Energy Efficient Light Monitoring and Control Architecture Using Embedded System
P. Rathnavel1, T. Baldwin Immanuel2, P. Rayavel3

1P. Rathnavel, Department of EEE, Sri Sairam Institute of Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2T. Baldwin Immanuel, Department of EEE, AMET deemed to be University, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
3P. Rayavel, Department of CSE, Sri Sairam Institute of Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 06 February 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 February 2019 | Manuscript Published on 04 March 2019 | PP: 212-215 | Volume-7 Issue-5S2 January 2019 | Retrieval Number: ES2032017519/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: In this paper, we propose an energy efficient RF-based outdoor light monitoring and control system that can monitor and handle outdoor lights more efficiently as compared to the conventional systems. The proposed system uses the RF-based wireless devices which allow more efficient lamps management. The designed system uses sensors to control and guarantee the optimal system parameters. To realize effectiveness of the proposed system, the prototype has been installed inside the University, where the experimental results proved that the proposed system saves around 70.8% energy for the outdoor street environment because of using sensors, LED lamps, and RF based communication network. To implement wireless control system of lights, several comparable architectures have been applied for outdoor lighting. In the design of the intelligent lighting system by considering the system cost as the main factor beside the energy saving. In, the author tries to reduce the number of sensors on each lighting nodes, but this reduction will result in less accuracy of the system due to more packet loss and hence will result in performance degradation. Furthermore, the authors in and designed the energy efficient lighting controls system by utilizing the WIMAX and GPRS as backbone technology, respectively, to communicate with the control center. One of the drawbacks of utilizing WIMAX and GPRS is the utilization of licensed spectrum, which will result in interference with the existing WIMAX and GPRS users. Hence, the lighting system will also require efficient interference avoiding algorithms to cope with interference, but this is not suitable for the lighting systems. These systems also have no capability to change the light intensity according to the users’ requirement because they statically control the energy consumption and do not consider the user requirements in the sense of light intensity and the user’s presence while dimming or turning off the lamps. In order to fill this research hole, we design the energy efficient RF TRANSRECEIVER-based outdoor light monitoring and control system. In addition to all these things ,an additional led is given as backup light, which will be used during main led light failure or when the operating temperature of main led exceeds the optimum range.
Keywords: WSN (Wireless Sensor Network), MSD (Mass Storage Device), HID (Human Interface Device), LDR (Light Depended Resistor).
Scope of the Article: Energy Harvesting and Transfer for Wireless Sensor Networks