Performance Analysis of Classifiers in Identifying NREM Sleep and Awaken Stages from EEG Signals
Harikumar Rajaguru1, Sanjai Khan N2, Vinitha Krishnamoorthy3

1Harikumar Rajaguru*, Department of ECE, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology Sathyamangalam.
2Sanjai Khan N, , Department of ECE, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology Sathyamangalam.
3Vinitha Krishnamoorthy, , Department of ECE, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology Sathyamangalam.
Manuscript received on March 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 24, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2020. | PP: 4321-4326 | Volume-8 Issue-6, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: F9332038620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F9332.038620

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Abstract: Electroencephalogram is a medical procedure which helps in analyzing the activities of the brain through electrical signals. In this paper a simple classification technique of EEG signal into two stages as NREM sleep and awaken stages had been undertaken. Classifying these stages helps the physician to understand the patient’s sleep disorder by knowing whether the person’s brain is in NREM sleep or awaken stages. Physionet EEG signals are samples of 256 signals per second for 10 seconds duration is used in this work. Then the EEG samples properties are analyzed through various parameters like statistical features, entropy Pearson correlation coefficient, Power spectral density, scatter plots and Hilbert transform plots. The classification of NREM sleep and awaken stage is performed by the ten different classifiers broadly grouped into non linear and hybrid one. The classifiers used include Linear Regression, Non Linear Regression, Logistic Regression, Principal Component Analysis, Kernel Principal Component Analysis, Expectation Maximization, Compensatory Expectation Maximization, Expectation Maximization with Logistic Regression Compensatory Expectation Maximization with Logistic Regression, and Firefly. The performances of the classifiers are analyzed using regular parameters like sensitivity, accuracy, specificity, performance index. The highest accuracy of 95.575% is achieved with linear regression for awaken signal and an accuracy of 95.315% is achieved using kernel PCA for sleep signal.
Keywords: EEG, NREM sleep, awaken, classifier, Performance.
Scope of the Article: Classification.