Address Autoconfiguration in IPv6 Networks: Challenges and Countermeasures
Rajula Angelin Samuel1, D. Shalini Punithavathani2
1Rajula Angelin Samuel, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.
2D. Shalini Punithavathani, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.
Manuscript received on November 19, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 29 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 9883-9891 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D9178118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D9178.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The demand for internet and its applications has eventually led to the depletion of the dominant IPv4 addresses. This has resulted in the inevitable need for the next generation Internet Protocol IPv6, which contains an enormous pool of IP addresses. Address Autoconfiguration, a remarkable feature of IPv6 enables a node connected in the network to automatically configure an IP address for its interface and instantly participate in network communications. The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has classified autoconfiguration into Stateless and Stateful mechanisms. Several IPv6 protocols have been employed to achieve autoconfiguration of networks. However, in addition to the excellent competence of this feature, autoconfiguration certainly suffers in terms of security and optimization. This paper attempts to enlighten the need and merits of Address Autoconfiguration and finally highlights the challenges, open issues and countermeasures involved in achieving this in real time environment.
Keywords: Autoconfiguration, DAD, CGA, ICMPv6, IETF, IPSec, IPv6, Neighbor Discovery Protocol, SeND, SLAAC
Scope of the Article: Agent Architectures, Ontologies, Languages and Protocols.