Column and Surface Aerosol Optical Properties and Their Association with Meteorology in the Yangtze River Delta
K. Raghavendra Kumar1, N.S.M.P. Latha Devi2
1K. Raghavendra Kumar, Department of Physics, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation (KLEF), Vaddeswaram 522502, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2N.S.M.P. Latha Devi, Department of Physics, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation (KLEF), Vaddeswaram 522502, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India. 

Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 23, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 8255-259 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8936118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8936.118419

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Abstract: Aerosols played an important role in climate change during recent years in China. Many kinds of researches in different areas in China, particularly over the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region in East China is measured during the period from January 2013 to December 2015. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) derived aerosol optical depth (AOD), particulate matter concentrations (PM2.5) and surface black carbon (BCS) was used in this study. Nanjing, Hangzhou, Shanghai, and Ningbo have been selected in this research as they are the major cities of the YRD region that represents different environments. Variation of AOD550, Ångström exponent (AE470-660) and PM2.5 are mainly discussed, and meanwhile, the relationship that exists between them and with the meteorology is also discussed in this work. Apart from this, the impact of visibility and water vapor are also considered to examine the influence on optical properties. The data and analysis indicate that urban cities have a higher value of AOD than rural background cities. High AOD was noticed in summer than in other seasons. AOD usually has a negative relationship with AE, except in summer. Similarly, the PM2.5 has a negative relationship with AOD, whereas, BCS has a positive correlation with AOD. Further, it was observed that the rise in temperature resulted in high AOD concentration. The visibility has negative effect on AOD, whereas, AQI follows similar pattern as that of visibility.
Keywords: AOD, Meteorology, MODIS, PM2.5.
Scope of the Article: Properties and Mechanics of Concrete.