Design of Wide Band and Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna for Breast Tumor Detection
S. Maria Glammi1, K. Meena Alias Jeyanthi2

1S. Maria Glammi, Department of ECE, PSNA College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul (Tamil Nadu), India.
2K. Meena Alias Jeyanthi, Department of ECE, PSNA College of Engineering and Technology, Dindigul (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 24 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 02 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 08 May 2019 | PP: 480-484 | Volume-7 Issue-5S3 February 2019 | Retrieval Number: E11850275S19/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: In the worldwide, the most common cancer for women is affected by Breast cancer and faces many miserable problems because of not determining early. MRI is the another approach for breast cancer, but there is no indication right now that, but it is an efficient screening tool for women at usual risk. While MRI is more responsive than mammograms, it also has a higher false positive rate. Microwave detection of the breast cancer is the best analytical method for prior detection of breast cancer. Malignant tumors will have a high dielectric constant as a result of enormous water content than the ordinary tissue. Electromagnetic waves get distributed when it is transmitted over the malignant tumor tissue; these dispersed signals is back propagated and analyzed in order to find the location and size of the cyst. Microstrip patch antenna and wide band antenna is designed for breast cancer detection based on the variations in dielectric constant between the ordinary and tumor tissues which is operating at microwave frequencies. The antenna operating at 2.4GHz is designed on a FR4 substrate and the return loss performance is analyzed in ADS software. The fundamental of matching liquid is set to the microwave signal into breast tissues. The mixture of the matching liquid is 80% sunflower oil with 20% distilled water into the breast tissues. Both measurements and simulation results suggest that this matching liquid provides, nearly, the maximum dispersed power from inner most of breast tissues in interval [2.4 GHz] that is applicable frequency range for breast imaging. Thus the method has to be done using network analyzed, RF transmitter and RF receiver.
Keywords: Return Loss, Microstrip Patch, Breast Cancer, Advanced Design System.
Scope of the Article: Microstrip Antenna