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Volume-4 Issue-3

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Volume-4 Issue-3, July 2015, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.



Praveen Goudar, Veerbhadrappa A, S. G. Goudar

Paper Title:

Evaluation of Axially Loaded Piles in Sand

Abstract:     The load carrying capacity and settlement behavior of the axially loaded pile embedded in layered soils were studied. The piles are made up of cement mortar and timber is placed in sand medium of different densities. The piles are tested in a testing tank for different layer density combinations of homogeneous, loose over dense, dense over loose, loose layer sand witched between two dense layers and vice-versa etc.  The experimental results shows that the ultimate load carrying capacity of the pile is found to be maximum and minimum in homogeneous layered soil of higher and lower density respectively. The load carrying capacity of a cemented pile   is greater than timber pile for all types of densities. The rate of settlement is much greater in timber pile with low density sand.

wooden pile, cemented pile, sand.


1.     Shih-Tsung Hsu (2012), “Axially loaded behavior of driven pc piles”, Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 28, No.2, pp. 305-317.
2.     Zheng zhang (2009), “Simplified nonlinear analysis methods for vertically loaded piles and piled raft in layered soil” Brdge science research institute, civil eng. Dalian university of technology, Dalian, Vol.14.

3.     Basu .D, Salgado .R, Prezzi.M, Lee.J and Paik.K “Recent advances in the design of axially loaded piles in sandy soils” GSP 132 Advances in deep foundation, ASCE, 2012.

4.     Poulos.G.H (1989), “Cyclic axial loading analysis of piles in sand” Journal of geotechnical and geo environmental engineering, ASCE, Vol.115. No.6, 1989.

5.     Indian Standard-IS: 2720 (Part 3)1980 “Methods of test for soils, determination of specific gravity, fine, medium and coarse grained soils", New Delhi.

6.     Indian Standard-IS: 2720 (Part 4)-1985 “Methods of test for soils, grain size analysis-mechanical method”, New Delhi

7.     IS: 2386 (Part III) – 1963 “Part III Specific Gravity, Density, Voids, Absorption and Bulking” Indian standard methods of test for aggregates for concrete.
8.     IS: 2911 (Part4)-1985 “Part 4 Load Test on Piles” Indian Standard Code of Practice for Design and Construction of Pile Foundations.
9.     Indian Standard - IS: 2720 (Part 13)1986 “Method of test for soils, direct shear test”. New Delhi, India.






Ahmed Nafi Aziz

Paper Title:

Temperature and Conduction Heat Transfer Equations Development Using Three Dimensional Techniques

Abstract:      In this paper, new equations of temperature and the quantity of conduction heat transfer without and with heat generation for plan wall is presents. Temperature and Conduction heat transfer Equations are essential in application in all material, bodies or structure that has the same shape like the plan wall. For the plan wall without heat generation use wood material like plane wall shape where assumed that it has width, temperature value on the first side and on the second side, value of cross sectional area, value of thermal Conductivity. Therefore, one can determine the temperature at any point with different distance to study and analysis any parameter along the width of the wood material and the quantity of heat transfer from the first side to the second side in the wood material. For the plan wall with heat generation, the limestone material in plane wall shape assuming the width is present with the temperature value on the first and second side. Additionally, the value of cross sectional area, thermal conductivity and value of heat generation is considering. Results shows that the heat transfer Equations in the wood and limestone give better performance and accurate calculations compared with conventional equations. 

 Conduction heat transfer, thermal Conductivity, heat generation, heat transfer Equations.


1.        Y.C .Shih "Heat Transfer", NTUT, February 2013.
2.        H. S Carslow; J.C Jaeger "Conduction of Heat in Solids", Oxford University press, 1946.

3.        M. Abramowitz; I.S. Stegun "Hand Book of Mathematical Function", Washingon National Bureau, 1964.

4.        U.S Apraci "Conduction Heat Transfer", Addison Wesley, 1966.

5.        Y.A Cengel "Heat and Mass Transfer". McGraw Hill New York, A practical Apprach.3rd edition 2007.

6.        C. Geank Oplis. "Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles", Englewood Cliffs prentice Hill, 2003.

7.        H.P. Heisler "Temperature Charts for induction and Constant Temperature heating" A.S. ME, Vol. 69, No. 227, 1947.   

8.        F.B. Hildebrand "Advanced Calculus for applications", Cliffs Prentice hall, 2nd edition, 1976.

9.        J.P. Holman "Heat transfer", McGraw,HillNewyork, 5th edition 1981.

10.     P.E. liley; R. C. Reid. E. Buek. "Physical and chemical data", McGraw New York, 6th edition, 1984. 

11.     R.J. Rihando; G.w. Olerary "Ateaching Module for one-Dimensional Transient conduction" computer applications in Engineering education v.6,  1998, pp. 41-51. 

12.     P.J. Chenider. "Conduction Heat Transfer", Addison Wesley Incorporation, 1955.

13.     B.H. Jennings, "Environmental Analysis", International Text Book co, 1970. 

14.     W.B. Harper; D.R. Brown, "Mathematical Equations for Heat conduction in the fins of Air- cooled engines" v.158. 1922.

15.     K.A. Gardner, "Efficiency of extended Surfaces", ASME, Vol. 67, 1945, pp. 621-631.

16.     C.J. M00re, "Heat across Surfaces in Contact", Thermal/Fluid Science Rep. Vol. 67, No. 2, 1967.

17.     L.J: Ybarrondo; J.E. Sunderland "Heat from extended Surfaces", Ball.Mech.Eng. Vol.5, 1966, pp. 299-234.

18.     C.J: Moore; H.A. Blam; H.Atkins "Classification Bibliography for thermal contact resistance studies", WA/HT Company, 1968. 

19.     A.M. clausing, "Transfer at interface of Dissimilar metals", Int. J. Mass Transfer,  Vol. 9, 1966, PP. 791.

20.     D.Q; A.D. Kranus, "Extended surface Heat Transfer", MC Graw Hill Book Company, 1972

21.     R. Sigel; J.R. Howell, "Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer", 2nd Edition, MC Graw-Hill Company, 1980.

22.     E. Fried, "Thermal Conductivity", Academic Press Incorporation,  New York, Vol.2, 1969.

23.     I.S. Fletcher, "Recent Developments in Contact Conductance Heat Transfer", J.Heat Transfer, Vol. 110, Nno.4 (B), 1988, pp. 1059.






