Piston Failure Analysis on Four-Wheeled 1000cc Engine Cylinder Capacity
Ahmad Zayadi1, Novi Azman2, Cahyono Heri Prasetyo3, Sungkono4
1Ahmad Zayadi, Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Nasional, South Jakarta, Indonesia. Email:
2Novi Azman, Electrical Engineering, Universitas Nasional, South Jakarta, Indonesia.
3Cahyono Heri Prasetyo, Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Nasional, South Jakarta, Indonesia. Sungkono, Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Nasional, South Jakarta, Indonesia.

Manuscript received on November 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 23, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 8208-8212 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D8894118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D8894.118419

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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Pistons are one of the main components of a 1000 cc engine that functions as a pressure suppressor and a recipient of pressure combustion in the combustion chamber. In the examination of the 1000 cc sedan engine that has been operating for 30,000 hours found a rough sound on the engine and experienced loss compression on the cylinder block number 2. The purpose of the study was to obtain the factors causing the deformation of the piston 1000 cc sedan vehicles. The research method used is metallographic observation using ASTM E 3 and ASTM E 112, testing hardness using ASTM E 92 and SNI 19-0409-1989 and testing chemical composition using ASTM A 751. The results of research on piston damage can be seen that observation macrostructure proves that there is plastic deformation on the surface area of the piston material, the results of microstructure observation are known to occur microcrack on the top surface of the right side of the piston, there is no change in microhardness between the piston material in the deformed area with the deformed piston material hardness, piston material made of alloy Al-Si. In the area of the piston surface that experiences deformation, Mg2Si and Mg2Al3 compounds are formed, these compounds which cause microcrack on the piston’s upper surface. Plastic deformation on the piston surface occurs due to a collision between the piston surface and the cylinder head due to the buildup of crust on the piston surface.
Keywords: Piston, Deformation, Metallography, Hardness, Chemical Composition.
Scope of the Article: Service Discovery and Composition.