Gender Budgeting in Inida: An Impact Analysis
Sanjaya Ku. Ghadai1, Satya Narayan Misra2
1Mr. Sanjaya Ku. Ghadai, Research Scholar, School of Management Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Deemed to be University Campus-7, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
2Prof. (Dr.) Satya Narayan Misra, Dean, School of Management, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Deemed to be University
Manuscript received on 23 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 30 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 March 2019 | PP: 1716-1722 | Volume-7 Issue-6, March 2019 | Retrieval Number: F2265037619/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The Declaration at Beijing (1995) tried to usher in gender equality for women by encouraging main streaming of gender, who otherwise suffers from high Gender Inequality Index (GII). Gender Resource Budgeting (GRB) is a very powerful tool for fostering gender equality and empowerment. This paper looks at (a) the trends in gender budgeting, which is the nodal responsibility of Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) department in India, (b) the plight of Anganwadi female workers, who are the fulcrum for providing nutrition to 7 crore children and nursing mothers under the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and Ujjawala flagship programs. It explores the deplorable nutritional status of a significant large chunk of adolescent girls, dwindling trend of labour force participation and vulnerability of rural women wage earners and agricultural workers. It also traces of the global trends in gender gaps, where political empowerment remains a weak area for women. The paper brings out, how lack of political will and leadership, inadequate financial resources, lack of proper accountability mechanism and women participation in planning and budget preparation for women specific schemes are affecting realization of GRB goals. The paper suggests that there is a need to bring more women into the vortex of formal financial system, impart financial literacy programs and vocational training on a large scale. The Gender Budgeting Cells (GBCs) seem to be largely dysfunction. Taking note of the Gender Gap Report (2018), the paper makes a strong recommendation to improve the health status of girl child and women, improve their economic participation and bolster their political participation at the state assembly and national Parliament levels through reservation.
Keywords: GII, GRB, MWCD, ICDS, GBC.
Scope of the Article: Soil-Structure Interaction