 1, (2009)

4.    Anshuman Dogra,et.al, “Study of the Admixture-cement Compatibility for the Economic Production of Special Concretes”, International Journal of Civil Engineering Research. ISSN 2278-3652 Volume 5, Number 1 (2014), pp. 43-48

5.    Nimitha.,et.al, “Effect of Manufactured Sand on Durability Properties of Concrete”,  American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) e-ISSN : 2320-0847 p-ISSN : 2320-0936 Volume-02, Issue-12, pp-437-440

 

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4.

Authors:

L. Amudha, T.M. Nithya

Paper Title:

A New Paradigm for Automatic Unveiling of Human Thoughts by Reading Brain Signals

Abstract:    we now live in the age of deception. Existing techniques to detect deception uses polygraph methods to assess whether a suspect is guilt or not. These methods rely on measurement of autonomic arousal like palm sweating, facial expressions, words uttered, and answer to queries, actions and heart rate to get knowledge about any crime scene. No criminal would ever accept his crime. And a practiced user can conceal the emotions mentioned above. The most detailed knowledge of any crime is locked away in the brain of the person who committed it. The fact is that no person has control over his brain signals. Use of functional magnetic resonance imaging in lie detection derives from studies suggesting that persons asked to lie show different patterns of brain activity than they do when being truthful. There are over a billion neurons in the brain that communicate with each other using electrochemical signal. Since no person can hide his brain signals, a novel and easy method of detecting concealed information, brain fingerprinting using EEG (Electroencephalogram) is gaining wide attention among investigating agencies. The issues and applicability of brain fingerprinting is discussed in the following sections and a wide range of research scope is also proposed.

Keywords:
 Polygraph, Electroencephalography (EEG),   Brain fingerprinting, P300-MERMER, ERP signals.


References:

1.     Lawrence A. Farwell, Brain fingerprinting: a comprehensive tutorial review of detection of concealed information with event-related brain potentials, Cogn Neurodyn (2012) 6:115–154
2.     Farwell LA, Smith SS (2001). Using Brain MERMER Testing to Detect Concealed Knowledge Despite Efforts to Conceal. J. Forens. Sci., 46(1): 135-143.

3.     Farwell LA. The brain-wave information detection (BID) system: a new paradigm for psychophysiological detection of information [unpublished doctoral dissertationl. Urbana-Champaign (IL): University of Illinois, 1992.

4.     Farwell LA, Richardson DC (2006b). Brain Fingerprinting in Laboratory Conditions. Psychophysiol., 43: S38.

5.     ”Brain fingerprinting field studies comparing P300-MERMER and P300 brainwave responses in the detection of concealed information” Lawrence A. Farwell, Drew C. Richardson, Graham Richardson, Cogn Neurodyn (2013) 7:263–299

6.     Schalk, G., McFarland, D. J., Hinterberger, T., Birbaumer, N., & Wolpaw, J. R. (2004, June). BCI2000: A General-Purpose Brain Computer Interface (BCI) system. (Vol. 51) (No. 6).

7.     Rosenfeld JP, Angell A, Johnson M, Quan J. An ERP-based, control question lie detector analog: algorithms for discriminating effects within individual’s average
waveforms. Psychophysiology 1991; 28 (3): 3 t 9-35.

8.     Farwell LA, Hemandez R. Brain-wave detection of concealed information. Office of Research and Development of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); 1993.

9.     Sabeti M, Moradi E, Katebi, S (2011) Analysis of neural sources of p300 event-related potential in normal and schizophrenic participants. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 696, 589-97.

10.  Verschuere B, Ben-Shakhar G, Meijer E (2011) Memory Detection: Theory and Application of the Concealed Information Test. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1 edition.

11.  Dhiraj Ahuja and Bharat Singh, Brain fingerprinting, Journal of Engineering and Technology Research Vol. 4(6), pp. 98-103, November 2012.

 

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5.

Authors:

V. S. Nimbalkar

Paper Title:

Effects of Electromagnetic & Radio Frequency on Human Body

Abstract:    This paper deliberates the effects of Electromagnetic in human beings and heat (energy) in a biological or non-biological system is frequency and also discussed on the exposure of microwaves from cellular networks. While it is not certain that RF radiation generally poses any risks to human health, some reasons exist for being concerned about human health effects from the cellular phones themselves. These concerns exist because the antennas of these phones deliver much of their RF energy to small portions of the user’s head It describes the energy content, interaction of microwave with biological system, measurement techniques and safety standards. In the era of wireless communication, the exposure to electromagnetic radiations is increasing. Most of these radiations fall in the category of microwaves. In addition,  domestic  appliances  and  medical  treatments  also  use  microwaves  for  various  purposes. Though  the  human  body  could  compensate  for  and  handle  the  extra  energy  load  through  the thermoregulatory mechanisms without obvious increase in temperature, stress could still.

Keywords:
 Radiofrequency, Electromagnetic, Frequency Spectrum, Bio Effects


References:

1.     Zamanian  and  CY  Hardiman  Fluor Corporation,  Industrial  and  Infrastructure Group, Electromagnetic Radiation and Human Health: A Review of Sources and Effects b July 2005
2.     Kalluri  Sri  Nageswari,  1988  A  Review  on immunological  Effects  of MicrowaveRadiation.      IETE Technical review (India),5:203-210

3.     William R.  Hendee, John C.  Boteler.  1994. The Question of Health Effects from Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields. Health Physics 66: 127-136.

4.     Bohr H, Bohr J. Microwave enhanced kinetics observed in Optical Rotational Dispersion studies of a protein.  Bio electromagnetics 21:68-72; 2000a.

5.     Bohr H, Bohr J. Microwave enhanced folding and denaturation of globular proteins.  Phys Rev E61:4310– 4314; 2000b.

6.     K.  Sri  Nageswari,  Biological  Effects  of Microwaves and Mobile Telephony, (ICNIR 2003).

7.     T.G. Cooper, S. M. Mann, R. P. Blackwell, and S. G. Allen  “Occupational  Exposure  to Electromagnetic  Fields  at  Radio  Transmitter Sites”,  Centre  for  Radiation,  Chemical  and Environmental  Hazards,  Didcot,  Oxfordshire, 2007.

 

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6.

Authors:

Sneha Khalate, Sumant Kulkarni

Paper Title:

Finite Element Analysis of Cold Formed Steel Bolted Connection

Abstract:  The aim of this paper is to present a simple and accurate three dimensional finite element Model (FE) capable of predicting the actual behavior of beam-to-column joints in steel frame subjected to static loads. The software package ANSYS is used to model the joint. The beam- column type connection is used for study. This is chosen for its complexity in the analysis and their inheritable non-linear behavior. Two experimental tests in the literature were chooses to verify the finite element model. The results of model in literature were compared with analytical model. Two modes of failure were identified from the tests; 1) Mode: Bearing failure in section web around the bolt hole. 2) Flexural failure of connected section. The structural behaviour of the connection including the moment – rotation relation, Load- deflection curve, the yield strength, and ultimate moment capacity of the connections were studied. The main parameters considered in this study were the thickness of flange & web, span and number of bolts.

Keywords:
  finite element Model, Cold formed, ANSYS, Connection, Bolted, Bearing failure, Flexural failure, moment – rotation relation, Load- deflection curve


References:

1.        Bayan Anwer Ali, SariffuddinSaad, MohdHanim Osman, Yusof Ahmad “Finite Element Analysis of Cold-formed Steel Connections”- International Journal of Engineering (IJE), Volume(5),issue(2)2011.
2.        Bayan Anwer, SariffuddinSaad and Hanim Osman “Structural Performance of Bolted Moment Connections among Single Cold-Formed Channel Sections”- International Journal of Engineering and Technology Volume 2. No. 4 April 2012.

3.        Bayan Anwer Ali, SariffuddinSaad, MohdHanim Osman “Cold-Formed Steel Frame with Bolted Moment Connections”- 2010.

4.        Bayan A, Sariffuddin S., Hanim O “Cold formed steel joints and structures” – International Journal of civil and Structural Engineering Volume. 2 No 2, 2011.

5.        Tadaharu NAGAO, Tsuyoshi TANAKA, Hisashi NANBA “Performance of beam-column connections in steel structures” – 13th world conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancuver, B.C., Canada Agust1-6, 2004. Paper No. 1235.

6.        YanchengCai, Ben young “Structural behaviour of cold formed stainless steel bolted Connections”.

7.        K.F. Chung, K.H. Ip “Finite element investigation on the structural behaviour of cold formed steel bolted connections” in 2000.

8.        P. Manikandan, S. Sukumar and L. S. Naresh“Finite Element Modelling of Cold-formed Beams with Intermediate stiffeners”.

9.        D. Dubina, A. Stratan, A. Ciutina, L. Fulop,  Z. Nagy, “Strength, stiffness and ductility of cold-formed steel bolted connections”.

10.     Tae Soo KIM, Hitoshi KUWAMURA and Taejun CHO, “Prediction of Ultimate Behaviours in Cold-formed Steel Bolted Connection by the Introduction of Initial Geometric Imperfection in FE Modelling”-(ISIJ International, Volume 48(2008).  No. 5, pp. 671-680.

11.     Syahril Taufik1, “Numerical Modelling of Semi-rigid Connection with High Strength Steel” – 2013.

12.     Lixin Li, K.S.(Siva) Sivakumaran, “Beam – column behaviour of cold-formed steel lipped channel sections”.

13.     S. Taufik and S.Baharom “Finite Element Model for the Behaviour of Partially Restrained High Strength Web Angle Connections.” –Research Journal of Applied Science, engineering & Technology 6(6).

14.     M.F.Wong and K.F.Chung, “Experimental investigation of cold- formed steel beam-column sub frames: pilot study” – 15th International specialty Conference on cold-formed steel structures St. Louis, Misssouri U.S.A Oct. 19-20, 2000.

15.     K.M.Bajoria, R.S.Talikoti “Determination of flexibility of beam to column connectors used in thin walled cold formed steel pallet racking System”.

16.     Y.B.Kwon, H.S.Chung, and G.D. Kim “Experiments of Cold Formed Steel Connections and Portal Frames” – Journal of Structural Engineering © ASCE/ April 2006( J. Struct. Eng.2006.132:600-607)

17.     ZilvinasBucmys, Gintalšauciuvënas “The behaviour of Cold Formed steel structure Connection”. – Engineering Structures and technologies 5(3) : 113-122.

18.     KuldeepKasushik, Avadeshkumar Sharma and Rishi kumar “Modelling and FE analysis of Column to beam endplate bolted connection”- Engineering Solid Mechanics 2 (2013)-51-66.

19.     A.Pirmoz “Predicting of /moment rotation behaviour of Bolted Connection using neural Networks”.

20.     Fattouh M.F. Shaker and Waseem M. AbdElrahrnan “Analytical behaviour of steel Pre-tensioned Bolted connections with flushed and extended end plates under bending”. – World Applied Science journal 30(6):673-684-2014(ISSN 1818-4952).

21.     Shemys. Babu, S. Sreekumar “A study on ductility of Bolted Beam- Column Connection”.- International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) Volume 2, Issue 5, Sep. – oct. 2012, pp-3517-3521. ISSN: 2249-6646.

22.     KuldeepKaushik, Avadesh k. Sharma, Rishikumar “A Review on finite element analysis of beam to column endplate bolted connection”. – ISOR Journal of mechanical & civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 8, issue 1(July- Aug. 2013), pp 97-103.

23.     Ye ongHueilee, Tahir, and Poi NgianShek – Hindawi Publishing Corporation the scientific World Journal Volume 2014, Article id 951216,11 pages.
24.     R. A.laBoube and W.W. Yu “Additional design Considerations for bolted Connection”. 13th International Speciality conference on Cold-formed steel Structures St. Louis, Missouri U.S.A, Oct 17-18,1996.
25.     Benjamin W. Schafer, A. M.ASCE, Dinar Camotim, “Special issue on Cold formed Steel Structures”. – Journal of structural Engineering © ASCE/May 2013/ 637.

