Microorganisms in Oil Reservoirs of West Kazakhstan
Yernazarova A.1, Kaiyrmanova G.2, Zhubanova A.3

1Yernazarova A., Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
2Kaiyrmanova G., Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
3Zhubanova A., Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Manuscript received on 13 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 December 2018 | Manuscript Published on 24 January 2019 | PP: 70-72 | Volume-7 Issue-4S2 December 2018 | Retrieval Number: ES2089017519/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Nowadays, the oil and gas branch of Kazakhstan is the largest, fastest growing area, where development of oil and gas is steadily increasing. The efficiency of oil extraction of from oil-bearing strata by modern, industrial by mastered methods of development in all oil-producing countries for today is considered to be unsatisfactory, despite of the fact that the consumption of petroleum products in the world is growing every year . The average ultimate of oil recovery in different countries and regions is from 25 to 40%.One of the most effective method for enhanced oil recovery is the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR). The use of microbiological approaches in the development of the ways of increasing oil production requires a thorough screening of active microbial strains with a high target activity among a large diversity of microorganisms’ species of a natural microflora objects of the environment on the territory of the deposit. The aim of this work was the isolation microbial strains resistant to extreme conditions in oil-producing regions, for further constructing the microbial consortium for using in biotechnology development that leads to the oil recovery enhancement.
Keywords: Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery, Microorganisms.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences