Calculation of the Height of Capillary Rise of Water in Soils
Tulakov Elmurad Salamovich1, Inoyatov Dilovar Tolibovich2, Kurbonov Alijon Sarabek o’g’li3
1Tulakov Elmurad Salamovich, Ph.D.; Department of buildings and structures, Samarkand State Architectural and Civil-Engineering Institute, Samarkand. Uzbekistan.
2Inoyatov Dilovar Tolibovich, applicant; Department of buildings and structures, Samarkand State Architectural and Civil-Engineering Institute, Samarkand. Uzbekistan.
3Kurbonov Alijon Sarabek o’g’li, applicant; Department of buildings and structures, Samarkand State Architectural and Civil-Engineering Institute, Samarkand. Uzbekistan.
Manuscript received on March 12, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 26, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2020. | PP: 4832-4835 | Volume-8 Issue-6, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: F9060038620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F9060.038620
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Rain and melt water will form temporary accumulations of surface water on the surface. When they seep into the ground, temporary streams of leaky filter water are formed. If a limited section of water-resistant soil layer or the roof of an underground structure is encountered in the path of these waters, a temporary aquifer-the upper layer of ground water-may form above them. In temporary and permanent aquifers, the soil pores are completely filled with gravitational water, the degree of water saturation is equal to one, and there is pressure under the surface of underground water. Above this surface is a zone of capillary moisture, while the level of capillary rise is determined by the granulometric composition of the soil and ranges from tens of centimeters in sand to several meters in dusty and clay soils. Capillary water rises in the ground on free canals formed by mutually communicating pores, or is kept in them in limbo.The lifting of the liquid in the capillary continues until the gravity acting on the column of the liquid in the capillary becomes equal to the resulting force. Capillary water penetrates from the ground into the walls and rises to a height of up to 2 meters. The normal moisture content of the brick walls is 0.02…0,03, and in the case of unprotected contact with moist soil is increased to 0.15…0.25. On the inside of the walls there is a damp, mildew. Evaporating water increases humidity in the room, and the salts released when it evaporates from salt solutions lead to peeling paint, destruction of plaster and wall material.
Keywords: Water Penetration Protection (Waterproofing), Chemically Bound Water, Water Vapor, Hygroscopic Water, Film Water, Capillary Water.
Scope of the Article: Water Supply and Drainage.