Research of Loop Transferred Structures on V-Bed Flat Knitting Machine
N. R. Khankhadjaeva1, A. G. Nabiev2, F. M. Riskalieva3
1N.R. Khankhadjaeva*, Department “Technology of textile fabrics”, Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
2A.G. Nabiev, Department “Technology of textile products”, Technological University of Tajikistan, Dushanbe, Tadjikistan.
3F.M. Riskalieva, Department “Technology of textile fabrics”, Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
Manuscript received on March 16, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 24, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2020. | PP: 2565-2570 | Volume-8 Issue-6, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: F8534038620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F8534.038620
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Today, the production of knitwear is developing at a faster pace. In industry, trade and the service sector, the production of knitwear, combining high technology and low cost, with good consumer properties is urgently required. Consumers today are looking for comfort, fashion and style, which results in ever-changing demands on the apparel market. As the consumer’s requirements to quality and appearance of product are daily increasing, the attention to the question of replacement of a smooth cloth on wide assortment with pattern effect is sharply brought. This work deals with the analysis of technological parameters and physical-mechanical properties of the knit fabric with pattern effect. With the aim of to expand the assortments of knitwear and to use the technological capabilities of double-bed flat knitting machines in fullest extent possible, on the base of rib structure, by using of loop transference 2 new variants of combined structure were developed and recommended. Samples differ from each other by the rapport and pattern effect of the knit structure. Technological parameters, such as loop length, stitch density, surface and volume density, physical-mechanical properties, such as breaking strength and elongation of newly developed combined knit structures were also determined by experimental method. Loop length and stitch density are important variables, that by changing them, the surface and volume density can be changed, that can manage the raw material consumption and determine the quality of knit fabrics. Breaking strength and elongation are important and decisive parameters for end uses since low strength properties shorten the useful life time as well disable the functionality of these products. Patterns of influence of structural elements, such as transferred loops on the surface density and volume density of knitwear was established. It is found that offered structures have some advantages to compare to basic structure. On the aim of resource economy technology, they give a possibility of raw material expenditure decreasing 22-47%.
Keywords: Breaking Strength And Elongation, Combined Knit Structure, Flat Machine, Loop Transference, Rib Structure, Technological Parameter.
Scope of the Article: Behaviour of Structures.