Symmetrical Analysis of Low-Cost Filter Media and Their Efficiency in Treatment of Water
S. Sheik Niyas1, S. Dhanasekar2

1S. Sheik Niyas, Dept. of Civil Engineering SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Tamilnadu, India.
2S. Dhanasekar, Dept. of Civil Engineering SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Tamilnadu, India.

Manuscript received on April 30, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 06, 2020. | Manuscript published on May 30, 2020. | PP: 1603-1606 | Volume-9 Issue-1, May 2020. | Retrieval Number: A2486059120/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.A2486.059120
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Abstract: Separating is a compelling procedure in expelling particles from water because utilization of sand become nowadays is very challenging in filtration process. It is a necessity to find an alternative media which must satisfy the low cost, easy availability, high durable with less zone required and discharge of water. Many ponds are contaminated mostly in high level of turbidity. In this work it is identified the various synthetic filter media taken examined for the replacement sand. The high level of turbid water may contain slit, dissolved organic compounds, and other microscopic organisms. So, in this method all contaminants are removed. The filtration procedure was created to break down and filtration of lab scale arrangement was planned. The performance as concerns lab scale reactor was optimized by using HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) granules are easily available in all polymer industries are used as a filter media. A proportional study of natural filter media sand and synthetic filter media HDPE granules was undergone for investigation. This two-filter media were selected because of its locally available and two different size of media (sand 2.5 mm, HDPE 3.5 mm) were evaluated. Bentonite (20mg/l ≈ 120 NTU). Identified two parameters were influenced the filtration recital i.e. media depth, filtration velocity. The outcomes uncovered to evacuate turbidity in best conditions where start to be low filtration rate (10.62 l/m² min), extended media midst (240mm). The removal of turbidity in sand was 70% and in plastic media was 55%. Nevertheless, headloss was achieved in higher manner comparing to plastic media. The treated water used as agriculture purpose. 
Keywords: Filtration, Plastic media, treatment of water, sand scarcity, HDPE.
Scope of the Article: Predictive Analysis