26.     Tatiana Nazmeeva “Methodology of Experimental research of cold Formed steel Members”. – Proceedings of the International Conference 3,Inovative materials, Structures and technologies”

27.     ( doi: 10.7250/ iscconstrs. 2014.18)

28.     Jim Butterworth “Finite element Analysis of Structural Steel work beam to Column bolted Connections”.

29.     S.K. Duggal, “ Design of steel structures” the mcgraw-hill companies, 3rd edition

30.     Dr. B.C. Punmia, ashokkumarjain, arunkumarjain, “Design of steel structures” laxmi publications(p) ltd., 2nd edition

31.     Ramchandra, “Design of steel structure- II”- Edition: 2011.
32.     IS: 801-1975 Indian standard code of practice for use of cold-formed light gauge steel structural members in general building construction.
33.     BS: 5950-Part 5 British standard institution.1987, structural use of steelwork in building. Part 5. Code of practice for design of cold formed sections.

34.     IS 800: 2007 Indian Standard General Construction in Steel – Code of practice

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7.

Authors:

D. J. Evanjaline, N. Kalpana, P. Raja Kumar  

Paper Title:

Security Enhancement of Wireless Protocol WPA (WI-FI Protected Access)

Abstract:   A Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a flexible data communication system implemented as an extension to or as an alternative for a wired Local Area Network (LAN). However, anyone can eavesdrop on information so that WLAN has the hidden security trouble such as leaking of electromagnetic wave or eavesdropping of data because WLAN adopts common electromagnetic wave as media to transmit data. Therefore, the security of WLAN is very important and outstanding.  This paper discusses the security flaws in wireless security protocol WPA and to describe a solution to enhance the security WPA.

Keywords:
   WLAN, WEP, Initialization Vector, TKIP, AES, WPA, WPA2, MIC.


References:

1.    Mohamed Juwaini, Raed Alsaqour, Maha Abdelhaq , “A Review On WEP Wireless Security Protocol,” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, ISSN: 1992-8645, E-ISSN: 1817-3195 Vol. 40 No.1, 15 June 2012.
2.    Dr.R.N. Rajotiya, Pridhi Arora, “Enhancing Security of WI-FI Network”, International Journal of Computer Applications, ISSN: 2250 – 1797, Issue 2, Vol 3, June 2012.

3.    Arash Habibi Lashkari,Farnaz Towhidi,Raheleh Sadat Hosseini.Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP). International Conference on Future Computer and Communication, IEEE, 2009.

4.    Lashkari, A.H.;   Mansoor, M.;   Danesh, A.S.; Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) versus Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA). International Conference on Signal Processing System. IEEE, 2009

5.    DR.D.J.Evanjaline,P.Rajakumar,N.Kalpana; Two Tier Security Enhancement of Wireless Protocol WEP(Wired Equivalent Privacy). International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering.ISSN: 2231-2307, Volume-5, Issue-I, March 2015.

6.    Lashkari, A.H., A survey on wireless security    Protocols (WEP, WPA and WPA2/802.11i), Computer Science and Information Technology, 2009. ICCSIT 2009. 2nd IEEE International  Conference on 8-11 Aug 2009, E-ISBN: 978-1-  4244-3878-5

7.    Sandirigama, M, Security weaknesses of WEP  Protocol IEEE 802.11b and enhancing the   Security with dynamic keys, Science and  Technology for Humanity (TIC-STH),  2009, IEEE Toronto International Conference

 

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8.

Authors:

Sahithi Govindaraju, Krishna Prasad Satamraju, Sathish Babu Kaapaarapu

Paper Title:

MIRCHI – A Cogent Tool for Prosthesis and Human Robot Interaction

Abstract:    To achieve highly dexterous manoeuvre with many degrees of freedom is of significant importance to perform normal hand-like movements. We present a powerful tool, Myoelectric Interface for Computer and Human Interaction (MIRCHI), which can be used in prosthesis, physiotherapy and Gaming technology. MIRCHI is useful for people undergoing upper limb prosthesis. Unlike most of the exiting prosthesis tools which are dynamic subject- or task-specific, the proposed system takes input from the muscle of the subject using surface electromyography sensors and generates corresponding movements with the aid of some predefined mapping functions. We have tested different movements from various subjects. Results show that the subject is able to make custom movements with lot of ease. The entire system is developed in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS and OpenGL is used for GUI. 

Keywords:
    Degree-of-Freedom (DoF), Human Computer Interaction, OpenGL, Prosthesis, Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.


References:

1.       Parker, P., Englehart, K. & Hudgins, B., “Myoelectric Signal Processing for Control of Powered Limb Prostheses”, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Vol. 16, Issue 6, 541-548, December 2006.
2.       Merletti, R. & Parker, P., “Electromyography: Physiology, Engineering and Noninvasive Applications”, IEEE Press Series on Biomedical Engineering, 460-464, 2004

3.       Kampas,P. Myoelektroden—Optimal eingesetz Medizinisch — Ortohopäsdische Technik 2001, 1, 21-27.

4.       Zardosthi-Kermani, M.; Wheeler, B.C.; Badie, K.; Hashemi, R.M. EMG feature evaluation for movement control of upper extremity prostheses. IEEE Trans. Rehab. Eng. 1995, 3, 324-332.

5.       Englehart, K.; Hudgins, B.; Parker, P.A. A wavelet-based continuous classification scheme for multifunction myoelectric control. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 2001, 48, 302-311.

6.       Huang, Y.; Englehart, K.B.; Hudgins, B.; Chan, A.D.C. A Gaussian mixture model based classification scheme for myoelectric control of powered upper limb prostheses. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 2001, 52, 1801-1811.

7.       S. Bitzer and P. van der Smagt, “Learning EMG control of a robotic hand: Towards active prostheses,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robot. And Automat. ICRA, May 2006, pp. 2819–2823.

8.       D. Nishikawa, W. Yu, H. Yokoi, and Y. Kakazu, “EMG prosthetic hand controller using real-time learning method,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Syst., Man, Cybern., 1999, vol. 1, pp. 153–158.

9.       M. S. Erkilinc and F. Sahin, “Camera control with EMG signals using principal component analysis and support vector machines,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Syst. Conf. (SysCon), Apr. 2011, pp. 417–421.

10.    G. Naik, D. Kumar, and Jayadeva, “Twin SVM for gesture classification using the surface electromyogram,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Technol. Biomedicine, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 301–308, Mar. 2010.

11.    F. Orabona, C. Castellini, B. Caputo, A. Fiorilla, and G. Sandini, “Model adaptation with least-squares SVM for adaptive hand prosthetics,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robot. Automat., May 2009, pp. 2897–2903.

12.    M. V. Liarokapis, P. K. Artemiadis, P. T. Katsiaris, K. J. Kyriakopoulos, and E. S. Manolakos, “Learning human reach-to-grasp strategies: Towards EMG-based control of robotic arm-hand systems,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robot. Automat. (ICRA), May 2012, pp. 2287–2292.

13.    P. K. Artemiadis and K. J. Kyriakopoulos, “EMG-based teleoperation of a robot arm in planar catching movements using ARMAX model and trajectory monitoring techniques,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robotics Automat., 2006, pp. 3244–3249.

14.    P. K. Artemiadis and K. J. Kyriakopoulos, “An EMG-based robot control scheme robust to time-varying EMG signal features,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Technol. Biomedicine, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 582–588, May 2010.

15.    B. Ajiboye and R. F.Weir, “Muscle synergies as a predictive framework for the EMG patterns of new hand postures,” J. Neural Eng., vol. 6, no. 3, p. 036004, Jun. 2009.

16.    F. E. Zajac, “Muscle and tendon: Properties, models, scaling, and application to biomechanics and motor control,” Stanford Univ., vol. 17, p. 52, 1989.

17.    S. M. Radhakrishnan, S. N. Baker, and A. Jackson, “Learning a novel myoelectric-controlled interface task,” J. Neurophysiol., vol. 1, p. 47, 2008.

18.    S. M. Chase, A. B. Schwartz, and R. E. Kass, “Bias, optimal linear estimation, and the differences between open-loop simulation and closed-loop performance of spiking-based brain-computer interface algorithms,” Neural Networks, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1203–1213, Nov.2009.
19.    T. Pistohl, C. Cipriani, A. Jackson, and K. Nazarpour, “Abstract and proportional myoelectric control for multi-fingered hand prostheses,” Anna. Biomed. Eng., vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 2687–2698, Dec. 2013.
20.    Advancer Technologies Muscle Sensor Kit V3 manual https://github.com/AdvancerTechnologies/Muscle-Sensor-v3/blob/master/Documents/Muscle%20Sensor%20v3%20Users%20Manual.pdf?raw=true

21.    Arduino UNO https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/ArduinoBoardUno

22.    OpenGL Tutorial http://www.opengl-tutorial.org/

23.    www.yolinux.com/TUTORIALS/LinuxTutorialPosixThreads.html

 

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9.

Authors:

Rakshasbhuwankar Dhanashree, Aade K. U.

Paper Title:

Design of Wireless Dot Matrix Printer

Abstract:     Major problem of Dot matrix Printer is its connection. Difficult to connect and disconnect again and again if different users are going to use different stations. This paper will solve the problem of connection by making it easy to connect wirelessly through ZigBee technology. ZigBee technology is advantageous in terms of range, coverage area, etc. It is very compact and easy to handle.

Keywords:
 ZigBee, PIC (Peripheral Interface Controller), microcontroller


References:

1.       P.Rohitha1 ,P. Ranjeet Kumar2 Prof.N.Adinarayana3, Prof.T.Venkat Narayana Rao, “ Wireless Networking Through ZigBee Technology”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 2012.
2.       Mitsugu Terada, “Application of ZigBee sensor network to data acquisition and Monitoring”, International conference of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering , Volume 9, No. 6, 2009.

3.       S. K. Guha, P. Y. Nabhiraj, T. K. Bhaumik, C. Mallik, VECC, “DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN IEEE 802.15.4 / ZIGBEE BASED STAR NETWORK FOR DATA ACQUISITION AND MONITORING”, International conference of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering 2012.

4.       www.compareindia.com

5.       www.zigbee.org.

6.       http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microcontroller

 

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10.

Authors:

Manasi Manjari Mohanty, Bhatu Kumar Pal

Paper Title:

Modeling & Simulation of Fluid Flow Behaviour during CO2 Sequestration in Coal Structure Using Comsol Multiphysics

Abstract:   In the present world, Global Warming has been one of the biggest problems regarding environmental aspect and CO2 is held responsible for that. It is an inevitable necessity to mitigate the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. CO2 sequestration is one of the best methods to reduce its concentration by trapping it beneath the earth in different geological conditions. The unmined coal seams and thin bands of coal provide a potential storage for CO2 with suitable geological environment. These days it has become necessary to study the relationship between coal structure and flow of fluids inside. In this paper, an effort has been made to study the behaviour of fluids i.e. CO2and methane inside of coal and the analysis has been carried out to study their velocity and pressure variations using COMSOL Multiphysics. Coal contains both cleat and porous structure. Cleats are the natural fractures in coal and pores are the important factors for migration of fluid inside coal. One model is developed to understand the fluid flow behaviour in cleat structure of coal.

Keywords:
 CO2 sequestration, cleat structure, Darcy’s law, two-phase flow


References:

1.       Carbon budget (2009) high lights (http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/carbonbudget/09/hl-full.htm), Globalcarbonproject.org, retrieved 20121102.
2.       Dr. Zimmerman R. W., (2002-2003): Diffusion equation for fluid flow in porous rocks, M.Sc. In petroleum engineering, Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial college, London.

3.       “esrl global monitoring division global greenhouse gas reference network” (http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/global.html ). Noaa. 6 May 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.

4.       Gharasoo M., Deusner C., Bigalke N., Haeckel M., A comsolmultiphysics®-based model for simulation of methane-hydrate dissociation by injection of superheated carbon dioxide, Department of marine Geo systems, Kiel, Germany.

5.       Greenhalgh S. A. and Emerson D. W., (1986): Elastic properties of coal measure rocks from the Sydney basin, New South Wales Exploration Geophysics 1 7(3), pp- 1 57-1 63.

6.       Gulbransen, A. F., Hauge, V. L. and Lie, K. A., (2008): A Multi scale mixed finite-element method for vuggy and naturally-fractured reservoirs, 21 Nordic Seminar on Computational Mechanics, NSCM-21.

