Design and Development of Smart Rescue System for Workers in Land Mines through Wireless Sensor Networks and IoT
Babburi Santhoshi1, Santhosh B Panjagal2, Balakrishna Masanam3

1Ms. Babburi Santhoshi, Asst. Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Visvesvaraya College of engineering technology, Hederabad (A.P.), India.
2Mr. Santhosh B Panjagal, Asst. Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Kuppam Engineering College, Kuppam (A.P.), India.
3Mr. Balakrishna Masanam, Research Scholar, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, JNTU-Anantapur, (A.P.), India.

Manuscript received on 12 November 2017 | Revised Manuscript received on 28 November 2017 | Manuscript published on 30 November 2017  | PP: 1-6 | Volume-6 Issue-5, November 2017 | Retrieval Number: D1786097418©BEIESP
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Abstract: The objective of this paper is to develop a wireless networked embedded system to monitor the health conditions of the worker in underground land mining, for providing immediate rescue in case of emergency. This system also provides the working Zone of the miner to speed up the rescue operation under emergency situations like landslides, equipment failure etc. and also monitor the emission of the marsh gases like methane and carbon monoxide and also monitor the temperature of the mining environment. The land miner is continuously monitored by using heartbeat sensor and fall detection techniques to provide him emergency rescue if needed. Emission parameter like CH4, CO etc. is continuously monitored by using Gas sensors, temperature monitored by temperature sensor and these values are sent to the database using ZigBee module. The ad-Hoc Wireless sensor network forms the backbone of underground communication; an intelligent mesh network is constructed to pass on the underground and miner conditions to the control room using ZigBee protocol. In the control room every worker status can be monitored through the Real-Time database application. Because of the recent advantages in the internet connectivity like IoT, every worker is connected to the IoT for remote monitoring and management operations. The interpreted data in the control room will be uploaded to the IoT to safeguard and better protect against any disastrous situations
Keywords: WSN, IoT, MSP430, Mesh Topology, Gas Sensors, Heart Rate sensor

Scope of the Article: IoT