Performance Analysis of LDPC Decoding Techniques
Abdel Halim A. Zikry1, Ashraf Y. Hassan2, Wageeda I. Shaban3, Sahar F. Abdel-Momen4

1Abdel Halim A. Zikry *, Emeritus Professor at Electronics Engineering and Electrical Communications, Ain Shams University-Faculty Of Engineering, Egypt.
2Ashraf Y. Hassan, head of the electrical engineering department of electrical engineering, Benha University, Egypty.
3Wageda I. Shaban,.Dr.lecture in Department of Basic Sciences, Benha University, Egypty.
4Sahar F. Abdel-Momen,phd. student, department of electrical engineering, Benha University, Egypty.

Manuscript received on December 22, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on December 30, 2020. | Manuscript published on January 30, 2021. | PP: 17-26 | Volume-9 Issue-5, January 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.E5067019521 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.E5067.019521
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Low density parity checking codes (LDPC) are one of the most important issues in coding theory at present. LDPC-code are a type of linear-block LDPC-codes. Channel coding might be considered as the finest conversant and most potent components of cellular communications systems, that was employed for transmitting errors corrections imposed by noise, fading and interfering. LDPC-codes are advanced coding gain, i.e., new area in coding. the performances of LDPC-code are similar to the Shannon-limiting, this led to the usage of decoding in several applications in digital communications systems, like DVB-S2 and WLAN802.1..This paper aims to know what is LDPC,what its application and introduce encoding algorithms that gives rise to a linear encoding time and also show that the regular and irregular LDPC performance and also introduce different methods for decoding LDPC. I discuss in detail LDPC decoding algorithm: bit flipping algorithm, as a type from hard decision .belief propagation algorithm, sum product algorithm and minimum sum algorithm as examples from soft decision .I expect that at least some students or researchers involved in researching LDPC codes would find this paper helpful. 
Keywords: Low Density Parity Check Code LDPC, Parity Check Matrix H.