Managing Pollution Impacted Potable Ground Water in Rural Area of Eastern Pune Metropolitan Region: Disinfection by Common Plants
Sunil S. Deo1, Milind R. Gidde2
1Sunil S. Deo*, BharatiVidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Pune, India.
2Milind R Gidde, Civil Engineering BharatiVidyapeeth(Deemed to University) College of Engineering, Pune, India.
Manuscript received on November 19, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 29 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 9869-9875 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D9153118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D9153.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Potable ground water quality is at risk due to contamination by pollution, sewage, industrial effluents along the nearby areas of Mula-Mutha river banks in eastern metropolitan region of Puneand needed treatment especially disinfection for making it domestically usable. The phytoremediation is one of the important useful method when considered for treatment of water in rural area. The study involved monitoring the quality of ground water in the selected areas along the banks of the river using physicochemical and biologicql parametersin continuation with our earlier studies. For the disinfection treatmentthe commonly found plantsin the area viz. Neem, Tulsi, and Amlawere selected and for the water samples, onsite river water samples and bore well water samples were used. The plants leaves were extracted by water and alcohol and the extracts in dose response manner were used to treat the water. The treated water was monitored for presence of Total coliform and E.coli, the indicators of contamination, using petri film method. The resultsshowedrandom presence of total coliform and E.coli in bore well water samples indicating contaminationand the need fordisinfection.The disinfection study showed that alcoholic leaves extracts were more potent in disinfecting the water samples than aqueous extracts. The complete disinfection by alcoholic extracts was shown at concentration of 21.12mg, 42.8mg and 24.07mgfor Tulsi, Neem and Amla respectively.
Keywords: Disinfection, Ground Water, Contamination, Neem, Tulsi, Amla
Scope of the Article: Local-area and Metropolitan-Area Networks.