Examining the Effect of Transactional and Transformational Leadership Styles on Employee Satisfaction in Conglomerate Companies
Thilageswary Arumugam1, Amira Rahman2, Mazuwin Maideen3, Shamini Arumugam4
1Thilageswary Arumugam, Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation, Malaysia.
2Amira Rahman, Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation, Malaysia.
3Mazuwin Maideen, Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation, Malaysia.
4Shamini Arumugam, Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 05 February 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 February 2019 | Manuscript Published on 19 February 2019 | PP: 152-158 | Volume-7 Issue-5S January 2019 | Retrieval Number: ES2140017519/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Employee satisfaction has been one of the key issues discussed in behavioural science. Many research has studied into the effective leadership approach by managers in organisation leads to organizational performance. However, leadership has an effect on employee satisfaction towards employee job performance. Employee satisfaction plays a crucial role in determining employee performance. Employee satisfaction depends upon the leadership style of managers. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between leadership styles and job satisfaction among employees in the private organisations. A cross-sectional study using web survey distributed among 377 conglomerate employees through the simple random sampling method. This study includes an analysis of two independent variable which is Transformational leadership and Transactional leadership and job satisfaction as dependant variable. The findings of the study indicate that transformational leadership and transactional leadership were significant positively correlated to employee job satisfaction. Thus, all hypothesis were accepted. This implies that employees with high job satisfaction tend to perform better with the existence of high involvement of transactional and transformational leadership. Besides, it is important that both the leadership styles are essential to employee satisfaction at job which can lead to organizational performance collectively.
Keywords: Transactional Leadership, Transformational Leadership, Employee Satisfaction.
Scope of the Article: e-governance, e-Commerce, e-business, e-Learning