Srikrishna M. R, V. Ramesh, Raghavendra Y. B

Paper Title:

A Study on Concrete by Adding Chemical Admixture and Using M-Sand and by Partial Replacement of Cement by Fly Ash

Abstract:       The utilization of Fly ash in concrete as partial replacement of cement is gaining immense importance today, mainly on account of the improvements in the long term durability of concrete combined with ecological benefits. Scarcity of good quality Natural river sand due to depletion of resources and restriction due to environmental consideration has made concrete manufacturers to look for suitable alternative Fine aggregate. One such alternative is “Manufactured Sand”. In this paper, an attempt has been made to find out the strength of cement concrete containing Fly ash as a puzzolanic material, Manufactured sand and Chemical admixture. Through standard parameters about 24% of cement is replaced by  class F Fly ash, 100% replacement of Natural sand is done by Manufactured sand, SNF based Chemical admixture is added by 0.6% of cementitious materials and PCE by 0.5% of cementitious materials is added to the concrete to reduce the water content during the mix and to increase the strength parameters. Mix designs were made for M35 and M25 standard concrete mixes and their Strength parameters such as Compressive strength test, Flexural test and Test on cylinders were studied at 7, 28 and 56 days and Durability tests such as Acid test and Base test were studied at 56 days. Studies revealed that the cost whole Concrete mix will become economical than normal concrete mix. Comparing SNF and PCE, PCE in Concrete mix gave better results than SNF in almost every parameters.

 Fly Ash, Compressive strength, Modulus of Rupture, Durability, SNF, PCE


1.    Sarath Chandra Kumar Bendapudi, “Contribution of Fly ash to the properties of Mortar and Concrete”, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, ISSN 0974-5904, Volume 04, No 06 SPL, October 2011, pp 1017-1023.
2.    Dr. –Ing. Abebe Dinku, et.al, “The use of manufactured sand in concrete production: test results and cost comparison.”, (July-2006)

3.    Muhannad Ismeik, “Effect of Mineral Admixtures on Mechanical Properties of High Strength Concrete Made with Locally Available Materials”, Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, Volume 3, No. 1, (2009)

4.    Anshuman Dogra,et.al, “Study of the Admixture-cement Compatibility for the Economic Production of Special Concretes”, International Journal of Civil Engineering Research. ISSN 2278-3652 Volume 5, Number 1 (2014), pp. 43-48

5.    Nimitha.,et.al, “Effect of Manufactured Sand on Durability Properties of Concrete”,  American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) e-ISSN : 2320-0847 p-ISSN : 2320-0936 Volume-02, Issue-12, pp-437-440






L. Amudha, T.M. Nithya

Paper Title:

A New Paradigm for Automatic Unveiling of Human Thoughts by Reading Brain Signals

Abstract:    we now live in the age of deception. Existing techniques to detect deception uses polygraph methods to assess whether a suspect is guilt or not. These methods rely on measurement of autonomic arousal like palm sweating, facial expressions, words uttered, and answer to queries, actions and heart rate to get knowledge about any crime scene. No criminal would ever accept his crime. And a practiced user can conceal the emotions mentioned above. The most detailed knowledge of any crime is locked away in the brain of the person who committed it. The fact is that no person has control over his brain signals. Use of functional magnetic resonance imaging in lie detection derives from studies suggesting that persons asked to lie show different patterns of brain activity than they do when being truthful. There are over a billion neurons in the brain that communicate with each other using electrochemical signal. Since no person can hide his brain signals, a novel and easy method of detecting concealed information, brain fingerprinting using EEG (Electroencephalogram) is gaining wide attention among investigating agencies. The issues and applicability of brain fingerprinting is discussed in the following sections and a wide range of research scope is also proposed.

 Polygraph, Electroencephalography (EEG),   Brain fingerprinting, P300-MERMER, ERP signals.


1.     Lawrence A. Farwell, Brain fingerprinting: a comprehensive tutorial review of detection of concealed information with event-related brain potentials, Cogn Neurodyn (2012) 6:115–154
2.     Farwell LA, Smith SS (2001). Using Brain MERMER Testing to Detect Concealed Knowledge Despite Efforts to Conceal. J. Forens. Sci., 46(1): 135-143.

3.     Farwell LA. The brain-wave information detection (BID) system: a new paradigm for psychophysiological detection of information [unpublished doctoral dissertationl. Urbana-Champaign (IL): University of Illinois, 1992.

4.     Farwell LA, Richardson DC (2006b). Brain Fingerprinting in Laboratory Conditions. Psychophysiol., 43: S38.

5.     ”Brain fingerprinting field studies comparing P300-MERMER and P300 brainwave responses in the detection of concealed information” Lawrence A. Farwell, Drew C. Richardson, Graham Richardson, Cogn Neurodyn (2013) 7:263–299

6.     Schalk, G., McFarland, D. J., Hinterberger, T., Birbaumer, N., & Wolpaw, J. R. (2004, June). BCI2000: A General-Purpose Brain Computer Interface (BCI) system. (Vol. 51) (No. 6).

7.     Rosenfeld JP, Angell A, Johnson M, Quan J. An ERP-based, control question lie detector analog: algorithms for discriminating effects within individual's average
waveforms. Psychophysiology 1991; 28 (3): 3 t 9-35.

8.     Farwell LA, Hemandez R. Brain-wave detection of concealed information. Office of Research and Development of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); 1993.

9.     Sabeti M, Moradi E, Katebi, S (2011) Analysis of neural sources of p300 event-related potential in normal and schizophrenic participants. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 696, 589-97.

10.  Verschuere B, Ben-Shakhar G, Meijer E (2011) Memory Detection: Theory and Application of the Concealed Information Test. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1 edition.

11.  Dhiraj Ahuja and Bharat Singh, Brain fingerprinting, Journal of Engineering and Technology Research Vol. 4(6), pp. 98-103, November 2012.