7.       Guoxiang Liu, Smirnov Andrei V., (2009): Carbon sequestration in coal-beds with structural deformation effects, Mechanical and Aerospace engineering Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown.

8.       Guoxiangliu, Smirnov Andrei, Simulation of carbon sequestration in a coal-bed with a variable saturation model, Int. Jr. on Elsevier, pp. 1586-1594.

9.       Huang Zhao Qin, (2010): Modeling two-phase flow in strongly heterogeneous porous media, Research center for oil & gas flow in reservoir, COMSOL Conference (2010).

10.    http://www.ucc.ie/academic/chem/dolchem/html/comp/co2.html.

11.    http://www.roymech.co.uk/related/fluids/fluids_viscosities.html.

12.    Kiehl. J.T., Trenberth Kevin E. (1997): “Earth’s annual global mean energy budget” (http://web.archive.org/web/20060330013311/http://www.atmo.arizona.edu/students/courselinks/spring04/atmo451b/pdf/radiationbudget.pdf ) (pdf).

13.    Laubach S. E., Marrett R. A., Olson J. E., Scott A. R., (1997): Characteristics and origins of coal cleat: A Review, Int. Jr. ELSEVIER, pp. 175-207.

14.    Lia Song, TangaDazhen, Haoxua, Ziyang, (2012): The pore-fracture system properties of coalbed methane reservoirs in the panguan syncline, Int. Jr. Geoscience Frontiers (2012), pp.853-862

15.    Liu Guoxiang, Smirnov Andrei v., (2007): Numerical modeling of CO2 sequestration in coal-beds with variable saturation on comsol, COMSOL CONFERENCE (2007).

16.    OzdemirEkrem, (2004): Chemistry of the adsorption of carbon dioxide by argonne premium coals and a model to simulate CO2 sequestration in coal seams, Ph. D thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

17.    Petty, G.W. (2004): A first course in atmospheric radiation. Co2 absorbs and emits infrared radiation at wavelengths of 4.26 μm (asymmetric stretching vibrational mode) and 14.99 μm (bending vibrational mode). Sundog Publishing. pp. 229–251.

18.    PrajapatiNilay j. and Mills Patrick l., (2014): Numerical study of flux models for CO2: Enhanced natural gas recovery & potential CO2 storage in shale gas reservoirs, COMSOL Conference (2014).

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11.

Authors:

Vasudeva G

Paper Title:

Design and Implementation of Radix-2 Modified Booth’s Encoder Using FPGA and ASIC Methodology

Abstract:    This paper presents the design and implementation of signed-unsigned Modified Booth Encoding (SUMBE) multiplier. The present Modified Booth Encoding (MBE) multiplier and the Baugh-Wooley multiplier perform multiplication operation on signed numbers only. Therefore, this paper presents the design and implementation of SUMBE multiplier. The modified Booth Encoder circuit generates half the partial products in parallel. By extending sign bit of the operands and generating an additional partial product the SUMBE multiplier is obtained. The Carry Save Adder (CSA) tree and the final Carry Look ahead (CLA) adder used to speed up the multiplier operation. Since signed and unsigned multiplication operation is performed by the same multiplier unit the required hardware and the chip area reduces and this in turn reduces power dissipation and cost of a system. The proposed radix-2 modified Booth algorithm MAC with SPST gives a factor of 5 less delay and 7% less power consumption as compared to array MAC.The Simulation results are obtained from MODELSIM and Physical design is done from encounter tool from cadence also area, power and timing reports are obtained from RTL Compiler from cadence.

Keywords:
 CLA, CSA, SUMBE, Booth Encoder


References:

1.       . D. Booth,”A signed binary multiplication technique,” Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics, vol. 2, pp. 236-240, 1951.
2.       O. L. MacSorley, “High-speed arithmetic on binary computers,” IRE Transaction on Electronic Computers, vol. 49, pp. 67-91, 1961

3.       R. Cooper, “Parallel Architecture Modified Booth Multiplier”, Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1989.

4.       J. Fadavi-Ardekani, “M × N booth encoded multiplier generator using optimized Wallace trees,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst. , vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 120–125, Jun, 1993.

5.       W. -C. Yeh and C. -W. Jen, “High-speed booth encoded parallel multiplier design,” IEEE Trans. Comput. , vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 692–701, Jul, 2000.

6.       B Ayman A. Fayed, Magdy A. Bayoumi, “A Novel Architecture for Low-Power Design of Parallel Multipliers,” vlsi,pp. 0149, IEEE Computer Society Workshop on VLSI 2001.

7.       RazaidiHussin, Ali Yeon Md. Shakaff, Norina Idris1, Zaliman Sauli1, RizalafandeChe Ismail1 and Afzan Kama An Efficient Modified Booth Multiplier Architecture, International Conference on Electronic Design, 2008.

8.       Shiann-RongKuang and Jiun-Ping Wang “Modified Booth Multipliers with a Regular Partial Product Array” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems—II Volume. 56, No. 5, 2009.

9.       Soojin Kim and Kyeongsoon Cho, “Design of High-speed Modified Booth Multipliers Operating at GHz Ranges,” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2010.

10.    S. K. Sahoo and C. Shekhar, “A fast final adder for a 54-bit parallel multiplier for DSP application”,international journal of electronics, vol. 98, no. 12, pp. 1625-1638, 2011.

11.    S. K. Sahoo and C. Shekhar,”Delay Optimized Array Multiplier for Signal and Image Processing”, 2011 International Conference on Image Information Processing, 2011.

12.    C. Senthilpari “A low power and High performance Radix-4 Multiplier design using a Modified Pass Transistor Logic Technique” IETE Journel of Research Vol. 57, Issue 2, 2012.

13.    Neil. H. Weste and Kamran Eshraghian, “Principles of CMOS VLSI Design,” Addison-Wesley, ISBN 0201733897,pp 361-380, 1993.

14.    Kiat-Seng Yeo and Kaushik Roy, “Low-Voltage,Low-Power VLSI Subsystems” Tata McGraw-Hill,ISBN-13-978-0-07-067750-0, pp 119- 146, 2009.

15.    Pratap Kumar Dakua, AnamikaSinha, Shivdhari&Gourab,“Hardware Implementation of MAC unit,” International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Engineering, vol. 3, 2012.

16.    M.Jeevitha, R.Muthaiah, P.Swaminathan, “Review Article: Efficient Multiplier Architecture in VLSI Design,” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 38, no. 2, April 2012.

17.    Ravi Shankar Mishra, PuranGour, BrajBihariSoni, “Design and Implements of Booth and Robertson’s multipliers algorithm on FPGA,” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 1, Issue 3, pp. 905-910, 2011.
18.    Tung Thanh Hoang, Magnus Själander, Per Larsson- Edefors, “A High-Speed, Energy-Efficient Two-Cycle Multiply-Accumulate (MAC) Architecture and Its Application to a Double-Throughput MAC Unit,” IEEE transactions on Circuits & Systems, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 3073-3081, Dec. 2010.
19.    Abdelgawad, MagdyBayoumi, “High Speed and Area-Efficient Multiply Accumulate (MAC) Unit for Digital Signal Prossing Applications,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits &Systems , pp. 3199 – 3202, 2007.

20.    Berkeley Design Technology, Inc., “Choosing a DSP Processor,” World Wide Web, http://www.bdti.com/articles/choose_2000.pdf, 2000.

21.    Jennifer Eyre and Jeff Bier, “The Evolution of DSP Processors”, Berkeley Design Technology,Inc.,

22.    http://www.bdti.com/articles/evolution.pdf, 2000

23.    G. Lakshmi Narayanan and B. Venkataramani, “Optimization Techniques for FPGA-Based Wave Pipelined DSP Blocks”, IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr.
(VLSI) Syst., 13.No 7. pp 783-792, July 2005.

24.    L.Benini, G.D. Micheli, A. Macii, E. Macii, M. Poncino, and R.Scarsi,“”Glitching Power Minimization by Selective Gate Freezing”, IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst., 8, No. 3, pp. 287-297, June 2000.

25.    S.Henzler, G. Georgakos, J. Berthold, and D. Schmitt-Landsiedel, “Fastpower-Efficientcircuit-Block Switch-off Scheme”, Electron. Lett.,40, No. 2, pp. 103-104, Jan. 2004.

26.    H. Lee, “A Power-Aware Scalable Pipelined Booth Multiplier”, In Proc. IEEE Int. SOC Conf., 2004, pp. 123-126.  

27.    J. Choi, J. Jeon, and K. Choi, “Power Minimization of Functional units by Partially Guarded Computation”, In Proc. IEEE Int. Symp.Low Power Electron.Des., 2000, pp. 131-136.

 

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12.

Authors:

Akhilesh Kumar Gupta, Prabhat Kumar

Paper Title:

Design and Analysis of Grid Connected Photovoltaic Application

Abstract:     This paper provides the design details of 600W grid connected PV cell. Six PV cells are connected in parallel is considered as the source. The source voltage is then stepped up using a DC-DC boost converter.  The boost converter is then provides the voltage to a single phase inverter, which provides the AC signal which can be injected to the grid

Keywords:
  PV cell, DC-DC boost converter, inverter


References:

1.       Bidyadhar Subudhi, Raseswari Pradhan, “A comparative study on maximum power point tracking techniques for photovolatic power systems,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 4, no. 1, 2013, pp. 89-98.
2.       Boualem Bendib, Hocine Belmili, Fateh Krim, “A survey of the most used MPPT methods: Conventional and advanced algorithms applied for photovolatic systems,” Renewable and Sustianable Energy Reviews, vol. 45, May 2015, pp. 637-648.

3.       Hegazy Rezk, Ali M. Eltamaly, “A comparative comparision of different MPPT techniques for photovoltaic systems,” Solar Energy, vol. 112, Feb 2015, pp. 1-15.

4.       Giovanni Petrone, Giovanni Spagnuolo, and Massimo Vitelli, “An Analog Technique for Distributed MPPT PV Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Industial Electronics, Vol. 59, No. 12, Dec 2012, pp. 4713-4722.

5.       Hiren Patel and Vivek Agarwal, “MPPT Scheme for a PV-Fed Single-Phase Single-Stage Grid-Connected Inverter Operating in CCM With Only One Current Sensor,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 24, no. 1, Mar 2009, pp. 256-263.

6.       Raseswari Pradhan, Bidyadhar Subudhi, “Design and real-time implementation of a new auto-tuned adaptive MPPT control for a photovoltaic system,” International Journal of Electric Power and Energy Systems, vol. 64, Jan 2015, pp. 792-803.

7.       Venkata Ratnam Kolluru, Kamalakanta Mahapatra and Bidyadhar Subudhi, “Development and Implementation of Control Algorithms For a Photovoltaic System,” in Proc. IEEE Students Conf. Engineering and Systems, 2013, pp. 1-5.

8.       Kinattingal Sundareswaran, Sankar Peddapati, and Sankaran Palani, “MPPT of PV Systems Under Partial Shaded Conditions Through a Colony of Flashing Fireflies,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 29, no. 2, June 2014, pp. 463-471.

9.       Subhransu Padhee, Umesh Chandra Pati, Kamalakanta Mahapatra, “Investigation on transient response of fuel cell power conditioning unit during rapid load changes,” in Proc. IEEE Conf. Computational Intelligence and Communication Technology, 2015, pp. 482-487.

10.    Kanhu Charan Bhuyan, Rajesh Kumar Patjoshi, Subhransu Padhee, Kamalakanta Mahapatra, “Solid oxide fuel cell with DC-DC converter system: Control and grid interfacing,” WSEAS Transactions on Systems and Control, 9, 2014, pp. 247-254.

11.    Kanhu Charan Bhuyan, Sumit Sao and Kamalakanta Mahapatra, “An FPGA based controller for a SOFC DC-DC power system,” Advances in Power Electronics, 2013. 

12.    Kanhu Charan Bhuyan, Subhransu Padhee, Rajesh Kumar Patjoshi, Kamalakanta Mahapatra, “Hysteresis Control of Power Conditioning Unit for Fuel Cell Distributed Generation System,” International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 8, issue 7, 2014, pp. 1143-1148.

