Clustering Based Affinity Propagation in VANETs: Taxonomy and Opportunity of Research
Mohammed Saad Talib1, Aslinda Hassan2, ZuraidaAbal Abas3, Ali Abdul-Hussian Hassan4, MohanadFaeq Ali5, Z.J AL-Araji6

Manuscript received on 05 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 17 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 May 2019 | PP: 672-679 | Volume-7 Issue-6S5 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F11180476S519/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: Vehicular communication networks received good consideration and focusing on diverse researchers in the latest years. Vehicular Adhoc Networks (VANETs) represents a developed type of an effective communication technology to facilitate the process of information dissemination among vehicles. VANETs established the cornerstone to develop the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). The great challenging task in routing the messages in VANETs is related to the different velocities of the moving vehicles on the streets in addition to their sparse distribution. Clustering approach is broadly used to report this challenge. It represents the mechanism of the alliance the vehicles based on certain metrics such as velocity, location, density, direction and lane position. This paper is to investigate and analyze several challenges and their present solutions which based on different developed clustering approaches based on the affinity propagation algorithm. This paper isaim to present a complete taxonomy on vehicles clustering and analyzing the existing submitted proposals in literature based on affinity propagation. Presenting and analyzing the submitted proposals will provide these domain researchers with a good flexibility to select or apply the suitable approach to their future application or research activities. To prepare this paper in a systematic manner, a total of 1444 articles concerning the Affinity Propagation in clustering published in the era of 2008 to 2019 were collected from the reliable publishing sources namely (ScienceDirect, IEEE Xplore, and SCOPUS). Due to their relevance, applicability, generality level and comprehensiveness, only nineteen articles among the collected articles were assigned and eventually analyzed in a systematic review method.A considerable success has been achieved in revealing the essential challenges and necessities for clustering based affinity Propagation in VANETs to guide the researchers in their upcoming investigations. This paper also contributes in dealing with open problems issues, challenges and guidelines for the upcoming investigations.
Keywords: Vehicular Adhoc Networks; Clustering; Affinity Propagation.
Scope of the Article: Clustering