V. S. Nimbalkar

Paper Title:

Effects of Electromagnetic & Radio Frequency on Human Body

Abstract:    This paper deliberates the effects of Electromagnetic in human beings and heat (energy) in a biological or non-biological system is frequency and also discussed on the exposure of microwaves from cellular networks. While it is not certain that RF radiation generally poses any risks to human health, some reasons exist for being concerned about human health effects from the cellular phones themselves. These concerns exist because the antennas of these phones deliver much of their RF energy to small portions of the user’s head It describes the energy content, interaction of microwave with biological system, measurement techniques and safety standards. In the era of wireless communication, the exposure to electromagnetic radiations is increasing. Most of these radiations fall in the category of microwaves. In addition,  domestic  appliances  and  medical  treatments  also  use  microwaves  for  various  purposes. Though  the  human  body  could  compensate  for  and  handle  the  extra  energy  load  through  the thermoregulatory mechanisms without obvious increase in temperature, stress could still.

 Radiofrequency, Electromagnetic, Frequency Spectrum, Bio Effects


1.     Zamanian  and  CY  Hardiman  Fluor Corporation,  Industrial  and  Infrastructure Group, Electromagnetic Radiation and Human Health: A Review of Sources and Effects b July 2005
2.     Kalluri  Sri  Nageswari,  1988  A  Review  on immunological  Effects  of MicrowaveRadiation.      IETE Technical review (India),5:203-210

3.     William R.  Hendee, John C.  Boteler.  1994. The Question of Health Effects from Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields. Health Physics 66: 127-136.

4.     Bohr H, Bohr J. Microwave enhanced kinetics observed in Optical Rotational Dispersion studies of a protein.  Bio electromagnetics 21:68-72; 2000a.

5.     Bohr H, Bohr J. Microwave enhanced folding and denaturation of globular proteins.  Phys Rev E61:4310– 4314; 2000b.

6.     K.  Sri  Nageswari,  Biological  Effects  of Microwaves and Mobile Telephony, (ICNIR 2003).

7.     T.G. Cooper, S. M. Mann, R. P. Blackwell, and S. G. Allen  “Occupational  Exposure  to Electromagnetic  Fields  at  Radio  Transmitter Sites”,  Centre  for  Radiation,  Chemical  and Environmental  Hazards,  Didcot,  Oxfordshire, 2007.






Sneha Khalate, Sumant Kulkarni

Paper Title:

Finite Element Analysis of Cold Formed Steel Bolted Connection

Abstract:  The aim of this paper is to present a simple and accurate three dimensional finite element Model (FE) capable of predicting the actual behavior of beam-to-column joints in steel frame subjected to static loads. The software package ANSYS is used to model the joint. The beam- column type connection is used for study. This is chosen for its complexity in the analysis and their inheritable non-linear behavior. Two experimental tests in the literature were chooses to verify the finite element model. The results of model in literature were compared with analytical model. Two modes of failure were identified from the tests; 1) Mode: Bearing failure in section web around the bolt hole. 2) Flexural failure of connected section. The structural behaviour of the connection including the moment – rotation relation, Load- deflection curve, the yield strength, and ultimate moment capacity of the connections were studied. The main parameters considered in this study were the thickness of flange & web, span and number of bolts.

  finite element Model, Cold formed, ANSYS, Connection, Bolted, Bearing failure, Flexural failure, moment – rotation relation, Load- deflection curve


1.        Bayan Anwer Ali, SariffuddinSaad, MohdHanim Osman, Yusof Ahmad “Finite Element Analysis of Cold-formed Steel Connections”- International Journal of Engineering (IJE), Volume(5),issue(2)2011.
2.        Bayan Anwer, SariffuddinSaad and Hanim Osman “Structural Performance of Bolted Moment Connections among Single Cold-Formed Channel Sections”- International Journal of Engineering and Technology Volume 2. No. 4 April 2012.

3.        Bayan Anwer Ali, SariffuddinSaad, MohdHanim Osman “Cold-Formed Steel Frame with Bolted Moment Connections”- 2010.

4.        Bayan A, Sariffuddin S., Hanim O “Cold formed steel joints and structures” – International Journal of civil and Structural Engineering Volume. 2 No 2, 2011.

5.        Tadaharu NAGAO, Tsuyoshi TANAKA, Hisashi NANBA “Performance of beam-column connections in steel structures” – 13th world conference on Earthquake Engineering Vancuver, B.C., Canada Agust1-6, 2004. Paper No. 1235.

6.        YanchengCai, Ben young “Structural behaviour of cold formed stainless steel bolted Connections”.

7.        K.F. Chung, K.H. Ip “Finite element investigation on the structural behaviour of cold formed steel bolted connections” in 2000.

8.        P. Manikandan, S. Sukumar and L. S. Naresh“Finite Element Modelling of Cold-formed Beams with Intermediate stiffeners”.

9.        D. Dubina, A. Stratan, A. Ciutina, L. Fulop,  Z. Nagy, “Strength, stiffness and ductility of cold-formed steel bolted connections”.

10.     Tae Soo KIM, Hitoshi KUWAMURA and Taejun CHO, “Prediction of Ultimate Behaviours in Cold-formed Steel Bolted Connection by the Introduction of Initial Geometric Imperfection in FE Modelling”-(ISIJ International, Volume 48(2008).  No. 5, pp. 671-680.

11.     Syahril Taufik1, “Numerical Modelling of Semi-rigid Connection with High Strength Steel” – 2013.

12.     Lixin Li, K.S.(Siva) Sivakumaran, “Beam – column behaviour of cold-formed steel lipped channel sections”.

13.     S. Taufik and S.Baharom “Finite Element Model for the Behaviour of Partially Restrained High Strength Web Angle Connections.” –Research Journal of Applied Science, engineering & Technology 6(6).

14.     M.F.Wong and K.F.Chung, “Experimental investigation of cold- formed steel beam-column sub frames: pilot study” – 15th International specialty Conference on cold-formed steel structures St. Louis, Misssouri U.S.A Oct. 19-20, 2000.

15.     K.M.Bajoria, R.S.Talikoti “Determination of flexibility of beam to column connectors used in thin walled cold formed steel pallet racking System”.

16.     Y.B.Kwon, H.S.Chung, and G.D. Kim “Experiments of Cold Formed Steel Connections and Portal Frames” – Journal of Structural Engineering © ASCE/ April 2006( J. Struct. Eng.2006.132:600-607)

17.     ZilvinasBucmys, Gintalšauciuvënas “The behaviour of Cold Formed steel structure Connection”. – Engineering Structures and technologies 5(3) : 113-122.

18.     KuldeepKasushik, Avadeshkumar Sharma and Rishi kumar “Modelling and FE analysis of Column to beam endplate bolted connection”- Engineering Solid Mechanics 2 (2013)-51-66.

