Numerical Simulation of Heat and Mass Transfer Along with Shrinkages in Brinjal (Eggplant/Solonummelongena)
S C Managuli1, Aswath2, H M Sathish3, K N Seetharamu4
1S C Managuli *, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, PES University, Bangalore, India.
2Aswath, Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India.
3H M Sathish, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Engineering, Mysore, India.
4K N Seetharamu, Chair Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, PES University, Bangalore, India. 

Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 26, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 2867-2872 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D6973118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D6973.118419

Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite  | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Heat and mass transfer plays a major role in food processing. During storage of food due to environmental conditions, the food is dehydrated and leads to a loss in weight. To maintain the food quality, basically drying method is used. Food material with a high quantity of moisture content experiences shrinkage during the drying process. The main aim of this present work was to simulate the drying shrinkage-deformation mechanism of Solonum Melongena (Eggplant/Brinjal) during the drying process. Heat and mass transfer model is coupled with structural mechanics and solved by COMSOL Multi physics tool. The mathematical model is validated by hot air drying experiment, for different temperature condition was conducted to study the heat and mass transfer along with deformations, including stresses. Temperature and moisture distribution of brinjal (eggplant) during drying were uniform, during drying material changes in shapes/dimensions. This prediction of results will help maintain the ambient conditions and preserve food quality.
Keywords: Stress Distribution, Deformation, Temperature and Moisture Distribution, Heat and Mass Transfer, COMSOL Metaphysics.
Scope of the Article: Numerical Modelling of Structures.