Development of Unmanned Guided Vehicle for Material Handling Automation for Industry 4.0
C. Maheswari1, E. B. Priyanka2, S. Thangavel3, P. Parameswari4

1C. Maheswari, Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2E. B. Priyanka, Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai (Tamil Nadu), India.
3S. Thangavel, Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai (Tamil Nadu), India.
4P. Parameswari, Masters, Department of Computer Applications, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 16 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 27 December 2018 | Manuscript Published on 09 January 2019 | PP: 428-432 | Volume-7 Issue-4S November 2018 | Retrieval Number: E2033017519/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: In the current scenario, the industries are implementing automation in every field works. Industries are trying to reduce the labor cost and processing time which is taken by the human. This proposed work will be helpful for handling the materials efficiently. That is, for picking the raw materials from the storehouse and carrying it on the vehicle and transporting to the workshop where it is being machined. To replace the labor cost and to reduce the processing time, this type of vehicle can be used. The UGV picks the raw materials that had to be machined from the storehouse to the workshop where the machining processes are done. ARDUINO UNO R3 ATMEGA 328P controller is the heart of the system which controls the vehicle movement and arm actuation. The robotic arm consists of 5 servo motors with the gripper at its end. The vehicle with three wheels is helpful for carrying the materials from one place to another place. Three IR sensors are used for detecting the black line on which the vehicle has to move. Sensor 1 and 2 are used for sensing the black line. Whenever it is sensed the vehicle has to move forward or left or right. The third sensor indicates the storehouse or the workshop. When the robot reaches the storehouse, which is indicated by the third IR sensor, the vehicle stops and ARDUINO UNO R3 actuates the arm and simulates it to carry the goods. The vehicle automatically starts and carries it to the workshop without any human interruptions. Hence, the proposed project is useful for carrying and transporting the raw materials and finished goods efficiently with the less consumption of time. This research includes the robotic arm with a gripper, an Autonomous vehicle with three wheels, ARDUINO UNO R3 controller, Motor driver, three InfraRed sensors (IR) and Single-Mode Power Supply (SMPS).
Keywords: Unmanned Guided Vehicle, Robotic Arm, ARDUINO UNO R3 ATMEGA 328P, Material Handling+
Scope of the Article: Materials Engineering