Early Growth of Zingiber Zerumbet (L.) Smith as Affected by Different Organic Fertilizers and Harvesting Times
Nurhidah Munawer1, Rozilawati Shahari2

1Nurhidah Munawer, Department of Unit Biology Science, Kolej Matrikulasi Pahang, Malaysia.
2Rozilawati Shahari, Department of Plant Science, Kulliyyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, Pahang, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 07 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 May 2019 | PP: 992-998 | Volume-7 Issue-6S5 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F11700476S519/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Smith or lempoyang has various application especially in pharmacological field. This study investigated the effects of different organic fertilizers and harvesting times on the early growth of lempoyang grown at Pahang Matriculation College. The 9 treatment combinations were arranged in a randomized complete block design with five replications. Chemical analysis of soil and organic fertilizers were conducted. The morphological growth were regularly measured at 2 weeks interval. The interaction between organic fertilizers and harvesting times gave high significant (P≤0.001) effect to tiller and leaves number, plant height and pseudo-stem diameter. Different organic fertilizers showed significant differences (p<0.05). Quail litter significantly produced the highest mean on leaves number (14.94), tiller number (8.10), height (33.50) and pseudo-stem diameter (0.83). Most morphological attributes showed directly proportional to the time. The maximum height (34.62) recorded in 150 days after transplanting (DAT) followed by 120 DAT (30.02). Combination of goat manure with 150 DAT produced plants with the highest growth biometrics for leaves number, length of leaf 1, length of leaf blade 1-3, width of leaf blade 1 and 2. From the findings of this study, it can be concluded that application of quail litter and goat manure in combination with late harvest could enhanced the growth of lempoyang.
Keywords: Lempoyang, Zingiber Zerumbet (L.) Smith, Organic Fertilizer, Quail Litter, Goat Manure, Harvesting Time.
Scope of the Article: Economics of Energy Harvesting Communications