Motivation of Language in Literary Text: A Study of Toni Morrison’s Sula
Mohammad Muzhafar Bin Idrus1, Mehdi Abbass Mohsin2

1Mohammad Muzhafar Bin Idrus, USIM, Faculty of Major Language Studies, Nilai, Malaysia.
2Mehdi Abbass Mohsin, USIM, Faculty of Major Language Studies, Nilai, Malaysia and IAK College, Al-Kut, Iraq.
Manuscript received on 07 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 May 2019 | PP: 923-927 | Volume-7 Issue-6S5 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F11590476S519/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: The current study aims to clarify the concept of motivation in literary language applied on one of the prominent novels in African- American literature which is Morrison’s Sula. Motivation is considered as one of the prominent principles in language system in which there is a similarity between form and concept. The study of the concept has become significant after the emergence of modernist in arts and literature whereas prior to that, motivation was considered as salient characteristic of poetic language only. The problem of the study will explain how Morrison’s text constructed to decline from the concept of arbitrariness and to meet the concept of motivation. By achieving the objective of the research, the study will focus on two important tropes which are metaphor and metonymy and how they co-occur in literary text to serve as ingredients of motivated language. After taking a journey in the analysis of Morrison’s Sula, the research will come up with some recommendations for further studies.
Keywords: Metaphor, Metonymy, Motivation.
Scope of the Article: Text Mining