The Syiah Turmoil in a Sharia Soil: An Anthropological Study of Hidden Syiah Minority Entity in Contemporary Aceh
Al Chaidar Abdurrahman Puteh1, Abidin Nurdin2, T. Nazaruddin3, Alfian Lukman4

1Al Chaidar Abdurrahman Puteh, Departement of Anthropology, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Aceh.
2Abidin Nurdin, Departement of Anthropology, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Aceh.
3T. Nazaruddin, Faculty of Law, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Aceh.
4Alfian Lukman, Department of Political Science, Universitas Malikussaleh, Lhokseumawe, Aceh.
Manuscript received on 09 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 May 2019 | PP: 1374-1377 | Volume-7 Issue-6S5 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F12410476S519/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: Syiah had ever been a major Islamic denomination in Aceh for centuries. This research is not only about how much classical Sharia rules can be a reference to resolve political problems of majority and minority division, but also to examine the power of sharia in protecting and marginalizing Syiah. Based mainly on classical Snouck Hurgronje ethnography, this study elaborate the the former sharia as a living law in old Aceh and comparing it with recent legal pluralism of Aceh nowadays. With a spectacular growing of traditional Dayah (conservative Sunnism) in present politics, and the transnational Salafi Wahabism intrusion into Aceh, the position of Syiah is at the most tip of the edge in society. Achenese Syiah are now facing hardest situation in this Syafii-dominated land and hardened with the rage of Wahabism. Syiah entity in Aceh is a hiden entity rather than a group, or community or as a society with definite criteria. As an entity, Syiah is something that exists as itself, as a subject or as an object, actually or potentially, concretely or abstractly, physically or not. It need not be of material existence. In particular, there are legal fictions which are usually regarded as Syiah entity. This study concludes that the fundamentalism of Syiah can be manifested in such a latent nuance of adaptive ideology and survive the life of ritual, tradition, and its millenarian believe even in the turbulent time.
Keywords: Soil Aceh Turmoil Former Material.
Scope of the Article: Healthcare Informatics