Effect of Soft Material Hardness and Hard Material Surface Morphology on Friction and Transfer Layer Formation; Lubricated Condition
M Basavaraju1, S Ranganatha2
1Mr.M Basavaraju, Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government polytechnic, Channasandra, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
2Dr. S Ranganatha, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University Visveswaraya College of Engineering, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
Manuscript received on 21 September 2013 | Revised Manuscript received on 28 September 2013 | Manuscript published on 30 September 2013 | PP: 59-66 | Volume-2 Issue-4, September 2013 | Retrieval Number: D0783092413/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Hot and cold forming of metals is carried out in industry for manufacturing engineering components. Such manufacturing processes employ dies, whose surface condition is one of the factors which characterize the surface finish of engineering components. The surface finish of engineering components is largely influenced by the tribological phenomenon at die and components interface. Lubrication, morphology and hardness of die surface are found to control surface finish of the products. In the present investigation a pin-on-plate sliding tester was used to identify the effect of surface morphology, lubrication and hardness on co-efficient of friction and transfer layer which characterizes the tribological behaviour. The morphology of mild steel (EN8) plate surfaces were modified by employing three different surface modification methods like grinding (silicon carbide wheel polishing), shot blasting and electric discharge machining methods. Surface roughness parameters which characterize the morphology of the steel plates were measured using a three dimensional optical profilometer. Role of hardness is studied by employing lead, copper and Aluminum (Al6082) pins which were slid against steel plates. Experiments were conducted for plate inclination angles of 1, 1.5,2 and 2.5 degrees. Normal load was varied from 1 to 150N during the tests. Experiments were conducted under lubricated condition in ambient environment. Scanning electron microscope was used to study the formation of transfer layer on plate and pin surfaces. It was observed that the co-efficient of friction and transfer layer formation were found to depend on the surface morphology of the harder surface under lubricated condition. The quantum of transfer layer formation on the surfaces is found to increase with increase in surface roughness.
Keywords: Friction, Lubrication, Hardness, Surface Morphology and Transfer Layer Formation.
Scope of the Article: Materials Engineering