19.     A.Pirmoz “Predicting of /moment rotation behaviour of Bolted Connection using neural Networks”.

20.     Fattouh M.F. Shaker and Waseem M. AbdElrahrnan “Analytical behaviour of steel Pre-tensioned Bolted connections with flushed and extended end plates under bending”. – World Applied Science journal 30(6):673-684-2014(ISSN 1818-4952).

21.     Shemys. Babu, S. Sreekumar “A study on ductility of Bolted Beam- Column Connection”.- International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) Volume 2, Issue 5, Sep. – oct. 2012, pp-3517-3521. ISSN: 2249-6646.

22.     KuldeepKaushik, Avadesh k. Sharma, Rishikumar “A Review on finite element analysis of beam to column endplate bolted connection”. – ISOR Journal of mechanical & civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 8, issue 1(July- Aug. 2013), pp 97-103.

23.     Ye ongHueilee, Tahir, and Poi NgianShek – Hindawi Publishing Corporation the scientific World Journal Volume 2014, Article id 951216,11 pages.
24.     R. A.laBoube and W.W. Yu “Additional design Considerations for bolted Connection”. 13th International Speciality conference on Cold-formed steel Structures St. Louis, Missouri U.S.A, Oct 17-18,1996.
25.     Benjamin W. Schafer, A. M.ASCE, Dinar Camotim, “Special issue on Cold formed Steel Structures”. – Journal of structural Engineering © ASCE/May 2013/ 637.

26.     Tatiana Nazmeeva “Methodology of Experimental research of cold Formed steel Members”. – Proceedings of the International Conference 3,Inovative materials, Structures and technologies”

27.     ( doi: 10.7250/ iscconstrs. 2014.18)

28.     Jim Butterworth “Finite element Analysis of Structural Steel work beam to Column bolted Connections”.

29.     S.K. Duggal, “ Design of steel structures” the mcgraw-hill companies, 3rd edition

30.     Dr. B.C. Punmia, ashokkumarjain, arunkumarjain, “Design of steel structures” laxmi publications(p) ltd., 2nd edition

31.     Ramchandra, “Design of steel structure- II”- Edition: 2011.
32.     IS: 801-1975 Indian standard code of practice for use of cold-formed light gauge steel structural members in general building construction.
33.     BS: 5950-Part 5 British standard institution.1987, structural use of steelwork in building. Part 5. Code of practice for design of cold formed sections.

34.     IS 800: 2007 Indian Standard General Construction in Steel – Code of practice





D. J. Evanjaline, N. Kalpana, P. Raja Kumar  

Paper Title:

Security Enhancement of Wireless Protocol WPA (WI-FI Protected Access)

Abstract:   A Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a flexible data communication system implemented as an extension to or as an alternative for a wired Local Area Network (LAN). However, anyone can eavesdrop on information so that WLAN has the hidden security trouble such as leaking of electromagnetic wave or eavesdropping of data because WLAN adopts common electromagnetic wave as media to transmit data. Therefore, the security of WLAN is very important and outstanding.  This paper discusses the security flaws in wireless security protocol WPA and to describe a solution to enhance the security WPA.

   WLAN, WEP, Initialization Vector, TKIP, AES, WPA, WPA2, MIC.


1.    Mohamed Juwaini, Raed Alsaqour, Maha Abdelhaq , “A Review On WEP Wireless Security Protocol,” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, ISSN: 1992-8645, E-ISSN: 1817-3195 Vol. 40 No.1, 15 June 2012.
2.    Dr.R.N. Rajotiya, Pridhi Arora, “Enhancing Security of WI-FI Network”, International Journal of Computer Applications, ISSN: 2250 – 1797, Issue 2, Vol 3, June 2012.

3.    Arash Habibi Lashkari,Farnaz Towhidi,Raheleh Sadat Hosseini.Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP). International Conference on Future Computer and Communication, IEEE, 2009.

4.    Lashkari, A.H.;   Mansoor, M.;   Danesh, A.S.; Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) versus Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA). International Conference on Signal Processing System. IEEE, 2009

5.    DR.D.J.Evanjaline,P.Rajakumar,N.Kalpana; Two Tier Security Enhancement of Wireless Protocol WEP(Wired Equivalent Privacy). International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering.ISSN: 2231-2307, Volume-5, Issue-I, March 2015.

6.    Lashkari, A.H., A survey on wireless security    Protocols (WEP, WPA and WPA2/802.11i), Computer Science and Information Technology, 2009. ICCSIT 2009. 2nd IEEE International  Conference on 8-11 Aug 2009, E-ISBN: 978-1-  4244-3878-5

7.    Sandirigama, M, Security weaknesses of WEP  Protocol IEEE 802.11b and enhancing the   Security with dynamic keys, Science and  Technology for Humanity (TIC-STH),  2009, IEEE Toronto International Conference






Sahithi Govindaraju, Krishna Prasad Satamraju, Sathish Babu Kaapaarapu

Paper Title:

MIRCHI – A Cogent Tool for Prosthesis and Human Robot Interaction

Abstract:    To achieve highly dexterous manoeuvre with many degrees of freedom is of significant importance to perform normal hand-like movements. We present a powerful tool, Myoelectric Interface for Computer and Human Interaction (MIRCHI), which can be used in prosthesis, physiotherapy and Gaming technology. MIRCHI is useful for people undergoing upper limb prosthesis. Unlike most of the exiting prosthesis tools which are dynamic subject- or task-specific, the proposed system takes input from the muscle of the subject using surface electromyography sensors and generates corresponding movements with the aid of some predefined mapping functions. We have tested different movements from various subjects. Results show that the subject is able to make custom movements with lot of ease. The entire system is developed in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS and OpenGL is used for GUI. 

    Degree-of-Freedom (DoF), Human Computer Interaction, OpenGL, Prosthesis, Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.


1.       Parker, P., Englehart, K. & Hudgins, B., “Myoelectric Signal Processing for Control of Powered Limb Prostheses”, Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Vol. 16, Issue 6, 541-548, December 2006.
2.       Merletti, R. & Parker, P., “Electromyography: Physiology, Engineering and Noninvasive Applications”, IEEE Press Series on Biomedical Engineering, 460-464, 2004

3.       Kampas,P. Myoelektroden—Optimal eingesetz Medizinisch — Ortohopäsdische Technik 2001, 1, 21-27.

4.       Zardosthi-Kermani, M.; Wheeler, B.C.; Badie, K.; Hashemi, R.M. EMG feature evaluation for movement control of upper extremity prostheses. IEEE Trans. Rehab. Eng. 1995, 3, 324-332.

