Dynamic Clustering Based on MAC Protocol for Power and Delay Aware Node Selection
G Lakshmi Vara Prasad1, C. Nalini2
1G Lakshmi Vara Prasad, Research Scholar, Department of CSE, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Dr. C. Nalini, Professor, Department of CSE, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 17 February 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 08 March 2019 | Manuscript Published on 08 June 2019 | PP: 726-732 | Volume-7 Issue-5S4, February 2019 | Retrieval Number: E11500275S419/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Power and delay is a significant and essential issue, which in routing protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Sensor nodes are broadcast in particular areas of the environment to identify events and establish WSN. These sensor nodes encompass limitations such as power, memory and computational capability. Since medium Access Control sub layer controls transmissions of the media and collisions, it has significant impact in reducing energy consumption and increasing the channel’s efficiency. Therefore, the medium Access Control sub-layer plays an important task in WSN. By allocating channel duty, media access control sub-layer can reduce collisions; these measures can reduce energy utilization and enlarge the productivity of the channel. In this proposed paper, an improved medium access control protocol is proposed based on clustering technique. Using a multi-layered approach, this technique is intended to reduce competition and traffic in the network. The proposed algorithm consists of two steps including clustering and data transferring of each cluster. The proposed approach can significantly reduce collision, sleep-delay and idle listening. Computer simulation approach is used to evaluate the proposed algorithm. The results of simulation shows the proposed protocol is more efficient than the other existing protocols like MLMAC in terms of the following features: number of successfully sent packets, number of collision, energy consumption and sleep delay.
Keywords: Collision, Average end-end delay, Medium Access Control, Wireless Sensor Network.
Scope of the Article: Clustering