13.    Dong-Yub Hyun, Chang-Soon Lim, Rae-Young Kim, Dong-Seok Hyun, “Average modeling and control of a single phase grid connected two stage inverter for battery application” Proc. IEEE IECON,Vienna,Austria,pp.487-492, 2013

 

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13.

Authors:

Samer Chantaf, Amine Naït-Ali, Mahmoud Abbas, Mohamad Khalil

Paper Title:

Biometric Authentication of Individual Using M-Wave Signals

Abstract:   This paper suggests a new biometric method of human verification based on muscle response following an electrical stimulation is presented in this study. The corresponding response is called M-wave. The goal is to study the possibility of using the M-wave signals to verify an individual. In this work, parameters are extracted by modeling the M-waves using wavelet networks. The radial basis neural network method is then used to classify these parameters. This method has been evaluated on a set of M-wave responses corresponding to normal individuals. Consequently, very encouraging results have been obtained.

Keywords:
 M-wave; biometrics; wavelet networks; neural network; classification


References:

1.     A.K. Jain, A. Ross, S. Prabhakar, “An introduction to biometrics recognition”, IEEE  Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology,Vol.14,No.1, 2004 , pp.4-20.
2.     Q.H. Zhang, “Using Wavelet Network in Nonparametric Estimation,” IEEE Trans.Neural Networks, Vol.8, 1997, pp.227-236.

3.     Y. C. Pati, P.S. Krishnaprasad, “Analysis and synthesis of feed-forward neural networks using discrete affine wavelet transformations,” IEEE Trans.Neural Networks, Vol.4, 1993, pp.73-85.

4.     Q. Zhang, A. Benveniste, “Wavelet networks,” IEEE Trans. Neural Networks,Vol.3 , 1992,  pp.889-898.

5.     J. Zhang, G.G. Walter, Y. Miao, W.N.W. Lee, “Wavelet Neural Networks for function learning” IEEE Trans. Signal process, Vol.43, No.6, 1995,  pp.1485-1497.

6.     S. Haykin, Neural Networks: A comprehensive Foundation, Macmillan College Publishing Company, 2nd edition, New York, 1998.

7.     D.E. Rumelhard, G.E. Hinton, R.J. Williams, “Learning representations by back propagation errors”, In: Nature (1986) , (pp.323:533-536).

8.     L. Biel, O. Pettersson, L. Philipson, and P. Wide, ‘ECG analysis: a new approach in human identification’, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 50, No. 30, 2001 , pp.808–812.

9.     K.N. Plataniotis, D. Hatzinakos, J. K. M. Lee, ‘ECG biometric recognition without fiducial detection’, Proceedings of Biometrics Symposiums (BSYM ’06), Baltimore, MD, USA, 2006.

10.  Y. Wang, K.N. Plataniotis, D. Hatzinakos, ‘Integrating analytic and appearance attributes for human identification from ECG signal’, Proceedings of Biometrics Symposiums (BSYM ’06), Baltimore, MD, USA,  2006.

11.  S. Chantaf, A. Naït-Ali, P. Karasinski, M. Khalil, ‘ECG modelling using wavelet networks: application to biometrics’, Int. J. Biometrics, Vol.2, No.3, 2010, pp.236-249.

12.  S. CHANTAF, “ Biométrie par signaux physiologiques” PhD Thesis. Université Paris Est Créteil (UPEC), Paris, France, 2011.

13.  A.J. Robinson, L. Snyder-Mackler, “Clinical Electrophysiology: Electrotherapy and Testing Procedures”, 2007, Third edition, chapter 12: Clinical electrophysiologic Examination and Evaluation, ( page 424), Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.

 

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14.

Authors:

Ashish Kori, Vilas Warudkar

Paper Title:

Functioning and Assessment of Uncoated and PVD Coated Carbide Tool and its Vibration Analysis

Abstract:    In today’s manufacturing industries there is an always demand and requirement of high rate of production, accurate dimensions, decrease in the cutting rate, increase in the quality of manufacturing machined part and machining of hard materials. In this experimentation work the machining and performance of uncoated carbide cutting tool and PVD Tin coated cutting carbide tool is experimented. The hard turning is done on hard material AISI 1045H and soft material pure aluminum under various parameters cutting speed, rate of feed and depth of cut. The machining is done under dry condition. The affect of various parameters of cutting tool and work material has been tested in experimentation work. The tool chatter vibration, surface roughness, tool wear is tested. The tool chatter vibration is measured by using Digital Vibration Meter (VM-8200) for both uncoated and PVD tin coated cutting tool in running conditions. The surface finish for tool material is measured by using Taylor Hobson roughness meter. In the last tool wear is measured by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) for both uncoated and PVD tin coated cutting tool. It has been found that hard turning on hard material at high speed, low rate of feed and high depth of cut is improved by using PVD Tin coated cutting tool and uncoated cutting too is good for soft material. The tool chatter vibration is very critical factor that’s affect on rate of production, dimensions, tool life, efficiency of machine, and etc. The high tool chatter vibration can break cutting tool that’s result on loss of material, decrease the rate of production, money loss, time loss. It is very essential to reduce tool chatter vibration, the various researches has been done on this factor but no researches exits that completely exit this factor. In this experimentation work the PVD TiN multilayer coating is used for minimization of tool chatter vibration that meets to the demands and requirements of today’s manufacturing world. The tool chatter vibration on uncoated cutting tool is high at high speed, low rate of feed and high depth of cut, whereas the tool chatter vibration on PVD Tin coated tool at same conditions is low. PVD Tin coated cutting tool give better performance as compared to uncoated tool. The surface roughness is also a very crucial factor that’s affect on the dimensions of the machined material and its quality. It is very necessary to achieve better surface finish. The PVD Tin coated cutting tool gives good surface finish as compared to uncoated tool. It also increases the life of tool that’s affect on performance and the demands and requirement of today’s manufacturing industries.

Keywords:
 Dry machining, PVD Tin coated, SEM, Tool chatter vibration.


References:

1.        Yong Huang, Steven Y. Liang, Affect of Cutting Conditions on Tool Performance in CBN Hard Turning, Journal of Manufacturing ProcessesVol. 7/No. 1. 2005.
2.        A.K. Chattopadhyay, P. Roy, A. Ghosh, S.K. Sarangi, Wettability and machinability study of pure aluminium towards uncoated and coated carbide cutting tool inserts, Surface & Coatings Technology 203 (2009) 941–951.

3.        P. Roy, S.K. Sarangi, A. Ghosh, A.K. Chattopadhyay, Machinability study of pure aluminium and Al–12% Si alloys against uncoated and coated carbide inserts, Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials 27 (2009) 535–544.

4.        Renato Franc oso de A vila a, Alexandre Mendes Abra˜o , G. Cristina Dura es de Godoy, The performance of TiN coated carbide tools when turning AISI 8620 steel, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 179 (2006) 161–164

5.        R.F. Avila , C. Godoy, A.M. Abra, M.M. Lima, Topographic analysis of the crater wear on TiN, Ti(C,N) and (Ti,Al)N coated carbide tools, Wear 265 (2008) 49–56.

6.        D.I.Lalwani,N.K.Mehta,Y.J.Lin,Experimental Investigstion of cutting parameter influence on cutting forces and surface roughness In finish haed turning of MDN250 steel, journal of materials processing technology 206(2008)167-179.

7.        Recep Yigit , Erdal Celikb, Fehim Findikc, Sakip Koksalc, Affect of cutting speed on the performance of coated and uncoated cutting tools in turning nodular cast iron, journal of materials processing technology 2 0 4 ( 2008 ) 80–88.

8.        CH.R. Vikram Kumar, P. Kesavan Nair, B. Ramamoorthy, Performance of TiCN and TiAlN tools in machining hardened steel under dry, wet and minimum fluid application, Int. J. Machining and Machinability of Materials, Vol. 3, Nos. 1/2, 2008.

9.        M.A. ElHakim , M.D.Abad , M.M.Abdelhameed , M.A.Shalaby , S.C.Veldhuis, Wear behavior of some cutting tool materials in hard turning of HSS, Tribology International 44 (2011) 1174–1181.

10.     Noordin, M.Y., Tang, Y.C. and Kurniawan, D. (2007) ‘The use of TiAlN coated carbide tool when finish machining hardened stainless steel’, Int. J. Precision Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.21–29.

11.     J. Rech, A multiview approach to the tribological characterisation of cutting tool coatings for steels in high-speed dry turning, Int. J. Machining and Machinability of Materials, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2006.

 

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15.

Authors:

Shraddha J. Patil, R. S. Talikoti

Paper Title:

Effect of Wind Load on High Rise Structure

Abstract:     The global urban population is expected to grow approximately 1.84% per year between 2015 and 2020. So to accommodate this large number of world’s population in the urban area there is not enough space available on the horizontal ground. So the Analysis and design of high-rise buildings for lateral load such as wind load and earthquake are the major issues which are playing significant role in recent decades in the designing of new high rise buildings. In this research we study about how wind load analysis plays an important role in designing and analysis of this high rise buildings. Analysis carried out on G+19 structure to study its behaviour in wind load. All dynamic parameter such as storey shear, storey drift, torsion in column, change in reinforcement of column, displacement of mass C.G., change in bending moment, shear force and axial force in column and change in stresses of beam are analyzed and summaries its governing condition

Keywords:
 Necessity of high rise structure, Wind effect on high rise, Governing parameter during wind load


References:

1.    Wind effects on tall building frames-influence of dynamic parameters by B. Dean Kumar  and B.L.P. Swami, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 3 No. 5 (May 2010), ISSN: 0974- 6846.
2.    Effect of wind on structure by By Sukanta Adhikari, Prentice-hall Of India,2005

3.    IS 875 : Part 3 : 1987 Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other than Earthquake) for Buildings and Structures – Part 3 : Wind Loads.

4.    IS 875 : Part 5 : 1987 Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other than Earthquake) for Buildings and Structures – Part 5 : SPECIAL LOADS AND COMBINATIONS

5.    Study of Seismic and Wind Effect on Multi Storey R.C.C. Steel and Composite Building by Syed Rehan, S.H.Mahure, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT) Volume 3, Issue 12, June 2014, ISSN: 2277-3754 ISO 9001:2008 Certified

 

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Volume-4 Issue-4

 Download Abstract Book

S. No

Volume-4 Issue-4, September 2015, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd.

Page No.

1.

Authors:

Madhuri Pradhan, R. K. Bhoi, S. Rana

Paper Title:

Optimization of Operating Parameters for EDM Process based on the Taguchi Method

Abstract:   In this paper the complexity of electrical discharge machining process which is very difficult to determine optimal cutting parameters for improving cutting performance has been reported. Optimization of operating parameters is an important step in machining, particularly for operating unconventional machining procedure like EDM. A suitable selection of machining parameters for the electrical discharge machining process relies heavily on the operators’ technologies and experience because of their numerous and diverse range. Machining parameters tables provided by the machine tool builder cannot meet the operators’ requirements, since for an arbitrary desired machining time for a particular job, they do not provide the optimal machining conditions. An approach to determine parameters setting is proposed. Based on the Taguchi parameter design method and the analysis of variance, the significant factors affecting the machining performance such as crater diameter,recsat layer,grain size,haz for a hole machined by EDM process, are determined.

Keywords:
   complexity, Optimization, EDM, significant factors.


References:

1.           P.J. Ross, Taguchi Techniques for Quality Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988.
2.           J.L. Lin, K.S. Wang, B.H. Yan, Y.S. Tarng (2000) “Optimization of the electrical discharge machining process based on the Taguchi method with fuzzy logics “ Journal of Material Processing and Technology, Vol. 102, pp 48-55.

3.           Y.S. Liao, J.T. Huang, H.C. Su (1997) “A study on the machining-parameters optimization of wire electrical discharge machining” Journal of Material Processing and Technology, Vol. 72, pp 487-493.

4.           J.L. Lin, C.L. Lin (2002) “The use of the orthogonal array with grey relational analysis to optimize the electrical discharge machining process with multiple performance characteristics” Int. J. of Machine Tools & Manufacture. Vol. 42, pp 237-244.