5.       Englehart, K.; Hudgins, B.; Parker, P.A. A wavelet-based continuous classification scheme for multifunction myoelectric control. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 2001, 48, 302-311.

6.       Huang, Y.; Englehart, K.B.; Hudgins, B.; Chan, A.D.C. A Gaussian mixture model based classification scheme for myoelectric control of powered upper limb prostheses. IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 2001, 52, 1801-1811.

7.       S. Bitzer and P. van der Smagt, “Learning EMG control of a robotic hand: Towards active prostheses,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robot. And Automat. ICRA, May 2006, pp. 2819–2823.

8.       D. Nishikawa, W. Yu, H. Yokoi, and Y. Kakazu, “EMG prosthetic hand controller using real-time learning method,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Syst., Man, Cybern., 1999, vol. 1, pp. 153–158.

9.       M. S. Erkilinc and F. Sahin, “Camera control with EMG signals using principal component analysis and support vector machines,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Syst. Conf. (SysCon), Apr. 2011, pp. 417–421.

10.    G. Naik, D. Kumar, and Jayadeva, “Twin SVM for gesture classification using the surface electromyogram,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Technol. Biomedicine, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 301–308, Mar. 2010.

11.    F. Orabona, C. Castellini, B. Caputo, A. Fiorilla, and G. Sandini, “Model adaptation with least-squares SVM for adaptive hand prosthetics,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robot. Automat., May 2009, pp. 2897–2903.

12.    M. V. Liarokapis, P. K. Artemiadis, P. T. Katsiaris, K. J. Kyriakopoulos, and E. S. Manolakos, “Learning human reach-to-grasp strategies: Towards EMG-based control of robotic arm-hand systems,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robot. Automat. (ICRA), May 2012, pp. 2287–2292.

13.    P. K. Artemiadis and K. J. Kyriakopoulos, “EMG-based teleoperation of a robot arm in planar catching movements using ARMAX model and trajectory monitoring techniques,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robotics Automat., 2006, pp. 3244–3249.

14.    P. K. Artemiadis and K. J. Kyriakopoulos, “An EMG-based robot control scheme robust to time-varying EMG signal features,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Technol. Biomedicine, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 582–588, May 2010.

15.    B. Ajiboye and R. F.Weir, “Muscle synergies as a predictive framework for the EMG patterns of new hand postures,” J. Neural Eng., vol. 6, no. 3, p. 036004, Jun. 2009.

16.    F. E. Zajac, “Muscle and tendon: Properties, models, scaling, and application to biomechanics and motor control,” Stanford Univ., vol. 17, p. 52, 1989.

17.    S. M. Radhakrishnan, S. N. Baker, and A. Jackson, “Learning a novel myoelectric-controlled interface task,” J. Neurophysiol., vol. 1, p. 47, 2008.

18.    S. M. Chase, A. B. Schwartz, and R. E. Kass, “Bias, optimal linear estimation, and the differences between open-loop simulation and closed-loop performance of spiking-based brain-computer interface algorithms,” Neural Networks, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1203–1213, Nov.2009.
19.    T. Pistohl, C. Cipriani, A. Jackson, and K. Nazarpour, “Abstract and proportional myoelectric control for multi-fingered hand prostheses,” Anna. Biomed. Eng., vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 2687–2698, Dec. 2013.
20.    Advancer Technologies Muscle Sensor Kit V3 manual https://github.com/AdvancerTechnologies/Muscle-Sensor-v3/blob/master/Documents/Muscle%20Sensor%20v3%20Users%20Manual.pdf?raw=true

21.    Arduino UNO https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/ArduinoBoardUno

22.    OpenGL Tutorial http://www.opengl-tutorial.org/

23.    www.yolinux.com/TUTORIALS/LinuxTutorialPosixThreads.html






Rakshasbhuwankar Dhanashree, Aade K. U.

Paper Title:

Design of Wireless Dot Matrix Printer

Abstract:     Major problem of Dot matrix Printer is its connection. Difficult to connect and disconnect again and again if different users are going to use different stations. This paper will solve the problem of connection by making it easy to connect wirelessly through ZigBee technology. ZigBee technology is advantageous in terms of range, coverage area, etc. It is very compact and easy to handle.

 ZigBee, PIC (Peripheral Interface Controller), microcontroller


1.       P.Rohitha1 ,P. Ranjeet Kumar2 Prof.N.Adinarayana3, Prof.T.Venkat Narayana Rao, “ Wireless Networking Through ZigBee Technology”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 2012.
2.       Mitsugu Terada, “Application of ZigBee sensor network to data acquisition and Monitoring”, International conference of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering , Volume 9, No. 6, 2009.

3.       S. K. Guha, P. Y. Nabhiraj, T. K. Bhaumik, C. Mallik, VECC, “DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN IEEE 802.15.4 / ZIGBEE BASED STAR NETWORK FOR DATA ACQUISITION AND MONITORING”, International conference of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering 2012.

4.       www.compareindia.com

5.       www.zigbee.org.

6.       http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microcontroller






Manasi Manjari Mohanty, Bhatu Kumar Pal

Paper Title:

Modeling & Simulation of Fluid Flow Behaviour during CO2 Sequestration in Coal Structure Using Comsol Multiphysics

Abstract:   In the present world, Global Warming has been one of the biggest problems regarding environmental aspect and CO2 is held responsible for that. It is an inevitable necessity to mitigate the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. CO2 sequestration is one of the best methods to reduce its concentration by trapping it beneath the earth in different geological conditions. The unmined coal seams and thin bands of coal provide a potential storage for CO2 with suitable geological environment. These days it has become necessary to study the relationship between coal structure and flow of fluids inside. In this paper, an effort has been made to study the behaviour of fluids i.e. CO2and methane inside of coal and the analysis has been carried out to study their velocity and pressure variations using COMSOL Multiphysics. Coal contains both cleat and porous structure. Cleats are the natural fractures in coal and pores are the important factors for migration of fluid inside coal. One model is developed to understand the fluid flow behaviour in cleat structure of coal.

