Quality Assessment of Borewell and Tap Water in and Around Hyderabad City
Suresh Kommu1, S.S. Asadi2

1Suresh Kommu, Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation Deemed to be University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur (A.P), India.
2SS. Asadi, Department of Civil Engineering, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research, Deemed to be University, (A.P), India.
Manuscript received on 03 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 28 May 2019 | PP: 594-598 | Volume-7 Issue-6C2 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F11080476C219/2019©BEIESP
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: To regulate the climate and shaping the land, water is the most important compound. Water is one of the important compounds that which influences the human life. Initially, mankind used water for domestic purposes such a drinking, cooking, washing. However the present uses of water may be classified as domestic, public, commercial and industrial. Due to fast growth of industries, population and large quantity use of different chemicals, fertilizers and pesticides in producing crops are causing heavy and rapid pollution in aquatic environment leading to deterioration of water condition and depletion of aquatic biota. Due to use of polluted water, human suffers from water borne diseases. It is need and compulsion to check the water pollutants at regular interval of time. The water may consist of pollutants and toxic metals which are injurious and damage thehumanhealth. Thebelow are common characteristics of potable water pollutants and examples of each parameter: Physicalpollutants initially impact theappearance or other physical properties of water. Examples of physical pollutants are sediment or organic material settled down in the water of lakes, rivers and streams from transportation of soil and erosion. Chemicalcontaminants are elements or compounds. Chemical pollutants are naturally occurring or man-made. Majority of the chemical pollutants are man-made Examples of chemical contaminants include nitrogen, bleaching, salts, pesticides used in different places, metals, toxins produced by bacteria, and human or animal drugs are caused chemical contamination. Biologicalpollutants and contaminants are organisms in water. They are also referred to as microbes or microbiological contaminants. Examples of biological or microbial contaminants include bacteria, viruses, protozoan, and parasites. Radiologicalcontaminants are radioactive elements with an unbalanced number of protons and neutrons resulting in unstable atoms that can emit ionizing radiation. Examples of radiological contaminants include cesium, plutonium and uranium. The condition of water compound , generally examined according to its physical, chemical and biological agents. Water samples are collected from different sources and the different required water characteristics, and required parameters that may be tested include temperature, pH, turbidity, salinity, nitrates and phosphates, generally all required parameters may be tested. An assessment of the aquatic macro invertebrates can also provide an indication of water quality. The tested samples will be checked against the standards laid by the Indian standards for potable water as per BIS specifications (IS 10500-1991) or WHO standards for potable water condition. The quality of borehole water in different sources of Hyderabad city was tested with respect to BIS standards. Areas taken into consideration also include those which are industrial where there might be chances of pollution of borehole water. Samples from Balanagar, Beeramguda, BHEL, Jeedimetla, Kondapur, JNTUH & Begumpet and other different areas were collected for the test. Each sample was tested for different characteristics, such as completely dissolved solids in water, standard name as (TDS), Conductivity of Electrical (EC), pH, Chlorides & Fluorides and for few samples, hardness was also found. The testing of underground water quality in the chosen area and its suitability for potable water is computed based on water quality index values. The data has shown that there were considerable varied results in the examined sample from different sources with respect to their chemical features.
Keywords: Electrical Conductivity, pH, Quality Assessment, Total Dissolved Solids, Toxic Metals, WQI.
Scope of the Article: Water Supply and Drainage