Performance Analysis of Plug-in Electric Vehicle Supported DVR for Power-Quality Improvement and Energy Back-Up Strategy
T. Ganesh1, L. Shanmukha Rao2
1T. Ganesh, UG Student, EEE Department, Kallam Haranadhareddy Institute of Technology, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2L. Shanmukha Rao, Professor/EEE Department, Kallam Haranadhareddy Institute of Technology, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Manuscript received on February 02, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 10, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2020. | PP: 945-952 | Volume-8 Issue-6, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: F7373038620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F7373.038620
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Electric vehicle technology becomes increasingly important as it takes care of the environmental issues related to ICE vehicle and reduces the dependency on fossil fuels. Electric vehicle being greatly dependent on the limited electrical energy provided by a battery, the power flow efficiency is very important in this context. Electric vehicle integration to the distribution grid is increased at a faster rate because it can act as power backup to the grid/local loads reducing the peak load and filling the valley point. Most of software engineers own an Electric Vehicle based on eco-friendly principles. The Batteries in the car are connected to the charging point (or) grid monitoring of State of Charging (SOC) facilities in the parking area of company. When the Renewable power (solar energy) is available, the batteries will be charged to hundred percentage of SOC. Then excess power from PV will connect to load as well as grid. When the electrical power supply cutoff the car batteries will act as a battery bank of UPS and support to the critical load with condition based Allowable SOC. The total capacity of the batteries depends upon the no of cars available at a particular shift in a day. This work proposes the power backup of EV is utilized as an UPS to Software Company as well as used to support the Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) to mitigate the fault occurring in the distribution system. Additionally, the EV supported DVR compensates voltage harmonics, voltage sag-swell, voltage interruptions coming from distribution to enhance power-quality of entire EV system without any additional compensation devices. The entire system is modeled using MATLAB/SIMULINK and the results confer the feasibility of the proposed objective.
Keywords: Dynamic Voltage Restorer, Electric Vehicle, Faults, Voltage Sag-Swell, Interruptions, Harmonics, Un-interruptible Power Supplies.
Scope of the Article: Analysis Of Algorithms And Computational Complexity.