 CO2 sequestration, cleat structure, Darcy’s law, two-phase flow


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4.       Gharasoo M., Deusner C., Bigalke N., Haeckel M., A comsolmultiphysics®-based model for simulation of methane-hydrate dissociation by injection of superheated carbon dioxide, Department of marine Geo systems, Kiel, Germany.

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8.       Guoxiangliu, Smirnov Andrei, Simulation of carbon sequestration in a coal-bed with a variable saturation model, Int. Jr. on Elsevier, pp. 1586-1594.

9.       Huang Zhao Qin, (2010): Modeling two-phase flow in strongly heterogeneous porous media, Research center for oil & gas flow in reservoir, COMSOL Conference (2010).

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11.    http://www.roymech.co.uk/related/fluids/fluids_viscosities.html.

12.    Kiehl. J.T., Trenberth Kevin E. (1997): "Earth's annual global mean energy budget" (http://web.archive.org/web/20060330013311/http://www.atmo.arizona.edu/students/courselinks/spring04/atmo451b/pdf/radiationbudget.pdf ) (pdf).

13.    Laubach S. E., Marrett R. A., Olson J. E., Scott A. R., (1997): Characteristics and origins of coal cleat: A Review, Int. Jr. ELSEVIER, pp. 175-207.

14.    Lia Song, TangaDazhen, Haoxua, Ziyang, (2012): The pore-fracture system properties of coalbed methane reservoirs in the panguan syncline, Int. Jr. Geoscience Frontiers (2012), pp.853-862

15.    Liu Guoxiang, Smirnov Andrei v., (2007): Numerical modeling of CO2 sequestration in coal-beds with variable saturation on comsol, COMSOL CONFERENCE (2007).

16.    OzdemirEkrem, (2004): Chemistry of the adsorption of carbon dioxide by argonne premium coals and a model to simulate CO2 sequestration in coal seams, Ph. D thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

17.    Petty, G.W. (2004): A first course in atmospheric radiation. Co2 absorbs and emits infrared radiation at wavelengths of 4.26 μm (asymmetric stretching vibrational mode) and 14.99 μm (bending vibrational mode). Sundog Publishing. pp. 229–251.

18.    PrajapatiNilay j. and Mills Patrick l., (2014): Numerical study of flux models for CO2: Enhanced natural gas recovery & potential CO2 storage in shale gas reservoirs, COMSOL Conference (2014).





Vasudeva G

Paper Title:

Design and Implementation of Radix-2 Modified Booth’s Encoder Using FPGA and ASIC Methodology

Abstract:    This paper presents the design and implementation of signed-unsigned Modified Booth Encoding (SUMBE) multiplier. The present Modified Booth Encoding (MBE) multiplier and the Baugh-Wooley multiplier perform multiplication operation on signed numbers only. Therefore, this paper presents the design and implementation of SUMBE multiplier. The modified Booth Encoder circuit generates half the partial products in parallel. By extending sign bit of the operands and generating an additional partial product the SUMBE multiplier is obtained. The Carry Save Adder (CSA) tree and the final Carry Look ahead (CLA) adder used to speed up the multiplier operation. Since signed and unsigned multiplication operation is performed by the same multiplier unit the required hardware and the chip area reduces and this in turn reduces power dissipation and cost of a system. The proposed radix-2 modified Booth algorithm MAC with SPST gives a factor of 5 less delay and 7% less power consumption as compared to array MAC.The Simulation results are obtained from MODELSIM and Physical design is done from encounter tool from cadence also area, power and timing reports are obtained from RTL Compiler from cadence.

 CLA, CSA, SUMBE, Booth Encoder


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5.       W. -C. Yeh and C. -W. Jen, "High-speed booth encoded parallel multiplier design," IEEE Trans. Comput. , vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 692–701, Jul, 2000.

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7.       RazaidiHussin, Ali Yeon Md. Shakaff, Norina Idris1, Zaliman Sauli1, RizalafandeChe Ismail1 and Afzan Kama An Efficient Modified Booth Multiplier Architecture, International Conference on Electronic Design, 2008.

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15.    Pratap Kumar Dakua, AnamikaSinha, Shivdhari&Gourab,“Hardware Implementation of MAC unit,” International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Engineering, vol. 3, 2012.

16.    M.Jeevitha, R.Muthaiah, P.Swaminathan, “Review Article: Efficient Multiplier Architecture in VLSI Design,” Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 38, no. 2, April 2012.

17.    Ravi Shankar Mishra, PuranGour, BrajBihariSoni, “Design and Implements of Booth and Robertson’s multipliers algorithm on FPGA,” International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 1, Issue 3, pp. 905-910, 2011.
18.    Tung Thanh Hoang, Magnus Själander, Per Larsson- Edefors, “A High-Speed, Energy-Efficient Two-Cycle Multiply-Accumulate (MAC) Architecture and Its Application to a Double-Throughput MAC Unit,” IEEE transactions on Circuits & Systems, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 3073-3081, Dec. 2010.
19.    Abdelgawad, MagdyBayoumi, “High Speed and Area-Efficient Multiply Accumulate (MAC) Unit for Digital Signal Prossing Applications,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits &Systems , pp. 3199 – 3202, 2007.

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22.    http://www.bdti.com/articles/evolution.pdf, 2000

23.    G. Lakshmi Narayanan and B. Venkataramani, “Optimization Techniques for FPGA-Based Wave Pipelined DSP Blocks”, IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr.
(VLSI) Syst., 13.No 7. pp 783-792, July 2005.

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26.    H. Lee, “A Power-Aware Scalable Pipelined Booth Multiplier”, In Proc. IEEE Int. SOC Conf., 2004, pp. 123-126.  

27.    J. Choi, J. Jeon, and K. Choi, “Power Minimization of Functional units by Partially Guarded Computation”, In Proc. IEEE Int. Symp.Low Power Electron.Des., 2000, pp. 131-136.






Akhilesh Kumar Gupta, Prabhat Kumar

Paper Title:

Design and Analysis of Grid Connected Photovoltaic Application

Abstract:     This paper provides the design details of 600W grid connected PV cell. Six PV cells are connected in parallel is considered as the source. The source voltage is then stepped up using a DC-DC boost converter.  The boost converter is then provides the voltage to a single phase inverter, which provides the AC signal which can be injected to the grid

  PV cell, DC-DC boost converter, inverter


1.       Bidyadhar Subudhi, Raseswari Pradhan, “A comparative study on maximum power point tracking techniques for photovolatic power systems,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 4, no. 1, 2013, pp. 89-98.
2.       Boualem Bendib, Hocine Belmili, Fateh Krim, “A survey of the most used MPPT methods: Conventional and advanced algorithms applied for photovolatic systems,” Renewable and Sustianable Energy Reviews, vol. 45, May 2015, pp. 637-648.

