Geoinformatics Based Sprawl Dynamics Analysis of Berhampur Development Authority Area, Odisha, India
Binita Tripathy1, Kabir Mohan Sethy2, P. Mishra3
1Binita Tripathy, Scientist, Odisha Space Applications Centre, Bhubaneswar,Odisha, India.
2Dr Kabir Mohan Sethy , Professor , Department of Geography, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
3Dr P.Mishra, Scientist, Odisha Space Applications Centre, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Manuscript received on November 11, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 20 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 10471-10477 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D9261118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D9261.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Urban and Regional planners need accurate and authentic spatio-temporal information of urban sprawls for efficient and sustainable planning of towns & cities worldwide. Geoinformatics powered with temporal high resolution satellite images, Geographic Information System (GIS), mobile technology, etc is now emerged as the most powerful tool for mapping and monitoring the sprawls of urban habitations. In this paper an attempt is made for analysing the dynamics of sprawls of three statutory towns of Berhampur Development Authority (BeDA) area of Ganjam District, Odisha state, India. The spatial information of urban sprawl of each town has been generated using openly available toposheets and multi -sensor & multi -temporal satellite images and the spatio temporal characteristics of sprawls has been analysed in Arc GIS software. The sprawl area as well as the population of the three towns have been analysed and the future scenario of sprawl-population dynamics has been forecasted for the years 2021 and 2031.The result of this paper highlights that sprawls of the three towns i.e Berhampur, Chhatrapur and Gopalpur will expand their spatial dimension by 22,18 and 97 percent by 2031 whereas population of the three towns will increase by 43, 19 and 15 percent between 2011 -2031.Finally the result indicates that there will be decrease in population density in the three towns which will ultimately force the Development Authority to plan more basic infrastructures and transportation in the newly expanded urban areas.
Keywords: Arc GIS, Geoinformatics, Urban Sprawl, Population Density.
Scope of the Article: Foundations Dynamics.