Functional Analysis of Selected Ion Electrically Conductive Hydrogel: Production and Applications in Seawater Treatment
Mohamed H. Sorour1, Marwa M. El Sayed2, Abdelghani M. G. Abulnour3, Shadia R. Tewfik4, Hayam F. Shaalan5, Heba A. Hani6
1Mohamed H. Sorour, Chemical Engineering and Pilot Plant Department, Engineering Research Division, National Research Centre , Dokki, Cairo
2Marwa M. El Sayed, Associated Professor, Chemical Engineering and Pilot Plant Department, Engineering Research Division, National Research Centre , Dokki, Cairo.
3Abdelghani M. G. Abulnour, Chemical Engineering and Pilot Plant Department, Engineering Research Division, National Research Centre , Dokki, Cairo.
4Shadia R. Tewfik*, Chemical Engineering and Pilot Plant Department, Engineering Research Division, National Research Centre , Dokki,Cairo
5Hayam F. Shaalan, Professor, Head of Chemical Engineering Department in the National Research Centre.
6Heba A. Hani. National Research Center, Egypt.
Manuscript received on March 12, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2020. | PP: 2872-278 | Volume-8 Issue-6, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: F8015038620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F8015.038620
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Seawater desalination is becoming a crucial intervention for mitigating water shortage in numerous Middle East countries. Desalination technology is associated with various technological challenges that should be resolved to maintain plant sustainability and performance. For instance, seawater hardness is recognized as a challenge for recent large scale desalination plants. Optional technologies including chemical treatment, adsorption and membrane filtration have been developed for hardness removal and recovery of Ca and Mg. This paper addresses the development and application of a new conductive polymeric hydrogel composite exhibiting electrically tunable characteristics. A comprehensive review on the preparation of conductive hydrogel and its application for water treatment is first presented. The newly developed hydrogel composite comprises treated zeolite, polyacrylate, polyaniline, hydrolyzed polyacrylamide and special processing aids. The characteristics of the composite have been determined via scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and electric conductivity measurements in addition to swelling ratio. Impact of composition and processing conditions on conventional and electrochemically enhanced adsorption experiments have been presented and analyzed. Electro-regeneration has been also explored. The promising features of this hydrogel in composite are elucidated by the removal and recovery of hardness causing elements in simulated seawater and brines. It is concluded that the developed hydrogel is initially qualified for upstream seawater softening. Additional endeavors are still needed for downstream brine management to overcome apparent osmotic effects.
Keywords: Acrylic Acid; Adsorption; Conductive Hydrogel; Seawater; Polyaniline; Zeolite.
Scope of the Article: Innovative Mobile Applications.