Optimization of Geometrical Parameters of Hollow-core Slabs by Formwork-free Shaping for Construction in Seismic Areas
Mirzaev Pulat1, Mirzaev Shavkat2
1Parswa Jyoti Neog*, M.Phil. Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Dibrugarh University, Assam, India.
2Dr. Pranjal Protim Buragohain, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Dibrugarh University, Assam, India.
Manuscript received on February 27, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 14, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2020. | PP: 4973-4977 | Volume-8 Issue-6, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: F9192038620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F9192.038620
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Abstract: The building norms and standards of Uzbekistan on the reinforced concrete structures do not regulate the design of hollow-core slabs of formwork-free shaping, reinforced with prestressed wire reinforcement. The manufacturing technology of such slabs allows creating a wide range of products that increase the possibility of their use in various structural systems in residential, civil and industrial buildings, but in non-seismic areas only. The aim of this work is to develop a constructive solution for the cross section of a prestressed hollow-core floor slab of bench formwork-free shaping, reinforced with high-strength wire reinforcement, in order to create a wide range of products intended for construction in seismic areas. To achieve the goal, the problem of determining the optimal combination of height and configuration parameters of the cross section of such a slab is solved, meeting the normalized operational requirements and limitations of earthquake-resistant building standards. The main variable parameters are the height and the void degree of the section, characterized by the size and shape of voids. In calculating the cross-section of a hollow-core slab when substantiating the theoretical basis for the calculation, the cross section is reduced to the equivalent I-section. As a result of research, a constructive solution was developed for the slab cross section of the maximum parameter values (the span, operational load) set by the customer. The parameters of the slab cross-section are: the height 190 mm, the hollowness 38%, the height of the upper thickened flange (compared with the height of the lower flange) of the given section is 0.27h, the height of the lower flange is 0.17h, the reduced (total) thickness of all ribs “b” is 0.32 of the width of the upper flange. The voids in the section along the height of the slab are arranged asymmetrically. A patent for a utility model has been received for the proposed constructive solution of the slab cross section.
Keywords: Hollow-Core Slab, Formwork-Free Shaping, Optimization, Height, Cross-Sectional Configuration Parameters, Bearing Capacity
Scope of the Article: Waveform Optimization For Wireless Power Transfer.