Groundwater Quality Assessment to Estimate its Suitability for Different Uses in Assiut Governorate, Egypt
Gamal. Y. Boghdadi1, Hussein A. Saleem2
1Gamal. Y. Boghdadi, Ass. Prof of Geology Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University, Egypt.
2Hussein A. Saleem, Ass. Lecturer Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University Egypt.
Manuscript received on 20 November 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 30 November 2014 | Manuscript published on 30 November 2014 | PP: 53-61 | Volume-3 Issue-5, November 2014 | Retrieval Number: E1273113514/2014©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Groundwater in Assiut governorate has a particular importance where it is the second source for fresh water used for drinking, agricultural, domestic, and industrial purposes. Three hundred and thirty five wells were available during the period 2006 to 2009, and were subjected to analysis for chemical characteristics. These data has been used to conclude two main results; the first one is preliminary evaluation of suitability of groundwater for drinking and irrigation purposes by comparing those parameters with world health organization (WHO) standards and Egyptian standards. the second one is building the correlation matrix between the groundwater quality parameters which are major ions, EC, TDS, SAR, Na%, RSC, TH, KI, PI, MH, CAI, and C.R. with comparing chemical parameters with WHO (1996) and Egyptian standards for drinking, it shows that concentrations of Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Hco3-, SO42−, and Fe are lower than the permissible limits in 80% of wells. Groundwater wells were classified according TDS as about 93 % of wells have TDS less than 3000 mg/l, thus groundwater is suitable for irrigation.
Keywords: Groundwater pollution, Groundwater quality, Assiut governorate, World health organization (WHO), Standards and Egyptian standards.
Scope of the Article: Big Data Quality Validation