Formation of Fractal Antenna Array for Multiband Applications
Sneha S. Kadam1, Neha S. Patil2, Prajakta B. Jadhav3, Pranali B. Kashid4
1Prof. Sneha S. Kadam, Assistant Professor E&TC department, SVERI’s College of Engineering, Pandharpur, India.
2Prof. Neha S. Patil, Assistant Professor, E&TC department, SVERI’s College of Engineering, Pandharpur, India.
3Prof. Prajakta B. Jadhav, Assistant Professor, E&TC department, Karmayogi Engineering College, Shelve, Pandharpur, India.
4Prof. Pranali B. Kashid, Assistant Professor, E&TC department, SVERI’s College of Engineering, Pandharpur, India. 

Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 26, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 3257-3263 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8048118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8048.118419

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Abstract: Antennas play a vital role in wireless communication; a thirst of excellence in this area is unending. Proposed work describes a concept of fractal multiband antenna designed in the hexagon shape. Basically fractal is the concept used in Microstrip antenna for giving better results than conventional Microstrip antenna. By using hexagonal fractal antenna we can possibly achieve the radiation pattern with high gain. The coaxial feeding is used and multiple hexagons are interconnected in array for maintaining conductivity and to preserve electrical self similarity. Hexagonal antenna is used for different wireless applications. The proposed antenna frequency band covers a large number of wireless communication applications including GPS (1.6GHz), Bluetooth (2.4 GHz) & WLAN (3.6GHz). Antenna design has been designed and simulated by using the software Ansoft’s HFSS and parameters like bandwidth return loss, directivity, VSWR are analyzed. Fabrication of the antenna is done by using wet-etching method, on FR-4 dielectric substrate material. Experimental results are taken on Vector Network Analyzer (VNA) and those obtained results were compared with simulated results. The hexagonal fractal antenna array is found to possess predictable multiband characteristics.
Keywords: Fractal Antenna, FR4, Microstrip, VNA.
Scope of the Article: Industrial, Financial and Scientific Applications of All Kind.