Assessment of Water Quality Variation of River: a Case Study of Beas River, Punjab
Vipin Solanki1, Sarish Khera2

1Vipin Solanki, Assistant Professor, School of Social Science and Languages, Lovely Professional University, (Punjab), India.
2Sarish Khera, Assistant Professor, Hindu College, Amritsar (Punjab), India.
Manuscript received on 04 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 16 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 May 2019 | PP: 421-427 | Volume-7 Issue-6S5 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F10710476S519/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: Rivers are lifeline of Punjab. But due to urbanisation, industralisation and sewage sludge, the rivers of Punjab have become extremely polluted. This study was conducted to evaluate physio-chemical status of Beas River in Punjab state. The assessment of water quality of the river the water quality is done at five sampling points from 2002 to 2015 in pre-monsoon and post-monsoon season. The physiochemical parameters such as pH, EC, DO, BOD, COD, T. Coli, F. Coli and NO3 have been analysed. The results were compared with water quality standards prescribed by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and World Health Organization (WHO)[17]. It has been evaluated that the water quality at Beas is good as it enters Punjab at Talwara town, but due to the discharge of industrial effluents and sewage, it depreciates near the town Mukerian, Goindwal and Beas town[1]. But, the quality of water improves at Harike due to self-purification process of the river. The river has high Dissolved Oxygen but is deficient in BOD and COD. According to PPCB (2014), the water quality of River Beas conforms to Class B water category (Outdoor Bathing)[16].
Keywords: Physio-chemical Analysis, Pollution, Chemical Oxygen Demand.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences