Impact of Slab Thickness on Reinforced Concrete Buildings using Fragility Curves
Nirav K. Patel1, Sandip A. Vasanwala2
1Nirav K. Patel*, PhD Student, Civil Engineering Department, SVNIT, Surat, Gujarat, India. & Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Navrachana University Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
2Sandip A. Vasanwala, Professor, Applied Mechanics Department, SVNIT, Surat, Gujarat, India.
Manuscript received on January 05, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on January 30, 2020. | PP: 4533-4538 | Volume-8 Issue-5, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: E6850018520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.E6850.018520
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Earthquakes are the natural disaster occurring since years but during the last two decades they are causing huge looses whether it may economic or to life. This paper focuses to evaluate the seismic performance of various building confirming to Indian standard criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures and ductile detailing of reinforced concrete structures subjected to seismic Forces-code of practice, Bureau of Indian Standards, both as per the revised codes in the year 2016. Due to ground shaking, seismic loads are the governing load and thus it becomes necessary to assess the conditional probability of structural response. Use of HAZUS methodology is followed to construct seismic fragility curves as it is well-organized and defined approach. Spectral displacement plays the functional parameter to derive the expected damage for fragility. This work represented here is compiled by means of procedure for establishing the fragility curves for three typical Reinforced Concrete (RC) frame structures having variations resembling 3 storey intended for short-period structures, 6 storey used for medium-period structures and 12 storey representing long-period structures using SAP2000 as a software tool for analyzing the structure. Furthermore an attempt is made for focus on the variation of one of the major structural configuration i.e. slab thickness which is not certainly paid attention as compared to columns and beams. Slabs adds additional stiffness to the structure which can enlighten how it behaviour would be when subjected to ground excitation. As a result, the fragility curves are plotted to study the impact due to slab thickness in order they are carefully selected while design.
Keywords: Capacity Spectrum, Reinforced Concrete, Slab Elements, Hazus Methodology, Seismic Fragility Curve.
Scope of the Article: Concrete Engineering.