Solar Cell Position Control Building Design Using Microcontrollerf Optimizing Power Sunway in the Coffee Drying Application
Saifuddin1, Selamat Meliala2, Rosdiana3, Wahyuddin Albra4, Ikramuddin5

1Saifuddin, Faculty of Economic, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia.
2Selamat Meliala, Faculty of Economic, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia.
3Rosdiana, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe Indonesia.
4Wahyuddin Albra, Faculty of Economic, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia.
5Ikramuddin, Faculty of Economic, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 10 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 May 2019 | PP: 1490-1498 | Volume-7 Issue-6S5 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F12650476S519/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: The problem faced by the coffee farming community in Teritit Aceh Tengah is the process of drying coffee beans when the weather is not bright while maintaining the quality of the coffee beans. This study aims to simulate in proteus software prototype model solar cell tracker drying coffee beans. Energy absorbed through a panel driven by a solar cell tracker is stored inside the battery as an energy reserve when the weather is not sunny, cloudy or rainy. Solar cell tracking using microcontroller is used to follow the movement of the sun direction perpendicular to the surface of the coffee bean drying apparatus. This tool is necessary because it can optimize energy absorption and heat. The simulated solar cell tracker is used to automatically drive solar panels and solar collectors at an angle of 900 solar rays to maximize the amount of energy and heat gained. This research method is quantitative that is by simulation, observe and measure the things done on the prototype then experiment and data processing and evaluation of research data. After simulation of solar cell traker system, it can be concluded that the solar cell traker system has been successfully simulated using four components of Light Dependent Resistors, two servo functionalized to drive the integrated solar panels and solar collectors automatically. The use of liquid crystal disk and also virtual terminal to monitor every angle of the smallest direction of movement of sunlight and also the value of servo speed either in the vertical direction or horizontal direction. Liquid crystal disk response capability to sunlight and connection with servo movement has a good accuracy value so that the response obtained by servo faster to improve the energy efficiency of solar and calor energy to be obtained.
Keywords: Solar Cell Tracker, Control System, Microcontroller, Drying, Solar Thermal Energy Absorption.
Scope of the Article: Control and Automation