Flexural Behaviour of Delta Hollow Flange Steel Beam with and without stiffeners
Aishwarya M. B1, Sattainathan Sharma. A2, Pragathi. D3

1Aishwarya.M.B*, Civil department, SRM Valliammai Engineering College, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Sattainathan Sharma.A, Civil department, SRM Valliammai Engineering College, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India.
3Pragathi.D, Civil department, SRM Valliammai Engineering College, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India.

Manuscript received on April 30, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 06, 2020. | Manuscript published on May 30, 2020. | PP: 2139-2145 | Volume-9 Issue-1, May 2020. | Retrieval Number: A2671059120/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.A2671.059120
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In recent years of construction, steel has been considered as the most commonly used construction materials. Cold Formed steel has many structural benefits like high strength, greater stiffness, high ductility with excellent structural properties and fire resistance. The Cold formed steels are usually used in day by day in residential, commercial and industrial buildings around world. It also reduce the cross section of an element. Steel structure are faster in construction. The main aim of this paper is to study new steel beam. Rather than normal I-shaped beam, it is innovated to form Triangular Hollow Flange Beam (THFB) with slender web using required welded connection to improve the flexural capacity. THFB is also called as Delta Hollow Flange Beam (DHFB). Hollow Tubular Flange Beam provide more strength, stiffness, and stability than a flat plate flange with the same amount of steel. Flanges resist the applied moment, whereas web plates resist the induced shearing force. To improve the flexural resistance the use of the stiffeners also plays an important role, hence the flexural behavior of DHFB with the addition of transverse stiffeners has been investigated in this research work. Initially the section for the research has been chosen, Ultimate load has been calculated manually, Weld used for the sections are designed and they were analyzed through the Finite Element software called ‘ANSYS’. Later, five different specimen which includes specimen with and without stiffeners has been tested experimentally. The flexural test was carried out, along with that other properties like Ductility properties also calculated. From both analytical and experimental study DHFB shows positive results. They were highly used in various application which includes purlins, girts, portal frames and steel frame structures. Steel structure are faster in construction. 
Keywords: DHFB, ANSYS, Flexural strength, Stiffeners, Ductility factors.
Scope of the Article: Behaviour of Structures