Crisis of Higher Education in Russia
Rustem R. Vakhitov1, Anna E. Rodionova2, Elena V. Smirnova3, Rafis H. Mukhutdinov4, Mariya I. Arzhakova5, Andino Maseleno6

1Rustem R. Vakhito, Bashkir State University, Russia.
2Anna E. Rodionova, Bashkir State Pedagogical University Named After M. Akmulla, Russia.
3Elena V. Smirnova, Togliatti State University, Russia.
4Rafis H. Mukhutdinov, Kazan Federal University, Russia.
5Mariya I. Arzhakova, The North-Eastern Federal University Named After M.K. Ammosova, Russia.
6Andino Maseleno, Department of Information Systems, Institute of Informatics and Computing Energy, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia STMIK Pringsewu, Lampung, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 02 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 14 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 May 2019 | PP: 95-99 | Volume-7 Issue-6S5 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F10160476S519/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of the causes of the higher education crisis in Russia in the post-Soviet period. The authors proceed from the point of view that the basis of modern civilization is industry and therefore the fundamental function of higher education is to train specialists for industry and the socio-economic sphere of society. Thus, there is a steady correlation between the type of economy and the type of higher education. The universities of the West (the Humboldt model) with their academic freedoms are ideally suited to a market-type economy, Soviet universities with their authoritarianism in the learning process – to the Soviet, socialist, planned economy. The problems of the post-Soviet higher education are related to the fact that universities, adapted to the planned economy, are now forced to function in a society that has shifted to a certain extent to the market model.
Keywords: Higher School, Western Model of Higher School, Soviet Model of Higher School, Market Economy, Planned Economy, Post-Soviet Russia Education Reforms.
Scope of the Article: Smart Learning and Innovative Education Systems