Virtual Enterprises in A Spatial Economy
Sergey Vladimirovich Shaytura1, Alina Mazhitovna Minitaeva2, Konstantin Vasilievich Ordov3, Valeria Vyacheslavievna Shaparenko4

1Sergey Vladimirovich Shaytura, Russian State University of Tourism and Service, Moscow, Russia.
2Alina Mazhitovna Minitaeva, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russia.
3Konstantin Vasilievich Ordov, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
4Valeria Vyacheslavievna Shaparenko, Sochi State University, Sochi, Russia

Manuscript received on 23 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 30 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 March 2019 | PP: 719-724 | Volume-7 Issue-6, March 2019 | Retrieval Number: F2809037619/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: The globalization of the economic space resulted in the establishment of enterprises that conduct transnational operations. Virtual enterprises make it possible to combine the best network resources in an optimal manner. Virtual enterprises make it possible to cut costs substantially and provide users with possibilities that were unavailable before. These advantages can be attained only based on a unified information space, a unified network communication system that is based on a wide application of new information technologies, mathematical models, software and hardware. In the article, the authors address possibilities and reality of establishing virtual enterprises in such sectors as logistics, banking systems, tourism and education. Regarding virtual enterprises in logistics, digital procurement portals that connect producers, consumers and logistics services providers prevail. Virtual enterprises in the banking sector are digital money suppliers, such as VISA, MasterCard, etc. In the tourism sector, virtual enterprises tackle issues related to booking and the provision of tours. The segment of international distance learning, which provides educational services to customers in various countries, has long stood out.
Keywords: Economic globalization, Digital economy, unified information space, Virtual enterprises, Network structure, Business processes, National payment system, Clearing, Electronic commerce, Distance education.
Scope of the Article: Economics of Energy Harvesting Communications