5.           Kuo-Ming Tsai, Pei-Jen Wang (2001) “Semi-empirical model of surface finish on electrical discharge machining” Int. J. of Machine Tools & Manufacture. Vol. 41, pp 1455-1477.

6.           Jun Qu, Albert J. Shih (2002) “Development of the cylindrical wire electrical discharge machining process, part 1: Concept, Design, and Material removal rate”, Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Vol. 124, pp 702-707.

7.           Jun Qu, Albert J. Shih (2002) “Development of the cylindrical wire electrical discharge machining process, part 2: Concept, Design, and Material removal rate”, Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Vol. 124, pp 708-714.

8.           D.C. Montgomery, Design and Analysis of Experiments, Wiley, Singapore, 1991.

9.           R.A. Fisher, Statistical Methods for Research Worker, Oliver & Boyd, London, 1925.

10.        J.A. Sanchez, L.N. Lopez de Lacalle, A. Lamikiz, U. Bravo (2002) “Dimensional accuracy optimization of multi-stage planetary EDM” Int. J. of Machine Tools & Manufacture, Vol. 42, pp 1643-1648.

11.        Scott Dan, Boyino, Sreedhar, Rajurkar (1991) “Analysis and optimization of parameter combinations in wire electrical discharge machining”, International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 29, No110 pp 2189 – 2207.

12.        H.S.Yan, R.S.Lee, And Y.C.Yang (1995) “An algorithm for surface design and tool path generation in wire electrical discharge machining”, International Journal of Machine Tool Manufacture, Vol. 35, No.12 pp.1703- 1714.

13.        A.B.PURI, B.BHATTACHARYA (2003)“Analysis and optimization of geometrical inaccuracy due to wire lag phenomenon in wire electrical discharge machining” International Journal of Machine Tool Manufacture 2003, Vol. 43, No.2 pp 151-159.

14.        Masters, A.R. Khoei and D.T. Gethin (1999) “The Application of Taguchi Methods to the Aluminium Recycling Process” Proc. 4th ASM International Conference on The Recycling of Metals, pp 115-124.

15.        J. Paulo Davim (2003) “ Design optimization of cutting parameters for turning metal matrix composites based on the orthogonal arrays” Journal of Material Processing and Technology, Vol. 132, pp 340-344.

16.        J.H. Zhang, T.C. Lee, W.S. Lau (1997) “Study on the electro-discharge machining of a hot pressed aluminum oxide based ceramic” Journal of Material Processing Technology, Vol. 63, pp 908–912.

17.        Y.S. Tarng, S.C. Ma, L.K. Chung (1995) “Determination of optimal cutting parameter in wire electrical discharge machining” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol 35, No.12, pp1693–1701.

18.        Kuo-Ming Tsai, Pei-Jen Wang (2001) “Predictions on surface finish in electrical discharge machining based upon neural network models” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol 41, pp 1385-1403.

19.        Chang,S.H,Hwang,J.R,Doong,J.L,(2010) ‘Optimization of the injection moulding process of short glass fiber reinforced polycarbonate composites using grey relational analysis, ” Journal of Material Processing and Technology, Vol. 132, pp 340-344.

20.        Mohd Amri Lajis, Mohd Radzi,H.C.D(2009) ‘The Implementation of Taguchi Method on EDM Process of Tungsten Carbide’, Euro Journal of Scientific Research, Vol.26,pp 609-617. ISSN: 0975-5462 6888

 

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2.

Authors:

B. Rajagopal, S. Singaravelu

Paper Title:

Detection of Air gap Eccentricity Fault of Three Phase Induction Motor by Fast Fourier Transform Using ARM Microcontroller

Abstract:    Induction machines are the backbones of many industrial processes due to its robustness and reliability. Online fault diagnostics of induction motor is important, and its real function is to attempt to recognize the development of faults at an early stage, which are highly useful preventive rescue especially in high power applications. Among various faults occurred in induction motors, eccentricity faults are of significant importance as they produce secondary effects that can lead to a major fault to a motor. Using different signal processing and mathematics techniques, the stator current signals of a motor can be analyzed, interpreted and faults inside the motor can be identified. It is observed that the fault frequencies for different faults of induction motor are unique. This paper investigates on detection of air gap eccentricity fault in three phase cage induction using modulated motor stator current.. MCSA (Motor Current Signature Analysis) technique using FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) approach is utilized in this research work to identify air gap eccentricity fault of induction motor under different loading conditions. Hence, in this paper RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing) based ARM (Advanced RISC Machine) architecture controller (LPC2148 from NXP) for current signature analysis is developed to analyze the air gap eccentricity fault. An experimental setup, using the ARM based data acquisition board and PC based analysis software is also developed and results are given for air gap eccentricity fault.

Keywords:
 Induction motor, MCSA, FFT, Air gap eccentricity fault, ARM controller


References:

1.       Pedro Vicente Jover Rodriguez, Marian Negrea,and Antero Arkkio, 2008, “A   simplified  scheme for induction motor condition monitoring,” ELSEVIER, Mechanical systems and signal processing, vol.22,issue 5, pp. 1216-1236.
2.       Mohammed Rezazadeh Mehrojou, Norman Mariun, Mohammad Hamiruce Marhaban and Norhisam Misron, “ Rotor fault condition monitoring techniques for squirrel cage induction machine – A Review,” Mechanical Systems and Signal processing 25(2011), pp.2827- 2848.

3.       Faiz, J, Ojaghi, M, “ Different indexes for eccentricity faults diagnosis in three phase squirrel cage induction motors – A Review,” Mechatronics 19(1), 2009, pp. 2- 13.

4.       Nandi, S., Toliyat, H.A.,and Li, X.,” Condition and monitoring and fault diagnosis of electrical motors,” – A Review, IEEE, Transactions on Energy conversion, 20(4), 2005, pp. 719- 729.

5.       Bashir Mehdi Ebrahimi, Mohammad Ete madrezaei, Jawad faiz, “ Dynamic eccentricity fault diagnosis in round rotor synchronous motors,” Energy conversion and Management, (52) 2011, pp.2092- 2097.

6.       Faiz J., and Ebrahimi, B.M., “ Mixed fault diagnosis in three phase squirrel cage induction motor using analysis of air gap magnetic field,” Progress in Electromagnetic Research, PIER, 64, 2006, pp. 239- 255.

7.       Toliyat. H.A., Arefeen, M.S., and Parlos, A.G., “A method of dynamic simulation of air gap eccentricity in induction motors,” IEEE, Transactions on Industrial Elect., vol.32, Aug. 1996.

8.       Khadim Moin Siddiqui, Kuldeep sahay, and Giri. V.K., “ Health monitoring and fault diagnosis in induction motor _ A Review, IJAREEIE, Vol.3, issue 1,Jan 2014

9.       Finley,W.R, Hodowanec,M.M.,and Holter,W.G.,2000, “An analytical    approach to solving motor vibration problems,” IEEE Trans.on Industry Applications, vol.36, no.5, pp.1467-1480.

10.    Jansen,P.L, and  Lorenz, R.D.,1994, “A physically insightful approach to the  design and accuracy assessment of flux observers for field oriented induction machine drives,”  IEEE Trans.on Ind. Applications, vol. 30, pp.101-110.

11.    A.B.Sasi,F.Gu,Y.Li,A.D.Ball, “ A validated model for the predication of rotor   bar failure in squirrel cage motors using instantaneous angular speed, Mechanical systems and signal processing 2006,p.p 1572-1589.,

12.    Chilengue.Z., Dente. J.A., Costa BrancoP.J., “ An artificial immune system Approach for fault detection in the stator and rotor circuits of Induction Machines ,” 2011, Elsevier, Electric power systems Research, p.p. 158-169.
13.    Neelam Mehla, and Ratan Dahiya,2007, “An approach of condition monitoring of  induction motor using MCSA,” International Journal of systems applications Engineering & development, volume 1, issue 1, pp. 13-17.
14.    Thomson,W.T.,and Fenger,H.,2001,“Current signature analysis to detect  induction motor faults,” IEEE, Trans. on Ind. Appl. Mag., Vol. 7, No.4,         ,pp. 26-34.

15.    Nandi. S.,Bharadwaj, R.M., and Toliyat. H. A., “Performance analysis of a three phase  induction motor under incipient mixed eccentricity condition,” IEEE, Transactions on Energy conversion, vol. 17, no.3.,2002, pp. 392- 399.

16.    W.T.Thomson, Rankin.D, and Dorrell, “ On- line current monitoring to diagnose air-gap eccentricity in large three phase induction motors- industrial case histories verify the predictions,” IEEE, Transactions on Energy conversion, Vol.14, No.4,1999, pp.1372- 1378.

17.    Mohamed EI Hachemi Benbouzid, Michelle Vieira and Celine Theys, “Induction Motors Faults Detection and Localization Using stator current Advanced signal processing Techniques,” IEEE, Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol.14, No.1, January 1999, pp.14- 21.G. O. Young, “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics (Book style with paper title and editor),”    in Plastics, 2nd ed. vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed.  New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15–64.

 

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Authors:

Swapnil B. Mohod, Vilas N. Ghate

Paper Title:

Automated Classification and Detection of Power Quality Disturbances Using RBF Fault Classifier

Abstract:     the proliferation of power electronic devices in a modern industrial control pronounced more power quality disturbances. There is an urgent need of technique which automatically classifies and detects power quality disturbances. In this paper authors developed an online radial-basis-function NN-based detection technique. In proposed scheme simple statistical parameters described which are used as input noise signals to classify vital conditions of power system like sag, swell of Induction motor, arc load, short circuit of welding machine, phase to earth fault and healthy condition. Detailed design procedure for RBF based classifier is presented for which experimental data of one HP, single phase, 50 Hz squirrel cage Induction motor, Welding machine to generate actual arcing load, Advantech data acquisition system is used. A Wavelet Transform Technique is applied to extract features from monitored data. By principle component analysis and sensitivity analysis dimension reduction is also achieved which classify the six types of PQ disturbances.  

Keywords:
  Power Quality, Wavelet transform, RBF, PCA


References:

1.       B. Hannaford and S. Lehman, “Short Time Fourier Analysis of the Electromyogram: Fast moments and constant contraction,”IEEE Transaction on Biomedical Engg. Vol.33, pp.1173-1181,1986 
2.       Hamid EY, Kawasaki ZI. “Wavelet-based data compression of power system disturbances using the minimum description length criterion,” IEEE Transaction on  Power Delivery 2002;17(2):460–6

3.       S. Santoso, E. J. Powers, W. Mack Grady, and P. Hofmann, “Power quality assessment via wavelet transform analysis,” IEEE Transaction on Power Delivery, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 924–930, April 1996

4.       W.A. Wilkinson, M.D. Cox “Discrete wavelet analysis of power system transients,” IEEE Transaction on  Power System 11 (1996) 2038–2044

5.       Flavio B. Costa, “Boundary Wavelet Coefficients for Real-Time Detection of Transients Induced by Faults and Power-Quality Disturbances,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 29, No. 6, December 2014

6.       Milan Biswal, P. K. Dash “Measurement and Classification of Simultaneous Power Signal Patterns With an S-Transform Variant and Fuzzy Decision Tree,” IEEE Transaction On Industrial  Informatics, Vol. 9, No. 4, November 2013, 1819

7.       Huseyin Eris_ti, Ozal Yıldırım, Belkıs Eris_ti, Yakup Demir, “Automatic recognition system of underlying causes of power quality disturbances based on S-Transform and Extreme Learning Machine,” Electrical Power and Energy Systems 61, 2014 553–562
8.       Raj Kumar, Bhim Singh, D. T. Shahani, Ambrish Chandra, Kamal Al-Haddad, “Recognition of Power-Quality Disturbances Using S-Transform-Based ANN Classifier and Rule-Based Decision Tree,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 51, no. 2, March/April 2015
9.       Rodríguez, J.A.Aguado, F.Martín, J.J.López, F.Mu˜noz, J.E.Ruiz, “Rule-based classification of power quality disturbances using S-transform”, Electric Power Systems Research 86, 2012 113– 121.

