Smart Farming using Temperature Sensor, Moisture Sensor, Flow Sensor and Ultrasonic Sensor Leading to Water Conservation.
Radhika Rajendra Garud1, Pradeep B. Mane2

1Radhika Rajendra Garud, Electronics and Telecommunication, AISSMS Institute of Information Technology, Pune , Maharashtra , India.
2Dr. Pradeep B. Mane, Electronics and Telecommunication, AISSMS Institute of Information Technology, Pune , Maharashtra , India.

Manuscript received on 11 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 17 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 4426-4431 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C5541098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C5541.098319
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Abstract: For the entire living organisms in this world water is the crucial element for survival. Without water there is no life present, which makes it very difficult to craft the art of survival. As the fresh water resources are very limited in numbers we have to use this usable form of water in a very artistic way so that the future may not get more worsen. Out of 100 %, oceans contribute in almost 97 % of salty water which can be rarely used for any of the daily activities. Only 3 % of water is in the fresh format and can be utilized by all of the living creatures today for their own survival. Nearly 70 % of the Earths land is covered by water and out of this only 3 % of water is available in the usable form and rest of the water is either saline or present in the oceans. Out of the 3 % of the fresh water available on the Earths crust today, only 1% of the water is easily available and accessible to all the living beings as rest of the fresh water is trapped under the North and South Poles – Ice caps, Glaciers and Icebergs. The day our planet Earth was born, it had a amount of fresh water, the same amount of fresh water is available now at this present time, but this available amount of water was quite adequate in the earlier times as the population was under control and also the human activities were under control. The same amount of fresh water today is in crisis as the population has exploded with several other human activities in it. The proposed System has the ability to conserve and to limit the use of water in an adequate and proper manner without wasting it. The use of several Sensors onto the fields will eventually alert the system to start or make ON the water supply if the sensed parameters will fall below the threshold value. The use of WiFi Module will enable us to archive and check the real time physical elements data collected from the field and can directly connected to computers or other USB devices.
Keywords: Water Conservation, Leakage Detection, Sensors, WiFi, Internet of Things(IoT), Wireless Communication Networks (WSN).

Scope of the Article:
Foundations of Communication Networks