Effect of Aging and Deformation Treatments on Mechanical Properties of Aluminum AA-6063
Víctor Alcántara Alza
Víctor Alcántara Alza, Department of Mechanics and Energy, National University of Trujillo, Perú.
Manuscript received on March 13, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on March 18, 2021. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2021. | PP: 158-168 | Volume-9 Issue-6, March 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.F5532039621 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F5532.039621
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Abstract: How the parameters of artificial aging heat treatments, in AA 6063 aluminum samples, previously solubilized and deformed in cold, influence on the mechanical properties of hardness and traction was investigated. The experiments followed the sequence: First, the solubilization treatment was carried out for 2h using prismatic specimens of 10mm thickness; then the samples were cold deformed with area reductions: 30% -60% -80%. Finally, the aging treatment was carried out on all samples, using temperatures: 150-250-350-450 °C, and holding times: 1-10-30-60-90-120 min. After aging the samples were machined according to the standards. The hardness was measured on the Vickers scale (HV) and the tensile tests followed the ASTM E 8M-95ª standard. Microscopy was performed at the optical and Electronic SEM level, complemented with an EDS analysis. It was found that the highest hardness values occur at 150 °C. The yield point YS increases as decreasing aging temperature, and decreases whith increasing deformation degree. The mechanical strength UTS increases as decreasing temperature and increasing whith deformation degree. Regarding the mechanical properties of traction, the optimal condition is found for the samples deformed at 80% and aged at 250 °C, presenting a (UTS) of 193 MPa, and 15% elongation. The samples with 80% reduction, aged at 450 °C for 120 min are those with the best recrystallization index. It would take a time greater than 120 min for the grains to thicken and the precipitates completely disappear to reach complete recrystallization. EDS analysis indicates the presence of Mg2Si precipitates and the β phase.
Keywords: Aging, cold deformation, aluminum 6063, recrystallization