10.    Biswal, M. Biswal, S. Mishra, R. Jalaja, “Automatic Classification of Power Quality Events Using Balanced Neural Tree,” IEEE Transaction On Industrial Electronics, Vol. 61, No. 1, January 2014, 521B

11.    Zhigang Liu, Qiaoge Zhang, “An Approach to Recognize the Transient Disturbances With Spectral Kurtosis,”  IEEE Transaction On Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 63, No. 1, January 2014

12.    Prakash K. Ray, Soumya R. Mohanty, Nand Kishor,  João P. S. Catalão, “Optimal Feature and Decision Tree-Based Classification of Power Quality Disturbances in Distributed Generation Systems,” IEEE Transactions On Sustainable Energy, Vol. 5, No. 1, January 2014.
13.    Raj Kumar, Bhim Singh, D. T. Shahani, Ambrish Chandra, Kamal Al-Haddad, “Recognition of Power-Quality Disturbances Using S-Transform-Based ANN Classifier and Rule-Based Decision Tree,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 51, no. 2, March/April 2015.
14.    Cheng-I Chen,Yeong-Chin Chen, “A Neural Network Based  Data Driven Non –Linear Model On Time And Frequency Domain Voltage –Current Characterization For Power Quality Study,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, TPWRD, 2015

15.    Liu Hua, Wang Yuguo, Zhao Wei,“ Power Quality Disturbances Detection and Classification Using Complex Wavelet Transformation and Artificial Neural Network Control,” Chinese Digital Object Identifier, pp, 208 – 212, 2007

16.    ElangoM.K, Kumar A.N. Duraiswamy K, “Identification of power quality disturbances using Artificial Neural Networks,” IEEE Conference on Power and EnergySystems, pp. 1 – 6 , 2011

17.    Yuliang Liu ,  Li Zhao ,  Shigang Cui ,  Qingguo Meng , Hongda Chen, “Quantum-behaved particle swarm optimization-ANN based identification method for typical power quality disturbance,” China,pp. 1103-1108

18.    Nantian Huang, DianguoXu , XiaoshengLiu, LinLin, “Power quality disturbances classification based on S-transform and probabilistic neural network,” Elsevier Neurocomputing  (2012) 12–23

19.    Wael R., Anis Ibrahim and Medhat M. Morcos, “Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Mathematical Tools for Power Quality  Applications: A Survey,” IEEE transactions on power delivery, VOL. 17(2), pp. 668-673, APRIL 2002

20.    K. Ghosh and D. L. Lubkeman, “Classification of power system disturbance waveforms using a neural network approach,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 10, pp. 109–115, Feb. 1995.

21.    Aneesh C, Sachin Kumar, Hisham P M, K P Soman, “Performance comparison of Variational Mode Decomposition over Empirical Wavelet Transform for the classification of power quality disturbances using Support Vector Machine,” International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICICT 2014)

22.    Guo-sheng Hu, Feng-feng Zhu, You-zhi Zhang , “Power Quality Faint Disturbance Identification Using Wavelet Packet Energy Entropy and Weighted Support Vector Machines,” Third International Conference on Natural Computation,  Vol. 5, pp. 649 – 653, 2007

 

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4.

Authors:

Vivek Kumar, Rajeshwar Prasad Singh, Vikash Kumar

Paper Title:

A Study of Technology Used and Comparison Between Traditional and Hf120 (Advanced Aero Engine)

Abstract:      Paper includes detailed study of the HF120 turbofan engine, which is the first product from GE Honda Aero Engines. This paper is to showcase state of art technology involved in gas turbine engines and to bring out various aspects and future trends in field of propulsion technology. Paper also includes development in gas turbine engine that have helped to achieve great fuel efficiency and less noise, increased power, thrust and also advancements made in the field of materials have contributed in a major way in gas turbine in accordance to the future trends that have come up in recent years. The paper reviews the evolutionary process that has taken place over the years with reference to the different design concepts used for aero engines. At General Electric, the official corporate slogan is “Imagination at work.” At Honda, it’s “The power of dreams.” Two of the world’s most respected names in propulsion have come together to design and manufacture engines for the next generation of very light jets. The joint venture, known as GE Honda Aero Engines, combines the strengths of two industry leaders recognized for delivering high performance and reliable engines. The HF120 is an advanced 2000lb thrust class turbofan propulsion system. It incorporates a development philosophy and operational features consistent with Honda’s tradition of Innovation and GE’s rigorous design and testing standards.

Keywords:
  HF120, Honda’s, GE’s, design and testing, “Imagination at work.”, GE Honda, 2000lb


References:

1.        http://www.gehonda.com/products/hf120
2.        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GE_Honda_HF120

3.        http://www.gehonda.com/products/hf120/pdf/hf120_datasheet.pdf

4.        http://www.flysunairlines.com/hondajet-ha-420/hondajet-engine-ge-honda- hf120

5.        http://www.stanford.edu/~cantwell/AA283_Course_Material/AA283_Course_N

6.        otes/Ch_05_Turbofan_Cycle.pdf

7.        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geared_turbofan

8.        http://www.sae.org/aeromag/techinnovations/1298t10.htm

9.     http://www.volvoaero.com/volvoaero/global/en- gb/aboutus/Corporate%20values/Environmental%20care/vac_environment/gr een_engines/advancedturbofan/Pages /default.aspx

10.     http://www.mtu.de/en/technologies/engineering_news/others/Riegler_Geared

11.     _turbofan_technology.pdf
12.     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contra-rotating_propellers
13.     J. B. Catlin, W. H. Day, and K. Goom, “The Pratt & Whitney Industrial Gas Turbine Product Line”, Power Gen Conference, New Orleans, LA, December 1, 1999.

14.     W. Layne, “Developing the Next Generation of Gas Turbine Power Systems – A

15.     National Partnership”, Dept. of Energy Workshop Next Generation Gas Turbine

16.     Power Systems, Austin, TX Feb. 9-10, 1999.

17.     S. Ashley, “Fuel-Saving Warship Drives”, “Mechanical Engineering” magazine,

18.     Report TR-102156, Research Project 3251-05, September 1993

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5.

Authors:

T. Romen Singh, O. Imocha Singh

Paper Title:

Image Resizing with Enhancement Technique on DCT Domain

Abstract:       This paper presents an image resizing technique with enhancement process so as to get an enhanced resized image. This technique is applied on single DCT domain and it is based on the energy compaction and de-correlation property of DCT. Resizing is based on energy compaction while enhancement is based on de-correlation property of CDT. In this technique, resizing is implemented on arbitrary ratio of dimension of the resized image. Enhancement technique is applied by rescaling the AC and DC values of the DCT matrix of the input image.  Since it is applied on single DCT domain there is no blocking artefact like block domain. The performance of this technique is compared with other related techniques using PSNR, RMSE and CCC and found outperform.

Keywords:
 Image Resizing, Arbitrary Ratio,  DCT, Enhancement, Power-Law.


References:

1.        R.Dugad and N.Ahuja, “A fast scheme for image size change in the compressed domain,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol. 11, pp. 461–474, Apr. 2001.
2.        Y.Park H.Park and S.Oh, “L/m-fold image resizing in block- dct domain using symmetric convolution,” IEEE Trans. Image Proc., vol. 12, pp. 1016–1034, Sep. 2003.

3.        M. Kankanhalli Y. Zhao and T.-S.Chua, “Fractional scaling of image and video in dct domain,” Proc. of 2003 IEEE Inter. Conf. Image Processing, vol. 1, pp. 185–188, Sep. 2003.

4.        J. Liang and T.D. Tran, “Fast multiplierless approximations of the dct with the lifting scheme,” IEEE Trans. Signal Proc., vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 3032–3044, Dec. 2001.

5.        S.A. Martucci, “Image resizing in the discrete cosine trans- form domain,” Proc. of 1995 IEEE Inter. Conf. Image Pro- cessing, pp. 244–247, Washington D.C., 1995.

6.        K.N. Ngan, “Experiments on two-dimensional decimation in time and orthogonal transform domains,” Signal Processing, pp. 249–263, Oct. 1986.

7.        J.M. Adant et al., “Block operations in digital signal pro- cessing with application to tv coding,” Signal Processing, pp. 385–397, Dec. 1987.

8.        Carlos L. Salazar and Trac D. Tran,“On Resizing Image in the DCT Domain”, 0-7803-8554-3/04/$20.00 ©2004 IEEE. pp. 2797-2800.

9.        J. Mukherjee and S. K. Mitra, “Image resizing in the compressed domain using subband DCT,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 620–627, Jul. 2002.

10.     H. Shu and L. P. Chau, “An efficient arbitrary downsizing algorithm for video transcoding,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 887–891, Jun. 2004.

11.     C. L. Salazar and T. D. Tran, “On resizing images in the DCT domain,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Image Processing, Singapore, Oct. 2004, pp. 2797–2800.

12.     T.R Singh,  O.I Singh ,   Kh. M Singh , T. Sinam and Th. R Singh “Image Magnification based on directed linear interpolation”, International Journal of Computer Sciences and Engineering Systems( IJCSES) China Vol. 3, No. 4. October, 2009,CSES International © 2009 ISSN 0973-4406

13.     T.R Singh, S. Roy, Kh. M Singh, “Global DCT Domain Power-Law Transformation in Image Enhancement Technique,” Proceedings of International Symposium on Computational and Business Intelligence (ISCBI 2013),India,978-0-7695-5066-4/13 c 2013 IEEE, DOI 10.1109/ISCBI.2013.61, pp. 247-253, August 24-26, (2013).

 

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6.

Authors:

Sampath Kumar B, Varsha N, Zaara FK

Paper Title:

Recognition of Medicinal Leaves using PCA & SVM

Abstract:   In pharmacological science and bhaishaja kalpana, the recognition of plant leaves(leaf) is very important to make medicine. A Recognizing plant leaf has so far been an important and difficult task. In this paper leaf recognition system using the support vector machine as a classifier is proposed. The leaf recognition system consists of image acquisition, preprocessing, feature extraction and classification. The preprocessing involves  a typical image processing conversion  such as transforming color images to gray scale image then binary , smoothing and to contour image etc. In the feature extraction involves  geometrical features are extracted from leaf images such as diameter, length, area, and perimeter etc. Total 10 digital morphological features (DMF) including geometrical features. These 10 features are  orthogonalized into five principal variables using principal component analysis (PCA). These features are given as input vector to the support vector machine (SVM) for classifying leaves.

Keywords:
  Digital Morphological Feature(DMF); leaves(Leeaf) Recognition; Principle component analysis (PCA); Support Vector Machine (SVM)


References:

1.       Arun Priya C, Balasaravanan T , and Antony Selvadoss Thanamani “An Efficient Leaf Recognition Algorithm For Plant  Using Support Vector Machine”, International Conference On Pattern Recognition,Informatics and Medical Engineering(PRIME-2012)
2.       Jyotismita Chaki, and Ranjan Parekh, “Plant Leaf Recognition using Shape based Features and Neural Network classifiers,” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA),2011,vol.2,no.10.

3.       J. Pan, and Y. He, ”Recognition of plants by leaves digital image and neural network,” International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering, 2008, vol. 4, pp. 906 – 910.

4.       N.  Kumar, S. Pandey, A. Bhattacharya, and P.S. Ahuja, “Do leaf surface characteristics affect agro bacterium in fection intea,” J. Biosci.,vol.29,no. 3, 2004, pp. 309–317.

5.       Ji- Xiang  Du, De-Shuang Huang, Xiao Feng Wang, and Xiao Gu, “Computer-aided plant species identification (capsi) based on leaf shape matching technique,” Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control,vol.28,2006,pp.275-284.

6.       J.-X.  Du,  X.-F.  Wang,  and G.-J. Zhang, “Leaf shape based plant species recognition,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, 2007,vol.185

7.       J. Shlens, “A tutorial on principal component analysis”,2005 [Online]. Available: http://www.cs.cmu.edu/_elaw/papers/pca

8.       N. Cristianini, and J. Shawe-Taylor, “An Introduction to Support Vector Machines”, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

 

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7.