3.       Hegazy Rezk, Ali M. Eltamaly, “A comparative comparision of different MPPT techniques for photovoltaic systems,” Solar Energy, vol. 112, Feb 2015, pp. 1-15.

4.       Giovanni Petrone, Giovanni Spagnuolo, and Massimo Vitelli, “An Analog Technique for Distributed MPPT PV Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Industial Electronics, Vol. 59, No. 12, Dec 2012, pp. 4713-4722.

5.       Hiren Patel and Vivek Agarwal, “MPPT Scheme for a PV-Fed Single-Phase Single-Stage Grid-Connected Inverter Operating in CCM With Only One Current Sensor,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 24, no. 1, Mar 2009, pp. 256-263.

6.       Raseswari Pradhan, Bidyadhar Subudhi, “Design and real-time implementation of a new auto-tuned adaptive MPPT control for a photovoltaic system,” International Journal of Electric Power and Energy Systems, vol. 64, Jan 2015, pp. 792-803.

7.       Venkata Ratnam Kolluru, Kamalakanta Mahapatra and Bidyadhar Subudhi, “Development and Implementation of Control Algorithms For a Photovoltaic System,” in Proc. IEEE Students Conf. Engineering and Systems, 2013, pp. 1-5.

8.       Kinattingal Sundareswaran, Sankar Peddapati, and Sankaran Palani, “MPPT of PV Systems Under Partial Shaded Conditions Through a Colony of Flashing Fireflies,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 29, no. 2, June 2014, pp. 463-471.

9.       Subhransu Padhee, Umesh Chandra Pati, Kamalakanta Mahapatra, “Investigation on transient response of fuel cell power conditioning unit during rapid load changes,” in Proc. IEEE Conf. Computational Intelligence and Communication Technology, 2015, pp. 482-487.

10.    Kanhu Charan Bhuyan, Rajesh Kumar Patjoshi, Subhransu Padhee, Kamalakanta Mahapatra, “Solid oxide fuel cell with DC-DC converter system: Control and grid interfacing,” WSEAS Transactions on Systems and Control, 9, 2014, pp. 247-254.

11.    Kanhu Charan Bhuyan, Sumit Sao and Kamalakanta Mahapatra, “An FPGA based controller for a SOFC DC-DC power system,” Advances in Power Electronics, 2013. 

12.    Kanhu Charan Bhuyan, Subhransu Padhee, Rajesh Kumar Patjoshi, Kamalakanta Mahapatra, “Hysteresis Control of Power Conditioning Unit for Fuel Cell Distributed Generation System,” International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 8, issue 7, 2014, pp. 1143-1148.

13.    Dong-Yub Hyun, Chang-Soon Lim, Rae-Young Kim, Dong-Seok Hyun, “Average modeling and control of a single phase grid connected two stage inverter for battery application” Proc. IEEE IECON,Vienna,Austria,pp.487-492, 2013






Samer Chantaf, Amine Naït-Ali, Mahmoud Abbas, Mohamad Khalil

Paper Title:

Biometric Authentication of Individual Using M-Wave Signals

Abstract:   This paper suggests a new biometric method of human verification based on muscle response following an electrical stimulation is presented in this study. The corresponding response is called M-wave. The goal is to study the possibility of using the M-wave signals to verify an individual. In this work, parameters are extracted by modeling the M-waves using wavelet networks. The radial basis neural network method is then used to classify these parameters. This method has been evaluated on a set of M-wave responses corresponding to normal individuals. Consequently, very encouraging results have been obtained.

 M-wave; biometrics; wavelet networks; neural network; classification


1.     A.K. Jain, A. Ross, S. Prabhakar, “An introduction to biometrics recognition”, IEEE  Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology,Vol.14,No.1, 2004 , pp.4-20.
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4.     Q. Zhang, A. Benveniste, “Wavelet networks,” IEEE Trans. Neural Networks,Vol.3 , 1992,  pp.889-898.

5.     J. Zhang, G.G. Walter, Y. Miao, W.N.W. Lee, “Wavelet Neural Networks for function learning” IEEE Trans. Signal process, Vol.43, No.6, 1995,  pp.1485-1497.

6.     S. Haykin, Neural Networks: A comprehensive Foundation, Macmillan College Publishing Company, 2nd edition, New York, 1998.

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8.     L. Biel, O. Pettersson, L. Philipson, and P. Wide, ‘ECG analysis: a new approach in human identification’, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 50, No. 30, 2001 , pp.808–812.

9.     K.N. Plataniotis, D. Hatzinakos, J. K. M. Lee, ‘ECG biometric recognition without fiducial detection’, Proceedings of Biometrics Symposiums (BSYM ’06), Baltimore, MD, USA, 2006.

10.  Y. Wang, K.N. Plataniotis, D. Hatzinakos, ‘Integrating analytic and appearance attributes for human identification from ECG signal’, Proceedings of Biometrics Symposiums (BSYM ’06), Baltimore, MD, USA,  2006.

11.  S. Chantaf, A. Naït-Ali, P. Karasinski, M. Khalil, ‘ECG modelling using wavelet networks: application to biometrics’, Int. J. Biometrics, Vol.2, No.3, 2010, pp.236-249.

12.  S. CHANTAF, “ Biométrie par signaux physiologiques” PhD Thesis. Université Paris Est Créteil (UPEC), Paris, France, 2011.

13.  A.J. Robinson, L. Snyder-Mackler, “Clinical Electrophysiology: Electrotherapy and Testing Procedures”, 2007, Third edition, chapter 12: Clinical electrophysiologic Examination and Evaluation, ( page 424), Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.






