Performance Assessment of DI-Diesel Engine using the Blend of Sunflower Oil and Rice Bran Oil
Eswaran M1, Immanuel P2, Ramanathan M3, Rajavelu S4
1Eswaran M*, Mechanical Engineering, PSNACET, Dindigul, India.
2Immanuel P, Mechanical Engineering, PSNACET, Dindigul, India.
3Ramanathan M, Mechanical Engineering, PSNACET, Dindigul, India.
4Rajavelu S, Department of Physics, PSNACET, Dindigul, India.
Manuscript received on November 10, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 17, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 4048-4052 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8455118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8455.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Biodiesel, a derivative of vegetable oils and animal fats, is used nowadays as an alternative renewable and sustainable fossil fuel. In this work, the investigation of manufacture, characterization, and results of biodiesel blends are carried out using two important feedstock’s, sunflower oil and ricebran oil on engines. For the collective advantageous of sunflower oil and ricebran oil, the two biodiesels are combined together and the mixture is analysed to assess the engine performance and emission characteristics. NaOH catalyzed transesterification process is used for producing the Biodiesels A 4.4 kW, four-stroke, single-cylinder and direct fuel injection diesel engine is used for measuring physic-chemical with full load and varying speed conditions and using the specifications of ASTM D6751 standard, the properties are compared. It is observed that the Biodiesel mixtures produce a low brake torque and high brake-specific fuel consumption (BSFC) in addition to the reduction of CO and HC emissions. NOx, however, is reduced considerably with the improvement of brake thermal efficiency. The Performance analysis indicates that the mixture of sunflower oil and ricebran oil improves performance and emission characterizes over sunflower oil and ricebran oil biodiesel when they are unmixed.
Keywords: Biodiesel, Sunflower Oil, Rice bran Oil, Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC).
Scope of the Article: Application Specific ICs (ASICs).