Authors:

Parag R. Nadkarni, Padmakar J. Salunke, Trupti Narkhede

Paper Title:

Analytical Investigation of Cable Stayed Bridge Using Various Parameters

Abstract:   In this paper, analysis of 240 m long fan type cable stayed bridge having single plane of cables is carried out with the help of software facilities. Effects of various parameters such as stiffness of deck and pylon and number of cables on the behaviour of cable stayed bridge were observed. To save time in modelling of bridges manually, a programming tool has been developed in excel software with the help of visual basic macro for the purpose of parametric study of Cable stayed bridge. With the help of this tool, number of models of cable-stayed bridge can be automatically generated in software SAP-2000. From the analysis of number of models, comparison of bending moments at critical locations in the structure is done.

Keywords:
   Cable stayed bridge, parametric study, SAP2000, Interactive Database, VB program, Form control, Class 70R, Class A

References:

1.        Pao-Hsii Wang and Chiung-Guei Yang, 1996, ”Parametric studies on cable-stayed bridges”, Computers & Structures, Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. 243-260.
2.        J. H. O. Negrao and L. M. C. Simos, 1997, ”Optimization of cable-stayed bridges with three-dimensional modelling”, Computers & Structures, Vol. 64, No. 1-4, pp. 741-758.

3.        Wei-Xin Ren, 1999, “Ultimate behavior of long span cable stayed bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 4, No.1, pp.30-37.

4.        Hany W. George, 1999, ”Influence of deck material on response of cable-stayed bridges to live loads”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.4, No.2, pp.136-142.

5.        David T. Lau and S.H. Cheng, 2000, “3D flutter analysis of bridges spline finite-         strip method”, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.126, No.10, pp.1246-1254.

6.        Pao-Hsii Wang, Hung-Ta Lin and Tzu-Yang Tang, 2001, “Study on nonlinear analysis of a highly redundant cable-stayed bridge”, Computers & Structures, Vol. 80, pp.165-182.

7.        Ho-Kyung Kim, Masanobu Shinozuka and Sung Pil Chang, 2004, “Geometrically nonlinear buffeting response of a cable stayed bridge”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol.130, No.7, pp.848-857.

8.        P.N. Godbole, Shilpa S. Kulkarni and R.K. Ingle, 2006, “Modelling of cable stayed bridges”, Advances in Bridge Engineering, Vol.126, No.10, pp.161-169.

9.        A.M.S. Freire , J.H.O. Negrao and A.V. Lopes, 2006, “Geometrical nonlinearities on the static analysis of highly flexible steel cable-stayed bridges”, Computers and Structures, Vol.84, pp. 2128–2140.

 

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Volume-4 Issue-5

 Download Abstract Book

S. No

Volume-4 Issue-5, November 2015, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.

1.

Authors:

P. Dayaker, Chandrakant K. Daf

Paper Title:

Defending Against Password Guessing Attacks on Web Applications

Abstract:    Brute force and dictionary attacks on password protected remote login services are increasing rapidly. Letting legitimate user’s login conveniently while preventing such attacks is difficult. Automated Turing Tests (ATTs) are effective and easy to implement but cause reasonable amount of inconvenience to the user. We discuss the existing and proposed login protocols designed to prevent large scale online dictionary attacks. We propose Password Guessing Resistant Protocol (PGRP), which is derived upon revisiting prior proposals designed to restrict such attacks. PGRP reduces the total number of login attempts from an unknown remote host while trusted or legitimate users can make several failed login attempts before being challenged by ATT.

Keywords:
    Brute force, Attacks, CAPTCHA, PGRP.

References:

1.       E. Bursztein, S. Bethard, J.C. Mitchell, D. Jurafsky, and C.Fabry, “How Good Are Humans at Solving CAPTCHAs? A Large Scale Evaluation,” Proc. IEEE Symp. Security and Privacy, May 2010.
2.       Usability of CAPTCHAs Or usability issues in CAPTCHA design Jeff Yan, Ahmad Salah El Ahmad July 2008

3.       Password Protected Smart Card and MemoryStick Authentication Against Dictionary Attacks Yongge Wan, March 3, 2012.

 

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2.

Authors:

E. Nagabhooshanam, Y. Gayathri, G.Praveen, K. Deepak, D. Sireesha

Paper Title:

Monitoring of Health @ Home using Sensing Devices

Abstract:     The current healthcare model is mostly in-hospital based and consists of periodic visits. Nowadays, chronic heart failure (CHF) affects an ever-growing segment of population, and it is among the major causes of hospitalization for elderly citizens. The actual out-of hospital treatment model, based on periodic visits, has a low capability to detect signs of destabilization and leads to a high re-hospitalization rate. To this aim, in this paper, a complete and integrated Information and Communication Technology system is described enabling the CHF patients to daily collect vital signs at home and automatically send them to the Hospital Information System, allowing the physicians to monitor their patients at distance and take timely actions in case of necessity. A minimum set of vital parameters has been identified, consisting of electrocardiogram, SpO2, blood pressure, and weight, measured through a pool of wireless, non-invasive biomedical sensors. A multi-channel front-end IC for cardiac sensor interfacing has been also developed. Sensor data acquisition and signal processing are in charge of an additional device, the home gateway. All signals are processed upon acquisition in order to assert if both punctual values and extracted trends lay in a safety zone established by thresholds. Per-patient personalized thresholds, required measurements and transmission policy are allowed. As proved by first medical tests, the proposed telemedicine platform represents a valid support to early detect the alterations in vital signs that precede the acute syndromes, allowing early home interventions thus reducing the number of subsequent hospitalizations.

Keywords:
   Biomedical instrumentation, chronic heart failure, e-health, sensor signal processing, tele-monitoring, vital signs sensors.

References:

1.        “SHAPE survey results to the general public,” in Proc. Annu. Congr. Eur. Soc. Cardiol. Vienna, Vienna, Austria, Sep. 2003.
2.        F. Zannad, N. Agrinier, and F. Alla, “Heart failure burden and therapy,” Europace, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1–9, Nov. 2009.

3.        Roger, A. S. Go, D. M. Lloyd-Jones, R. J. Adams, J. D. Berry, T. M. Brown, M. R. Carnethon, S. Dai, G. de Simone, E. S. Ford, C. S. Fox, H. J. Fullerton, C. Gillespie, K. J. Greenlund, S. M. Hailpern, J. A. Heit, P. M. Ho, V. J. Howard, B. M. Kissela, S. J. Kittner, D. T. Lackland, J. H. Lichtman, L. D. Lisbeth, D. M. Makuc, G. M. Marcus, A. Marelli, D. B. Matchar, M. M. McDermott, J. B. Meigs, C. S. Moy, D. Mozaffarian, M. E. Mussolino, G. Nichol, N. P. Paynter, W. D. Rosamond, P. D. Sorlie, R. S. Stafford, T. N. Turan, M. B. Turner, N. D.Wong, and J.Wylie-Rosett, “Heart disease and stroke statistics—2011 update: A report from the American Heart Association,” Circulation, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. 18–209, Feb. 2011.

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national trends in readmission rates after heart failure hospitalization,” Circ., Heart Fail., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 97–103, Jan. 2009.

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3.

Authors:

Santosh L Bidve, Bhushan S Deshmukh, Abhilash G Chamwad, V K Pachghare, Rahul B Adhao

Paper Title:

Wireless Intrusion Detection System using Reputation

Abstract:      Development in the field of Information Technology has led to increase in speed of Internet. With the increase in internet users there is a tremendous increase in network traffic. Increase in network traffic has also increased the threat of intrusion over the network. For the ever growing internet speed there is a necessity to modify the intrusion detection system in order to detect the intrusion threats across the network. In order to meet these needs of Intrusion detection system we can use the combination of packet based and flow based systems. Reduction of false alarm is also a matter of concern in intrusion detection.

Keywords:
    Intrusion Detection, Reputation, IP Flow, Packet Flow.

References:

1.       Bernard Menezes, “Network Security and Cryptography”, Cengage Learning, pp. 235-237.
2.       Dr. V K Pachghare , “Cryptography and Information Security”, PHI publication

3.       Rahul B Adhao, Avinash R Kshirsagar, Dr. V K Pachghare,”Reputation Based Fast Intrusion Detection”2014

4.       F. Sabahi and A. Movaghar, “Intrusion Detection: Survey”, The Third International Conference on System and Network communications, 2008, pp. 23-26.

5.       M. Sharma , A Kaushik, A. Sanghwan “ Performance Analysis of Real time Intrusion Detection and Prevention System Using Snort”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, (IJERT), July 2012.

6.       C. Kruegel, F. Valeur and G. Vigna, “Intrusion Detection and Correlation: Challenges and Solutions”, Springer- Verlag Telos, 2004.

7.       Keldor Gerrigagoitia  , Roberto Uribeetxeberria , Urko Zurutuza , and Ignacio Arenaza,”Reputation-based Intrusion Detection System for wireless sensor networks”.

8.       Trung Dong Huynh “Trust And Reputation in Open Multi-Agent System”.

9.       Chinyang Henry Tseng, Poornima Balasubramanyam, “Specification Based Intrusion Detection Model for OLSR”.

10.    L Premaajeshwari, “Enhanced Intrusion Detection Techniques for mobile Ad Hoc networks”.

11.    Anna Sperotto and Aiko Pras, “Flow Based Intrusion Detection System”, 12th IFIP/IEEE 2011: Dissertation Digest, 2011, pp. 958-963.

12.    G. Sadasivan, N. Brownlee, B. Claise, “Network Working Group” RFC 5470

 

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4.

Authors:

Mohammed Jassim Mohammed Jassim

Paper Title:

Printed Text and Handwriting Identification in Noisy Document Images

Abstract:    In this project, we address the problem of segmenting and identifying text in noisy document images. The identification of machine printed text and handwriting is important because: (1) recognition techniques available for machine printed text and handwriting are significantly different (2) Handwriting in a document indicates corrections, additions that should be treated differently from the main content. Instead of using simple noise filtering techniques, our approach treat noise itself is treated as a class. Thus our approach becomes a three-class identification problem (Machine Printed Text, Handwriting and Noise). After performing text identification, post processing is performed to refine classification accuracy.

Keywords:
 Document Analysis, Printed Text, Segmentation, Markov Random Field, Hidden Markov Model … .


References:

1.        A.K. Jain and B. Yu, “Document Representation and Its Application to Page Decomposition,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 294-308, Mar. 1998.
2.        S. N. Srihari, Y. C. Shim and V. Ramanaprasad. A system to read names and address on tax forms. Technical Report CEDAR-TR-94-2, CEDAR, SUNY, Buffalo, 1994.

3.        K. C. Fan, L. S. Wang and Y. T. Tu. Classification of machine-printed and handwritten texts using character block layout variance. Pattern Recognition, 31(9), pages 1275–1284, 1998.

4.        K. Kuhnke, L. Summoning and Zs. M. Kovacs-V. A system for machine-written and handwritten Character distinction. In Proc. of the 3rd Inter. Conf. On Document Analysis & Recognition, Pages 811–814, 1995.

5.        Y. Zheng, C. Liu and X. Ding. Single character type identification. In Proc. of SPIE Vol.4670, Document Recognition & Retrieval IX, pages 49–56, 2001.

6.        J. K. Guo and M. Y. Ma. Separating handwritten material from machine printed text using hidden Markov models. In Proc. of the 6th Inter. Conf. On Document Analysis & Recognition, pages 439–443, 2001.

7.        www.mathworks.com

 

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5.

Authors:

Abdullah .M.Y. AL-Hersh, Mahmoud .M.M. AL-Zyood

Paper Title:

The Effect of CRM on Customer Satisfaction Field Study on Jordanian & Saudi Bank Services

Abstract:     Due to the rapid expansion in banks and the severe competition for customers’ retention, banks have started using various marketing strategies to achieve their objectives. Customer Relationship Marketing is one of the marketing strategies that may be used in this respect. The study aims to investigate the impact of Customer Relationship Marketing on Customer Satisfaction in Banking Industry in KSA and Jordan. An e-mail questionnaire was designed and sent to 500 hundred customers of Arab Bank in KSA and Jordan, creating two sample pools of respondents. A total of 151 of the collected questionnaires were valid. The study findings show medium to  high degrees of positive attributes of the two samples toward Customer Relationship Marketing dimensions (trust, commitment, communication, empathy, social bonding and fulfilling promises) on customer satisfaction. The findings also indicate different attitudes regarding the importance of Customer Relationship Marketing dimension between the two samples. The findings also indicate different results regarding the impact of Customer Relationship Marketing on customer’s satisfaction due to gender, age and educational level. Ultimately, the study suggested that Arab bank, whether in the study’s two selected countries, or in other countries where it has branches and operates from, should apply Customer Relationship Marketing in order to maintain its market share in the market..

