Optimal Overhead Energy Efficient Algorithm of Leach Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks
Muhammad Khurram1, Sellappan Palaniappan2, Syed Imran Ali3

1Muhammad Khurram, Malaysia University of Science and Technology, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.
2Sellappan Palaniappan, Malaysia University of Science and Technology, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.
3Syed Imran Ali, Nizwa College of Technology, Oman.
Manuscript received on 03 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 May 2019 | PP: 250-254 | Volume-7 Issue-6S5 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F10400476S519/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Future world will consist of smart devices that would basically dependent upon the sensory data from real world environments. In this way, inevitability of large scale remote sensors and IoT is unyielding in future. Wireless sensor nodes have limited resources, which comprised of spatially dispersed remote sensing nodes, which have some constrained issues among them the consumption of the power is the most significant one. WSN consumes hundreds to thousand times more energy in transmission of data as compared to the execution of instructions. The applications of the WSN are in wide spread fields, e.g. Military battle field, detection of forest fire, medical, and smart home/ city automations. So a big challenge for researchers for a large scale WSNs during the collection of data is the minimal amount of energy utilization. Lot of techniques used to diminish the utilization of energy in data gathering. Among all, small size data packets is one of the important aspect to conserve the energy, because sensor node dissipates less amount of power for information processing as compared to communication among the nodes. Reduce energy consumption and decreases the system delay is the prime target of cluster based sensor networks. For micro-sensor networks LEACH is a cluster based protocol which accomplishes low power, expandable routing and reasonable access of media for sensing nodes. Data collection with usage of a dynamic clustering method is possible in different round. In every round, new set of clusters with different nodes comes into existence. The basic concept of LEACH is optimal set of CH according to the total nodes present in the network and the uniform dissemination of energy utilization among network nodes. This rest of the paper is organized as follows: Section I contains Introduction, Section II discussion about distributed clustering algorithms, Section III energy consumption in data collection rounds, Section IV proposed overhead energy calculation, Section V discussion about simulation model, Section VI performance analysis and results, Section VII Conclusion is based on the observation of both analysis and simulation.
Scope of the Article: Wireless ad hoc & Sensor Networks