Ashish Kori, Vilas Warudkar

Paper Title:

Functioning and Assessment of Uncoated and PVD Coated Carbide Tool and its Vibration Analysis

Abstract:    In today’s manufacturing industries there is an always demand and requirement of high rate of production, accurate dimensions, decrease in the cutting rate, increase in the quality of manufacturing machined part and machining of hard materials. In this experimentation work the machining and performance of uncoated carbide cutting tool and PVD Tin coated cutting carbide tool is experimented. The hard turning is done on hard material AISI 1045H and soft material pure aluminum under various parameters cutting speed, rate of feed and depth of cut. The machining is done under dry condition. The affect of various parameters of cutting tool and work material has been tested in experimentation work. The tool chatter vibration, surface roughness, tool wear is tested. The tool chatter vibration is measured by using Digital Vibration Meter (VM-8200) for both uncoated and PVD tin coated cutting tool in running conditions. The surface finish for tool material is measured by using Taylor Hobson roughness meter. In the last tool wear is measured by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) for both uncoated and PVD tin coated cutting tool. It has been found that hard turning on hard material at high speed, low rate of feed and high depth of cut is improved by using PVD Tin coated cutting tool and uncoated cutting too is good for soft material. The tool chatter vibration is very critical factor that’s affect on rate of production, dimensions, tool life, efficiency of machine, and etc. The high tool chatter vibration can break cutting tool that’s result on loss of material, decrease the rate of production, money loss, time loss. It is very essential to reduce tool chatter vibration, the various researches has been done on this factor but no researches exits that completely exit this factor. In this experimentation work the PVD TiN multilayer coating is used for minimization of tool chatter vibration that meets to the demands and requirements of today’s manufacturing world. The tool chatter vibration on uncoated cutting tool is high at high speed, low rate of feed and high depth of cut, whereas the tool chatter vibration on PVD Tin coated tool at same conditions is low. PVD Tin coated cutting tool give better performance as compared to uncoated tool. The surface roughness is also a very crucial factor that’s affect on the dimensions of the machined material and its quality. It is very necessary to achieve better surface finish. The PVD Tin coated cutting tool gives good surface finish as compared to uncoated tool. It also increases the life of tool that’s affect on performance and the demands and requirement of today’s manufacturing industries.

 Dry machining, PVD Tin coated, SEM, Tool chatter vibration.


1.        Yong Huang, Steven Y. Liang, Affect of Cutting Conditions on Tool Performance in CBN Hard Turning, Journal of Manufacturing ProcessesVol. 7/No. 1. 2005.
2.        A.K. Chattopadhyay, P. Roy, A. Ghosh, S.K. Sarangi, Wettability and machinability study of pure aluminium towards uncoated and coated carbide cutting tool inserts, Surface & Coatings Technology 203 (2009) 941–951.

3.        P. Roy, S.K. Sarangi, A. Ghosh, A.K. Chattopadhyay, Machinability study of pure aluminium and Al–12% Si alloys against uncoated and coated carbide inserts, Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials 27 (2009) 535–544.

4.        Renato Franc oso de A vila a, Alexandre Mendes Abra˜o , G. Cristina Dura es de Godoy, The performance of TiN coated carbide tools when turning AISI 8620 steel, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 179 (2006) 161–164

5.        R.F. Avila , C. Godoy, A.M. Abra, M.M. Lima, Topographic analysis of the crater wear on TiN, Ti(C,N) and (Ti,Al)N coated carbide tools, Wear 265 (2008) 49–56.

6.        D.I.Lalwani,N.K.Mehta,Y.J.Lin,Experimental Investigstion of cutting parameter influence on cutting forces and surface roughness In finish haed turning of MDN250 steel, journal of materials processing technology 206(2008)167-179.

7.        Recep Yigit , Erdal Celikb, Fehim Findikc, Sakip Koksalc, Affect of cutting speed on the performance of coated and uncoated cutting tools in turning nodular cast iron, journal of materials processing technology 2 0 4 ( 2008 ) 80–88.

8.        CH.R. Vikram Kumar, P. Kesavan Nair, B. Ramamoorthy, Performance of TiCN and TiAlN tools in machining hardened steel under dry, wet and minimum fluid application, Int. J. Machining and Machinability of Materials, Vol. 3, Nos. 1/2, 2008.

9.        M.A. ElHakim , M.D.Abad , M.M.Abdelhameed , M.A.Shalaby , S.C.Veldhuis, Wear behavior of some cutting tool materials in hard turning of HSS, Tribology International 44 (2011) 1174–1181.

10.     Noordin, M.Y., Tang, Y.C. and Kurniawan, D. (2007) ‘The use of TiAlN coated carbide tool when finish machining hardened stainless steel’, Int. J. Precision Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.21–29.

11.     J. Rech, A multiview approach to the tribological characterisation of cutting tool coatings for steels in high-speed dry turning, Int. J. Machining and Machinability of Materials, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2006.






Shraddha J. Patil, R. S. Talikoti

Paper Title:

Effect of Wind Load on High Rise Structure

Abstract:     The global urban population is expected to grow approximately 1.84% per year between 2015 and 2020. So to accommodate this large number of world’s population in the urban area there is not enough space available on the horizontal ground. So the Analysis and design of high-rise buildings for lateral load such as wind load and earthquake are the major issues which are playing significant role in recent decades in the designing of new high rise buildings. In this research we study about how wind load analysis plays an important role in designing and analysis of this high rise buildings. Analysis carried out on G+19 structure to study its behaviour in wind load. All dynamic parameter such as storey shear, storey drift, torsion in column, change in reinforcement of column, displacement of mass C.G., change in bending moment, shear force and axial force in column and change in stresses of beam are analyzed and summaries its governing condition

 Necessity of high rise structure, Wind effect on high rise, Governing parameter during wind load


1.    Wind effects on tall building frames-influence of dynamic parameters by B. Dean Kumar  and B.L.P. Swami, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 3 No. 5 (May 2010), ISSN: 0974- 6846.
2.    Effect of wind on structure by By Sukanta Adhikari, Prentice-hall Of India,2005

3.    IS 875 : Part 3 : 1987 Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other than Earthquake) for Buildings and Structures - Part 3 : Wind Loads.

4.    IS 875 : Part 5 : 1987 Code of Practice for Design Loads (Other than Earthquake) for Buildings and Structures - Part 5 : SPECIAL LOADS AND COMBINATIONS

5.    Study of Seismic and Wind Effect on Multi Storey R.C.C. Steel and Composite Building by Syed Rehan, S.H.Mahure, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT) Volume 3, Issue 12, June 2014, ISSN: 2277-3754 ISO 9001:2008 Certified