Keywords:
 Customer Relationship, Customer Satisfaction, Bank Services .


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6.

Authors:

Sachin G. Gaikwad, P.S. Swami, A. G.Thosar

Paper Title:

Comparison of Conventional and Fuzzy Logic Approach for DGA of EHV Transformer

Abstract:   this paper deals with Dissolved gas analysis (DGA) of Extra High Voltage (EHV) transformers. Dissolved gas analysis (DGA) is a commonly used diagnostic testing tool which gives valuable information about fault developed inside the transformer. Development of incipient fault inside the transformer causes decomposition of oil and generation of combustible hydrocarbon gases. Amount and type of gas generated depends upon nature of fault in transformer.IEC and IEEE standards specify various techniques for interpretation of DGA test results. These conventional techniques include various ratio analysis methods. Many times these techniques fail to detect fault in transformer.  This paper describes Fuzzy logic approach for interpretation of DGA test results. In this paper conventional and fuzzy logic method of DGA interpretation are implemented in MATLAB. DGA test data available for various EHV transformers is applied to fuzzy logic and conventional methods of DGA interpretation. Results obtained are compared with actual condition of transformer. Based on results obtained accuracy of fault detection for fuzzy logic method is calculated and compared with conventional interpretation methods.

Keywords:
 DGA, Duval triangle, Fuzzy logic, IEC ratio .


References:

1.     W. Flores, E. Mombello, J.A. Jardini, and G. Ratta,, “A Novel Algorithm for the Diagnostics of Power Transformers Using Type -2 Fuzzy Logic Systems”, IEEE Trans. Article 978-1-4244-1904-3/08 2008.2.     Kjani Guri,Sadik Latifaj,Lindita Latifaj,Avni Alidemaj, “The filtration process of power transformer” Article, International Journal of Pure and Applied Research in Engineering and Technology,2012,volume1(1):88-99.
3.     S.Qaedi, and S. Seyedtabaii, “Improvement in Power Transformer Intelligent Dissolved Gas Analysis Method”at World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 61, 2012.

4.     IEC 60599-1999:03 Standard, Mineral oil-impregnated electrical equipment in service – Guide to the interpretation of dissolved and free gases analysis.

5.     IS 10593:2006, Standard, Mineral oil-impregnated electrical equipment in service – Guide to the interpretation of dissolved and free gases analysis.
6.     IEEE Guide for the Interpretation of Gases Generated in Oil-Immersed Transformers, IEEE Std C57.10-2008.   
7.     Shriya Shah “Online Monitoring Of Transformer Health Using Fuzzy Logic Approach ”,Proceedings of SARC-IRAJ International Conference, 14th July 2013, Delhi, India, ISBN: 978-93-82702-21-4.

8.     Nitin K. Dhote, Jagdish B. Helonde, “ Fuzzy Algorithm for Power Transformer Diagnostics ”, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Advances in Fuzzy Systems, Volume 2013, Article ID 421621.

9.     Naveen Kumar Sharma , Prashant Kumar Tiwari , Yog Raj Sood “Review of Artificial Intelligence Techniques Application to Dissolved Gas Analysis on Power Transformer ”, International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 4, August 2011.

10.  Ahmed Abu-Siada , Sdood Hmood “Fuzzy Logic Approach
for Power Transformer Asset Management Based on Dissolved Gas-in-Oil Analysis”, Chemical Engineering Transactions,33,997-1002 DOI: 10.3303/CET1333167

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7.

Authors:

Maya Stefanova, Rozalina Chuturkova, Evgeni Sokolovski, Nina Ilieva, Tsenislav Vlaknenski

Paper Title:

Prognosis Modeling of Nitrous Oxide Emissions after Catalytic Reduction

Abstract:    The present research aims to assess the effect of increasing the thickness of a secondary catalyst layer for N2O emission reduction at a nitric acid plant in Devnya, Bulgaria upon the ambient air quality. A mathematical modeling is done for simulating the dispersion of N2O emissions from the plant into the ground atmospheric layer taking into account the specific topographic and meteorological conditions of the region. Separate graphic models are done illustrating the dispersion of N2O emissions at two main scenarios – at current thickness of the secondary catalyst layer of 60 mm and at future increase of the catalyst layer thickness to 90 mm. Modeling results indicate that under equivalent meteorological conditions the planned increase of the secondary catalyst layer thickness leads to 69 % reduction of the annual average N2O concentration in the atmosphere. Maximum N2O concentrations over specific periods of time (1 hour, 8 hours and 24 hours) are also reduced over 3 times within the outlines of the exposed areas. Research results provide prognosis on the impact of the increased thickness of the secondary catalyst layer as a measure for N2O emission reduction upon the ambient air quality of the source region. Prognosis modeling provides a tool for assessing the contribution of N2O emissions from nitric acid production to the overall greenhouse gas emissions in long-term future periods regarding the implementation of quantitative commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. 

Keywords:
   ambient air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, nitrous oxide, prognosis air dispersion modeling, secondary catalyst layer.

References:

1.           The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1998
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3.           Ravishankara A. R., Daniel J. S., Portmann R. W. Nitrous oxide: The dominant ozone-depleting substance emitted in the 21st century. Sci., 326 (5949), 123-125, 2009

4.           Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2014 – synthesis report. Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC, Geneva, 2014

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6.           Agency for Energy and the Environment. Reduction of nitrous oxide in the nitric acid industry. Novem, Utrecht (The Netherlands), 2001

7.           European Commission. Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control. Reference Document on BAT for the manufacture of large volume inorganic chemicals – ammonia, acids and fertilizers, 2007

8.           Stefanova M. Industrial methods for nitrous oxide emission reduction. Ecological Engineering and Environment Protection, 12 (3-4), 89-100, 2013 [In Bulgarian]

9.           Perez-Ramirez J., Kapteun F., Schoffel K., Moulijn J. A. Formation and control of N2O in nitric acid production. Where do we stand today? Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 44 (2), 117-151, 2003

10.        Komvokis V. G., Marti M., Delimitis A., Vasalos I. A., Triantafyllidis K. S. Catalytic decomposition of N2O over highly active supported Ru nanoparticles (≤3 nm)prepared by chemical reduction with ethylene glycol. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 103 (1–2), 62-71, 2011

11.        Dai C., Lei Z., Wang Y., Zhang R., Chen B. Transfer and reaction performances of selective catalytic reduction of N2O with CO over monolith catalysts. Chin. J. Chem. Eng., 21 (8), 835-843, 2013

12.        Dacquin J. P., Lancelot C., Dujardin C., Da Costa P., Djega-Mariadassou G., Beaunier P., Kaliaguine S., Vaudreuil S., Royer S., Granger P. Influence of preparation methods of LaCoO3 on the catalytic performances in the decomposition of N2O. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 91 (3), 596-604, 2009
13.        Wen B., Ma J. H., Chen C. C., Ma W. H., Zhu H. Y., Zhao J. C. Supported noble metal nanoparticles as photo/sono-catalysts for synthesis of chemicals and degradation of pollutants. Sci. China Chem., 54 (6), 887-897, 2011
14.        Haibo Zhou, Zhen Huang, Chao Sun, Feng Qin, Desheng Xiong, Wei Shen, Hualong Xu. Catalytic decomposition of N2O over CuxCe1―xOy mixed oxides. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 125, 492-498, 2012

15.        Amrousse R., Katsumi T. Substituted ferrite MxFe1 − xFe2O4 (M = Mn, Zn) catalysts for N2O catalytic decomposition processes. Catal. Commun., 26, 194-198, 2012

16.        Iwanek E., Krawczyk K., Petryk J., Sobczak J. W., Kaszkur Z. Direct nitrous oxide decomposition with CoOx-CeO2 catalysts. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 106 (3-4), 416-422, 2011

17.        Rico-Perez V., Parres-Esclapez S., Illan-Gomez M. J., De Lecea C. S. M., Bueno-Lopez A. Preparation, characterisation and N2O decomposition activity of honeycomb monolith-supported Rh/Ce0.9Pr0.1O2 catalysts. Appl. Catal. B-Environ., 107 (1–2), 18-25, 2011

17.

18.        Pasha N., Lingaiah N., Reddy P. S. S., Prasad P. S. S. Direct decomposition of N2O over cesium-doped CuO catalysts. Catal. Lett., 127 (1-2), 101-106, 2009

19.        Amrousse R., Po-Jul Chang, Choklati A., Friche A., Rai M., Bachar A., Follet-Houttemane C., Hori K. Catalytic decomposition of N2O over Ni and Mg-Magnetite catalysts. Catal. Sci. Technol., 3, 2288-2294, 2013

20.        Haibo Zhou, Peilei Hu, Zhen Huang, Feng Qin, Wei Shen, Hualong Xu. Preparation of NiCe mixed oxides for catalytic decomposition of N2O. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 52 (12), 4504-4509, 2013

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25.        Stefanova M., Chuturkova R. Research of the efficiency of a secondary catalyst for nitrous oxide emission reduction at a nitric acid plant. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 23 (5), 1875-1880, 2014

26.        Stefanova M., Chuturkova R. Technical engineering for catalytic reduction of nitrous oxide emissions. GSTF Journal of Engineering Technology, 3 (2), 89, 2015

27.        Chuturkova R., Stefanova M. Assessment of the effect of nitrous oxide emissions from nitric acid production upon ambient air quality in Devnya region. Journal Scientific and Applied Research, 4, 163-170, 2013

28.        Stefanova M., Chuturkova R., Sokolovski E., Ilieva N. Dispersion modeling of nitrous oxide emissions from a nitric acid plant in Devnya region, Bulgaria. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 3 (5), 448-457, 2014

29.        Stefanova M., Chuturkova R. Catalytic reduction of nitrous oxide at a nitric acid plant in Bulgaria. Environ. Prot. Eng., 40 (3), 87-97, 2014

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8.

Authors:

Aparna Raut, Kiran Sukal, Anushree Khedekar, Monika Mohimkar

Paper Title:

Secured Password Verification Captcha Using Visual Cryptography

Abstract:     With the advent of internet, various online attacks has been increased and among them the most popular attack is phishing. Phishing is an attempt by an individual or a group to get personal confidential information such as passwords, credit card information from unsuspecting victims for identity theft, financial gain and other fraudulent activities. We are using visual cryptography algorithm for separating privileges. The use of visual cryptography is explored to preserve the privacy of an image CAPTCHA by decomposing the original image CAPTCHA into two shares (known as sheets) that are stored in separate database servers(one with user and one with server such that the original image CAPTCHA can be revealed only when both are simultaneously available; the individual sheet images do not reveal the identity of the original image CAPTCHA. Once the original image CAPTCHA is revealed to the user it can be used as the password. of attacks.

Keywords:
    Visual Cryptography, SCD, DES, LSB.


References:

1.       Akash Mehara, Emon Vuess ,Enhanced Security in Cloud Computing(IEEE 2014)
2.       Divya James, Mintu Philip, A Novel Anti Phishing framework based on Visual Cryptography(IEEE 2014)

3.       Video Watermarking for Copyright protection using Scene Change Detection Algorithm(White Paper)
4.       Pik Wah Chan, Student Member, IEEE, Michael R. Lyu, Fellow, IEEE, and Ronald T. Chin, A Novel Scheme for Hybrid Digital Video Water-marking: Approach, Evaluation and Experimentation.

5.       Hamid Shojanazeri, Wan Azizum Wan Adnam, Sharifah Mumtadzah Syed Ahmed, Video Watermarking Techniques for Copyright Protection and Content Authentication (International Journal of CIS IMA 2013)

6.       Rini T Paul, Review of Robust Video Watermarking Techniques(NCCSE 2011)

7.       Gopika V Mane, G G Chiddarwar, Review Paper on Video Watermarking Techniques(International Journal of Scientific Research Publication,2013,April 2013)

 

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