EMDAI: An Emergency Message Diffusion for Accident Information in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Gunasekaran M1, Gopalakrishnan B2, Manikantan. M3

1Gunasekaran M, Associate Professor, Department of Information Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathy (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Gopalakrishnan B, Associate Professor, Department of Information Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathy (Tamil Nadu), India.
3Manikantan M, Assistant Professor Senior Grade Masters, Department of Computer Applications, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 12 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 23 December 2018 | Manuscript Published on 09 January 2019 | PP: 187-197 | Volume-7 Issue-4S November 2018 | Retrieval Number: E2031017519/19©BEIESP
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: A Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) brings the breakthrough in industries. In highways the road safety and travel comfort are accomplished through vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-roadside unit communications. A major issue in safety application is to diffuse emergency message to all the other vehicles immediately without redundancy. There are number of works have been proposed to disseminate the emergency message, but those works suffer from delay and bandwidth consumption due to redundancy. This paper considers vehicle-tovehicle communication for emergency message diffusion without the assistance of roadside units. In this paper, an Emergency Message Diffusion for Accident Information (EMDAI) approach is proposed for the efficient communication of emergency message. The EMDAI approach ensures the broadcasting of Short Range Message (SRM) and Long Range Message (LRM) to all the vehicles with minimum delay. A Non-Redundant Acyclic Group (NAG) technique is introduced to form a group to avoid the broadcast storm problem. In addition, the proposed EMDAI approach provides assistance to the ambulance to reach the Point of Incidence (PoI) in a short span of time. The performance analysis is done on reliability, channel occupancy, delay, message transmission per involved vehicle and traffic clearance delay. The results prove that the proposed EMDAI approach outperforms the existing protocol.
Keywords: Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, Emergency Message Diffusion, Accident Information, Ambulance Assistance and Broadcast Storm Problem.
Scope of the Article: Information-Centric Networking