Comparative Analysis of a Performance of Metaheuristic Algorithms in Solving Optimal Power Flow Problems with UPFC Device in the Transmission System
Kottala Padma1, Yeshitela Shiferaw Maru2

1K.Padma, Assistant Professor Department Of Electrical Engineering, AU College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam, A.P, India.
2Yeshitela Shiferaw Maru, Currently a Ph.D. Candidate, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India.

Manuscript received on January 23, 2021. Revised | Manuscript received on February 04, 2021. | Manuscript published on January 30, 2021. | PP: 316-326 | Volume-9 Issue-5, January 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.E5301019521 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.E5301.019521
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Abstract: Incremental industrialization and urbanization is the cause of enhanced energy use as it increases the building of new lines and more inductive loads. As a result, the transmission system losses increased, and the magnitudes of voltage profile values deviated from the stated value, resulting in increased cost of active power generation. To mitigate these issues, adequate reactive power compensation in the transmission line and bus systems should be done. Reactive power is regulated by the proper position of the Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS). Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) is a voltage converter system that increases the voltage profile and reduces loss. In this paper, the optimal power flow solution is considered using a FACTS device based on Multi Population Modified Jaya (MPMJ) optimization algorithm. Using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) system, the optimal position of the UPFC device is determined by considering the most useful objective function provided by priorities and weighting factors. Therefore, on the standard IEEE-57 bus test system, the proposed MPMJ optimization algorithm is implemented with UPFC for optimal fuel cost values of generation, real power loss, voltage deviation and sum of squared voltage stability index. The result obtained by the proposed algorithm is contrasted with the recent literature algorithm. 
Keywords: Analytical Hierarchy Process, Meta-heuristic algorithm, MPMJ, Optimal Power Flow, UPFC.