Urbanization Effects on the Surface Water Resources and Land Use in Udumal Petregion using RS & GIS
V. Chelladurai1, P. Karthikeyan2, S. Thangamani3
1Dr. V. Chelladurai, Associate Professor, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathayamangalam, Erode (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Dr. P. Karthikeyan, Assistant Professor Sr. Grade, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathayamangalam, Erode (Tamil Nadu), India.
3Dr. S. Thangamani, Assistant Professor Sr. Grade, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathayamangalam, Erode (Tamil Nadu) India
Manuscript received on 11 December 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 December 2018 | Manuscript Published on 09 January 2019 | PP: 146-150 | Volume-7 Issue-4S November 2018 | Retrieval Number: E1892017519/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The continuous increase in population and the urbanization resulted in over exploitation of natural resources which directly affects the land use pattern and use of water. A study was framed to assess the changes in the land and water resources management in the Udumalpet taluk region during 1991-2009. The changes in land use pattern, growth and reduction in surface water body area in the region was analysed using ArcGIS 9.3 software.The land use pattern analysis results showed that the cultivable land and build-up land level increased during the study period (1991-2009), and a trend of decrease in water holding structures and uncultivable land area. The growth of area with buildings was 82.64%, in this region and in the urban area switch of land to buildings was 2.16 times of overall build up area increase. The area of surface water bodies at the urban and rural areas were declined by 7.31% and 4.78%, respectively during this study period (1991-2009).The portable water demand forecast analysis showed that the portable water requirement in 2041 would be 2.31 and 1.63 times higher than the portable water requirement in 2011 at the urban, and rural areas, respectively.
Keywords: Land Use Pattern Change, Land Cover Change, Urbanization, Portable Water Requirement.
Scope of the Article: Remote Sensing, GIS and GPS