Synthesis of Magnetic Eggshell Modified with Polyethyleneimine for Aspirin Removal
Noor Fathiah Haziqah Othman1, Norzita Ngadi2, Abu Hassan Nordin3, Nur Aien Fatini Abd Latif4, Amir Asyraf Nasarudin5
1Noor Fathiah Haziqah Othman*, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia.
2Norzita Ngadi, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia.
3Abu Hassan Nordin, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia.
4Nur Aien Fatini Abd Latif, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia.
5Amir Asyraf Nasarudin, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on January 19, 2022. | Revised Manuscript received on January 24, 2022. | Manuscript published on January 30, 2022. | PP: 113-116 | Volume-10 Issue-5, January 2022. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.E67810110522 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.E6781.0110522
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The application of domestic waste as an economical and eco-friendly adsorbent has emerged among the most promising options for pharmaceutical remediation due to its high performance. Nonetheless, one of the most significant challenges of modified adsorbents is the difficulty in their recovery process, which includes separating adsorbents from cleaned water. This study synthesized and investigated a magnetic adsorbent derived from chicken eggshell (CE) modified with polyethyleneimine (PEI) for aspirin removal to address this issue. The chosen variables for the adsorbent synthesized were the ratio of CE:PEI (1:1, 1:2, 2:1, 2:0.5), the ratio of CE-PEI: magnet powder (2:1:2, 2:1:1, 2:1:0.5, 2:1:0.25). Adsorption studies were carried out to remove 0.1 g/l of aspirin. The results indicated that the optimal synthesis conditions for the magnetic chicken eggshell modified with polyethyleneimine (MCEP) are 2:1 for CE: PEI ratio, 2:1:1 ratio for CE-PEI to magnet particles and 120 minutes of crosslinking time.
Keywords: Adsorption, Polyethyleneimine, Chicken Eggshell, Aspirin, Pharmaceutical Waste.
Scope of the Article: Pharmaceutical Waste.