Energy Efficient Multi-Hop Multipath Sub Clustering Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network
Kirti Bazar1, Kanika Sharma2

1Kirti Bazar, Department of Engineer, Central Government, New Delhi, India.
2Dr. Kanika Sharma, Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication, National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR), Chandigarh, India.
Manuscript received on 24 January 2023 | Revised Manuscript received on 02 February 2023 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 March 2023 | Manuscript published on 30 March 2023 | PP: 1-12 | Volume-11 Issue-6, March 2023 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.F74550311623 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F7455.0311623

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Abstract: The aim of this paper is to design Energy Efficient Multi-Hop Multipath Sub Clustering Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. This paper presented a routing protocol for heterogenous WSN for the selection of cluster head based on the highest remaining residual energy in a node by using the optimal probabilistic equation. The heterogenous technique contains the multi-hoping of inter clustering communication and connectivity of remaining sensor nodes by using sub clustering technique. The sensor nodes with high residual energy will become cluster head and sends data packets to the base station. After successive simulations of this routing protocol on to MATLAB 2022b software, it was consequently found out that it improves the number of alive nodes, number of data packets transmitted to the sink in a network and also improves the network lifetime by 75%-80% in comparison with other protocols. The simulation results were carried out by comparing the proposed method with O LEACH, EEE LEACH, Z-SEP, LEACH. The result shows that, our proposed method is more stable and energy efficient than the other routing protocols
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), Sub-Cluster based routing, Multipath routing for communication, alive active nodes, Network Lifetime.
Scope of the Article: Wireless Sensor Networks