Performance Assessment of the Vertical Flow Constructed Wetlands Treating Effluent from the UASB Reactor – A Demonstration in a Tropical Climatic Region
Kamal Kulshrestha1, Nadeem Khalil2
1Kamal Kulshrestha*, Department of Civil Engineering, A.M.U, Aligarh, India.
2(Dr) Nadeem Khalil, Department of Civil Engineering, A.M.U, Aligarh, India.

Manuscript received on November 19, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 29 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 9779-9781 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: B2378129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D2378.118419

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Abstract: This paper presents the performance of the vertical flow constructed wetlands (VF-CWs) that has been investigated at a demonstration-scale level for the treatment of effluent from the anaerobic digestor (up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket) for municipal wastewater. The area of the bed is 480m2 with a depth of 1.0m, having dual media. The macrophytes (vegetation) used in the VF-CWs is phragmites australis. The performance efficiency of the system was measured for different parameters like BOD, COD, TSS, TKN, and TC. The result indicates that the combination of UASB & VF-CWs offers a very promising way to deal with the municipal wastewater within cost-effective and sustainable approaches, particularly in the developing countries in a tropical climatic regions. The overall removal efficiency from UASB and VFCW for COD, BOD, TSS, TKN is 80.8%, 91%, 88.23% and 92.25% respectively. The total coliforms removal has been observed from 1E+06 to 1E+04 CFU/100ml.
Keywords: Municipal Wastewater, Vertical Flow Constructed wetlands, India, UASB, BOD.
Scope of the Article: Construction Engineering.