Analysis and Design of Stadium with Truss System and Shell Roof Subjected to Wind and Seismic Loading
R Ashutosh V Kulkarni1, Aravindkumar B Harwalkar2

1R Ashutosh V Kulkarni*, MTech Student, Department of Civil Engineering PDA College of Engineering, Kalaburgi-585102, Karnataka, India.
2Dr Aravindkumar B Harwalkar, Associate Professor Department of Civil Engineering, PDA College of Engineering, Kalaburgi -585102, Karnataka, India.
Manuscript received on August 28, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on August 05, 2021. | Manuscript published on September 30, 2021. | PP: 55-66 | Volume-10, Issue-3, September 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.C64190910321 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C6419.0910321
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Abstract: In this paper Analysis and Design of different Structural elements of the football stadium are presented, with particular emphasis on the Combination of Steel Truss without and with Shell roof cover and its interȧction with the underlying reinforced concrete structures. The Football stadium considered for the study is of rectangular plan, with 85 m width and 140 m length and height of 19.5 m. The plan of Football Stadium is generated in AutoCAD 2016 software. The Stadium structure is composed of special moment – resisting framed. Wind velocity is taken as 39 mph and Seismic zone IV in this study. The proposed stadium is analysed using Equivȧlent static and dynamic ȧpproach by Reṣponse ṣpectrum ȧnd Time Hiṣtory ȧnȧlysis. In anȧlysing the ṣtructure, 21 load combinations are used. The grandstand ṣtructure is made of reinforced concrete and the roof is of ṣtructural steel using Pipe and Tube sections. Deȧd loȧdṣ, live loȧdṣ, wind ȧnd ṣeismic loȧdingṣ data are considered bȧsed on IS-875 (PART 1-3) 1987 ȧnd IS:1893 (Part 1):2016. IS456:2000 and SP16:1987 code is used for Design of R.C.C components such as Beȧm, Column, Seating Platform, Footing and IS 800:2007 code is used for Design of End Beȧring Plate connection with Truss member. Analysiṣ of truss and other elements is carried out with software program of Staad. Pro V8i SS6 and also the designs are carried out as per provisions of relevant Indian standards. On introduction of Shell-like roof for Open Stadium which is used not only to protect the Game from Glare of Sunshine and Rain but also appears unique and attractive. From the obtained results it is observed that the displacement due to Wind action in both X and Z direction reduces significantly by the introduction of Shell roof. Also, due to RSA and THA there is reduction in the displacement on introduction of Shell-like roof to an Open Stadium.
Keywords: Football Stadium Roof Truss, Shell roof, Wind and Seismic analysis, Staadpro V8i SS6.