A Survey on Applications, Communication Stack and Energy Consumptions in WSNs
Priyanka1, Ajay Kumar Singh2

1Priyanka, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, AKTU, MIET, Meerut (Uttar Pradesh), India.
2Ajay Kumar Singh, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, AKTU, MIET, Meerut (Uttar Pradesh), India.
Manuscript received on 27 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 04 April 2019 | Manuscript Published on 12 April 2019 | PP: 159-166 | Volume-7 Issue-6C April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F90230476C19/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs) are a collection of small, tiny sensors that are having sensing, computation capability, and working together with the help of wireless communication. This paper explains the theory of wireless sensor networks. By merging the micro electro-mechanical skill, digital electronics, and wireless exchanges of information features made WSNs viable. This paper discusses about applications of WSNs and some of application area like military, and health low energy consumption requirement are used WSNs vastly. A list of factors that are effect the design of WSNs is provided, and most of the constraint on sensor nodes is low power consumption requirement, here we discuss all constraints that are useful for improvement of WSNs. Here we discuses about communication architecture, algorithms, and protocols refined for layers. Stack of protocols incorporates all layers that are essential for communication. Protocols of routing are provided by network layer that make energy efficient scheme for transmission of data. For the awareness of sensor networks open research issues are discussed. This paper discussed about how nodes are placed in network, energy consumption model for computing the energy in transmission to receiver ends, and traffic patterns. The assessment terms regularly used for making the routing scheme power efficient is discussed here , also discussed all the routing schemes.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Application Layer, Transport Layer, Networking Layer, Data Link Layer, Physical Layer, Routing Protocols, and Energy Efficiency.
Scope of the Article: Foundations of Communication Networks